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Flashcards in Plato Deck (40)
0

When and where was plato born?

427 BC Athens - Greece

1

When did plato die?

348 BC

2

Who was plato a student and later a teacher of?

Student of socrates, teacher of aristotle

3

What does the cave symbolise?

World of sight/ appearances

4

What do the prisonsers symbolise?

People in this world who are trapped by physical appearances and sense experience

5

What do the objects symbolise?

Imitations of the forms

6

What do the objects carried by people symbolise?

Represent those who lead people but don't actually know the truth

7

What does the fire represent?

The sun of our world

8

What does the journey out of the cave symbolise?

Journey of the soul into the realm of the forms

9

What does the sun symbolise?

Form of the good

10

Why did plato say that knowledge of the forms is essential for any ruler?

So that a ruler can govern justly, not just to further their self- interests

11

What is good about plato's analogy of the cave?

Because empirical knowledge can be flawed - we live in an imperfect world and it gives a reason for imperfections in the world.

12

What does reason take over?

Our senses

13

What is plato unclear with in his analogy of the cave?

The link between the world of appearances and the forms

14

Why wont some people accept plato's argument?

Because it is an absolutist argument

15

What do we have no proof of?

That the cave or outside world are real

16

What are forms?

Perfect ideas, types of things

17

What are the three qualities of forms?

timeless, unchanging and eternal

18

what is the world of the forms more important than?

the changing world of appearances

19

where do forms exist?

in their own right in the world of forms - not just ideas created by people's minds

20

what are particulars?

imperfect copies of the forms that participate in the form

21

what is the form of the good?

the heirarchy of all forms

22

what does the form of the good illuminate?

all other forms

23

what is the aim of everything?

goodness

24

what is the form of the good?

the ultimate end in itself

25

what can the form of the good be understood to be?

an implication of God

26

what is 1st in the hierarchy of forms?

physical inanimate objects

27

what is 2nd in the hierarchy of forms?

physical living objects

28

what is 3rd in the hierarchy of forms?

concepts and ideals

29

what is 4th in the hierarcy of forms?

universal qualities

30

what is last in the hierarchy of forms?

the good

31

what does plato's form explain to us?

why we always recognise the same essential elements in something

32

what do plato's forms help us to understand?

the imperfections and why they exist

33

what do plato's forms encourage us to do?

question in order to learn and accept things at face value

34

what is there no evidence for which limits plato's theory?

no evidence that we recognise the forms in our previous existence

35

why does plato's idea of having a form seem unlikely?

infinite regression

36

what could forms just be? WEAKNESS

ideas in the mind rather than coming from the past

37

what might the existence of the realm of the form not be? WEAKNESS

an obvious conclusion of logical reasoning

38

what doesn't plato make clear?

how plato's forms relate to things in the world of appearances

39

why is plato's belief that senses are inferior a weakness?

because humans have relied on them for years so they must be of some significance