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Flashcards in Overuse Injuries Deck (49)
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1

Culprits of Overuse Injuries

The athlete
Sports played
Body you live in

2

Prevention of Overuse Injuries

Stretch prior to activity
Warm up prior to activity
Good enough shape to participate
Ease back into activity
Don't play through the pain

3

Locations of Overuse Injuries

Shoulders
Elbows
Knees

4

Describe Overuse Shoulder Injuries

Fatigued tendons
Fatigued muscles

5

Describe Subacute Shoulder Injuries

Fatigued tendons & muscles that slowly begin to tear/wear out

6

Describe Acute Shoulder Injuries

Fell
Threw too hard
Swung to hard

7

Types of Shoulder Overuse Injuries

Tendonitis
Tendonopathy

8

Define Tendonitis

Irritation/inflammation of a tendon
Night time pain
Pain down side of shoulder with overhead activity

9

Define Tendonopathy

"Sick" tendon
Pain evident for a longer period of time

10

Treatment of Shoulder Injuries

Make sure that's "all" it is
NSAIDs
Ice
PT
Steroid injection

11

Diagnostics for a Subacute Shoulder Injury

X-rays
MRI

12

Treatment for Subacute Shoulder Injuries

NSAIDs
Ice
PT
+/- corticosteroid injection

13

Diagnostics for Acute Shoulder Injuries

X-ray
MRI

14

Indications for Performing an MRI in Shoulder Injuries

Drop arm sign
External rotation lag sign
Dislocation

15

Shoulder Injuries that are Concerning

Pain doesn't improve with conservative treatment
+ x-ray: fracture/arthritis
+ MRI: rotator cuff, labral tear, biceps tendon tear

16

Recovery for Rotator Cuff Repair

Healing phase: 6 weeks
Rehab: 6 weeks
Strengthening: 6 weeks
3-4 months: start resuming previous activities

17

3 Compartments of the Knee

Patellofemoral
Medial
Lateral

18

2 Types of Cartilage in the Knee

Articular cartilage
Meniscal cartilage

19

Define Articular Cartilage

Thin lining of resilient connective tissue that serves as padding & an ultra low friction surface

20

Define Meniscal Cartilage

Serve to deepen the contact of the femur on the tibia, provide stability, distribute force

21

4 Main Ligaments in the Knee

ACL
PCL
LCL
MCL

22

Problems with the Knee

Tendonitis
Meniscal tears
Ligament injuries
Cartilage injuries
Arthritis

23

Define Tendon

Attaches muscle to bone

24

Define Tendonitis

Irritation/inflammation of a tendon

25

Treatment of Tendonitis

Rest
Ice
NSAIDs
Focused PT

26

Define Meniscal Tears

Disruption of the continuity of the meniscus of the knee

27

Mechanism of Injury for Meniscal Tears

Twisting
Turning
Deep knee bends
Pivoting

28

Symptoms of Meniscal Tear

Intermittent focal pain
Swelling
Nighttime pain
Pain with activity
Catching/locking

29

Treatment for Meniscal Tears

PT
Injections
Arthroscopic surgery

30

ACL Tear

Fix: active, physical individual
No age restriction