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Flashcards in Sprains & Strains Deck (22)
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1

Define Musculoskeletal Disorders

Injuries or disorders of the muscles, nerves, tendons, joints, cartilage, & supporting structures of the upper and lower limbs, neck, and lower back that are caused, precipitated, or exacerbated by sudden exertion or prolonged exposure to physical factors

2

Causes of Sprains & Strains

Excessive reaching, bending, lifting, gripping, squatting or twisting of hands, shoulders or body
Work performed with high force, with many repetitions, or an awkward position

3

Define Sprain

Stretch or tear of a ligament caused by a sudden pull
Stretched too far from normal position

4

Define Strain

Injury to a muscle or tendon as a result of suddenly pulling them too far

5

Most Common Sprain

Ankle

6

Most Common Strain

Back

7

Other Common Locations of Sprains

Wrist
Thumb: skiing & other sports

8

Grade I Ankle Sprain

Ligaments stretched or slightly torn

9

Grade II Ankle Sprain

Ligaments partially torn

10

Grade III Ankle Sprain

Ligaments completely torn

11

Other Common Locations of Strains

Hamstring
Hand
Forearm
Elbow

12

How do strains occur?

Carrying, holding, or restraining items, people or animals
Lifting, pushing, holding or pulling loads
Working in a fixed position
Sitting or standing continuously
Driving vehicles for long periods
Repetitive tasks
Working in awkward positions
Vibrations through the body

13

In what professions are strains common?

Construction
Agriculture
Trucking/transportation
Food services
Delivery services
Custodial services

14

Signs & Symptoms of a Sprain

Pain
Swelling
Bruising
Not being able to move joint

15

Signs & Symptoms of a Strain

Pain
Muscle spasms
Muscle weakness
Swelling
Cramping
Trouble moving the muscle

16

Treatment for Sprains & Strains

RICE: 24-48 hours
Anti-inflammatories
Mobility aides (moderate)
Possible surgery (severe)
Short course of narcotics
Rehabilitation

17

Ottawa Rules for Ankle Sprains

Pain in the malleolar zone plus one of the following
Bone tenderness of posterior edge of tibia or tip of medial malleolus
Bone tenderness of posterior edge of fibula or tip of lateral malleolus
Inability to wear bear immediately & in ED for 4 steps

18

Rehabilitation Phase of Treatment of Sprains & Strains

PT/exercise program
Increased strength & flexibility
Advanced stretching
Return to full activities

19

Time to Heal for a Mild Sprain/Strain

3-6 weeks

20

Time to Heal for a Moderate Sprain/Strain

2-3 months

21

Time to Heal for a Severe Sprain/Strain

8-12 months

22

Prevention of Sprains/Strains

Stretch before workout
Proper footwear for activity
Adequate warm up
Don't run on icy/uneven surfaces