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Flashcards in Pacific Northwest and New York Deck (28):
1

The majority of Washington's vineyards are planted in which AVA?

Columbia Valley AVA

2

The Columbia Valley AVA lies in the rain shadow of which mountain range?

Cascade Mountains

3

What is the greatest threat grape growers face in the Columbia Valley?

Deep winter freezes, a major concern for grapegrowers, can slash crop sizes in half.

In some years, certain parts of Washington can lose up to 80% of their crop. 

4

What are the most planted red/black grapes of Washington?

  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Merlot
  • Syrah

5

What are the most planted white grapes in Washington?

  • Chardonnay
  • Riesling

6

What Oregon AVA has the largest concentration of wineries and vineyards?

Willamette Valley AVA

7

What is the climate of the Willamette Valley?

Moderate Maritime

Temperatures are kept constant by cool afternoon winds from the Pacific Ocean that enter the southern part of the valley through a break in the Coastal Mountain range.

8

What is the most planted red/black grape in Oregon?

Pinot Noir

There are close to 20,000 acres (8,000 hectares) devoted to Pinot Noir in Oregon.

9

What is the most widely planted white grape in Oregon?

Pinot Gris

10

What is the climate for Washington's winegrowing regions east of the Cascades?

Continental

11

What major Oregon AVA is located south of the Willamette Valley?

Southern Oregon AVA

12

Why can both cool and warm climate varieties be grown in Southern Oregon AVA?

Southern Oregon AVA, which undoubtedly experiences the warmest growing areas in all of Oregon, has cooler microclimates tucked into the region's hills and valleys.

13

Name some important producers of Oregon's Willamette Valley.

  • Beaux Frères
  • Brick House Vineyard
  • Chehalem
  • Cristom Vineyards
  • Domaine Drouhin Oregon
  • Domaine Serene
  • Eyrie Vineyard
  • Ken Wright Cellars
  • Lemelson Vineyards
  • Soter Vineyards

14

What is the only AVA in Washington located west of the Cascade Mountains?

Puget Sound AVA

15

Does Washington produce more red or white wine?

Red

The current ratio is around 58% red and 42% white.

16

What are arguably 3 of the most important nested AVAs within the Columbia Valley?

  1. Yakima Valley AVA
  2. Walla Walla AVA
  3. Red Mountain AVA

17

How do the vine species of New York vineyards compare to those on the west coast of the United States?

American and Franco-American hybrid species prevail in upstate New York while the United States's west coast primarily grows Vitis vinifera.

18

American and Franco-American hybrid grape varieties from New York are mainly used to produce what?

Juices, jellies, and table grapes.

Very few of these grapes are used to produce wine as the flavors of these grapes are not typically deemed desirable in wines.

19

What are the most widely planted Vitis vinifera grape varieties in New York?

White: 

  • Riesling
  • Chardonnay

Red:

  • Pinot Noir
  • Cabernet Sauvignon

20

How many AVAs are there in New York?

11

Finger Lakes Area

  • Finger Lakes AVA
  • Cayuga Lake AVA
  • Seneca Lake AVA

Hudson Area

  • Hudson River Region AVA
  • Upper Hudson AVA

Lake Erie Area

  • Lake Erie AVA
  • Niagara Escarpment AVA

Long Island Area

  • Long Island AVA
  • North Fork of Long Island AVA
  • The Hamptons AVA

21

Commercially, what is the most important AVA in New York?

Finger Lakes AVA

22

Name some important producers from the Finger Lakes AVA.

  • Dr. Konstantin Frank’s Vinifera Wine Cellars
  • Ravines Wine Cellars
  • Sheldrake Point
  • Chateau Frank
  • Heron Hill Winery
  • Keuka Spring Vineyards

23

What famous winemaker proved in the 1950s that Vitis vinifera vines could withstand the harsh New York winters?

Dr. Konstantin Frank

Dr. Frank proved New York grape-growing naysayers wrong when he began making wine from Vitis vinifera wines in the late 1950s.

24

What important climatic feature allows frost-prone New York to produce wines from Vitis vinifera grapes?

New York’s proximity to the Atlantic Ocean as well as its extensive network of lakes and rivers.

The thermal mass of these bodies of water reduces the severity of winter frosts in New York vineyards.

25

What current allows the Long Island AVA to produce more red/black grape varieties than the rest of New York State?

The Gulf Stream

The warming effect of the Gulf Stream is the reason Long Island can produce Bordeaux blends.

26

How many wineries are currently operating in New York?

More than 200.

As of authoring the number is officially 212.

27

What University has played a major role in New York wine production?

Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.

28

What is the predominant climate of New York’s winegrowing regions outside of Long Island?

Continental