Flashcards in MCP - Schmitt - One C Metabolism - 2/24 Deck (24)
What is the amino acid precursor of GABA?
What is the amino acid precursor of Histamine?
What is the amino acid precursor of Melanin?
What is the amino acid precursor of Melatonin?
What is the amino acid precursor of Serotonin?
What is the amino acid precursor of Niacin?
What is the amino acid precursor of Thyroxine?
What is the cofactor involved in the production of DOPA from tyrosine?
What enzyme catalyzes catechols, and is inhibited by some anti-depressants?
What is the defect in albinism?
Albinos cannot convert tyrosine to melanins
What is the amino acid precursor of NAD+?
Glutamate decarboxylase is dependent on what cofactor to turn glutamate into GABA?
In what kind of reaction is pyridoxal phosphate needed?
Any decarboxylation reaction occurring next to an amino group
Bioton is a carrier of this, most oxidized one-carbon group.
T/F: THF carries all manner of 1-carbon groups, including CO2.
False. THF does not carry CO2
What effect do the drugs methotrexate and aminopterin share?
Lower folate levels in the body by inhibiting dihydrofolate reductase
What is the main role of SAM, s-adenosylmethionine?
It is a major carrier of methyl groups.
It can donate methyl groups to a variety of molecules.
Elevated levels of homocysteine have been strongly correlated with was disease?
By giving B12 , folate and pyridoxal phosphate, you promote the degradation of homocysteine.
T/F: Vitamin B12 is a methyl group carrier.
B12 = cobalamin
What is homocysteinuria?
Deficiency of cystathionine synthase, which catalyzes homocysteine + serine --> cystathionine
Children can have a stroke by age 4
Can also be caused by deficiency in the other pathway for homocysteine, to methionine, via homocysteine methyltransferase
Can also be caused by a THF deficiency (cofactor to B12)
Deficiency of THF and B12 leads to what disease?
Pernicious anemia, aka megablastic anemia (immature rbc released into circulation)
Long term B12 deficiency results in what symptoms?
Demyelination and degeneration of the spinal cord
This could also be related to intrinsic factor deficiency, which is needed to carry B12 from the gut to the blood stream.
What is the most abundant form of THF in the blood?