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Flashcards in Test Four Deck (161):
1

What are some things about good witches

Mid wives
Knew local plants
Everyone went to them

2

What are some things about the bad witches

Used drugs on themselves
Poisoned people

3

What is a night flight

Put medicine on broom insert them insed themselves
Chemicals make them feel like their flying but they just fell asleep

4

When did the medicinal plants come about

Middle Ages
Usually oral traditions

5

What is doctrine of signature

Rule of signature appearance found throughout history of world common everywhere

6

Why did people think there were medicinal plants

God made everything
Give people clues
Look at the anatomy of plants and see gods clue
Used this way till 1500

7

What is the purple fox glove

Gave people a cheap high

8

Why were people given purple fox glove

Swelling
Congestive heart failure
Poked skin but it didn't come back out

9

Who found the purple fox glove

William withering

10

What were some things about William

Went to medical school school and hated botany
Liked Helen and she liked botany
Writes paper in 1776
Becomes doc

11

Who was the local witch

Mrs Hutton and she had the recipient to cure dropsy

12

What is digitalas

The chemical in fox glow plant

13

What did van gough have that he needed digitalis for

Epilepsy
Effect sight because he took so much

14

Where did they get medicine for pain

Willow

15

Why was the willow used for pain

It grows everywhere
American Indians found it
Needed a lot of water
Was the asprin till 1900

16

Who was Edward stone

Reverend
He thought if the swamp was making you sick then God was putting the clue in the swamp
Taste the leaves
Takes to church and make them feel better

17

What was salatic

Today's compound W
Was rough on the body

18

Where'd asprin come for

Bayer
When Germany lost ww1 had to give us the patan for asprin

19

What are the three properties of asprin

Analgesic-pain relief
Autinflamitory- swelling
Antigynet- fever reduce

20

Who was John vane

English researcher
Avoided heart attacks because he took asprin everyday

21

What did dr rye do

Rye syndrome
He found that when kids took regular asprin after chicken pox or flu certain percent died

22

What did fever tree treat

Malaria

23

What is malaria

Get fever chills
Airburn
One to two million die per year

24

What awesome old cures for malaria

Cut open skill and let demons out
Amputations

25

What is malaria caused by

Plasmodium
Little worms

26

Where is people more saseptable to acquire malaria

Mexico
Upper half of South America

27

New cure "treatment"

Quinine

28

Who was Juan de lugo

Shipped from Vadican
Studied fever tree for ten years

29

Who was Robert talbot

Thought he was a feverologist

30

When Charles the 2nd and king Louis get sick who do they send

Robert talbot

31

Does Robert cure both kings

Yes

32

What was king Louis deal to Robert

Give rob so much gold and rob gives the king the recipient to cure but he won't look at it until rob dies

33

What happens when rob dies

King gets cure and finds out it was just quinine but it tasted better

34

What is happening to plasmodium after ww2

It's getting immune to quantine

35

What did poppy do to people

Caused pain relief
People To go to sleep

36

What was used for pain caugh and dirriah

Opium

37

How does people get poppy

There was 20,000 poppies per acher
Has to be handled by hand
Don't put fork to deep it will scrap off capsule

38

What is morphine

Found in poppy seed
Commonly used for surgery
Big in civil war time
Army men became addicted to morphine

39

What is in latex

Codine

40

What is codeine

Relief from Cough
One molecule different from. Morphine
Found in Tylenol

41

Raw opium doesn't dissolve in water but dissolves in what

Alcohol

42

If you wanted a buzz by what

Raw opium plus alcohol

43

What was opium used for

Soothing syrup for babies

44

What was Bayer felex haughman named for

Herb

45

What is penicillin

Fungus
Blue cheese that was rotted

46

Who founded penicillin

Ernest Duchane

47

Who was Ernest Duchane

Invented penicillin
Had horses and saw saddle in the dark took the moldy saddle and put it on horses back to take care of it.
Not know gets tb and dies

48

Who was Alexander Fleming

Found penicillin by accident
Worked at hospital
Petite plate with fungus and bacteria

49

What is zone of inhibition

Zone where bacteria isn't because of fungi

50

What is penicill IN

Drug

51

What is penicillium

Fungus

52

Who is Howard Florey

Saved two million people
Why isn't the bacteria growing

53

What did Florey do with the mice

Gave them strep
Gave four antibiotic four not
Three lived
Shows it worked on mammals

54

When was the first human trial

1940

55

What happened in first human trial

Cut face on thorn and gets infected and head was rotting off.
Nothing to loose so he tried the trial
Eyes clear up
Run out of it so he dies

56

First saved by penicillin

Anne miller

57

What did Anne miller have

Uterine probs
Doc ran out of ideas
Got penicillin was saved

58

How do you grow penicillin

Huge incubators
By dday they had 300billion units

59

How did they try to find more penicillin

People sent in their mold food

60

What did moldy Mary send in

Moldy canalope
It was 2000x stronger than original spore
Price went down bc it was common

61

How does penicillin work

Bacteria grows itself to death

62

What are the nightshade family

Pepper
Tomatoes
Chillie
Tabaco

63

What is atripine

Eye test
Dialate pupil
Secretion

64

What is scopolamine

Decreases motion sickness
Treat heroine and coke addiction
Helped with child birth
Stopped in 50s bc it hurts babies

65

What is hyoscyamine

Parkinson's
Bowel
Colic

66

What is deadly night shade

Grows everywhere poisonous
Name comes from deadly fate atropa

67

What is Jimson weed

Came from Jamestown
Strong in tropics
Makes people cut penis off
Makes people crazy

68

What is henbane for

Killed chicken
Date rape drugs
Used for kidnap
Made people sailors

69

What is mandrake

Roots looked like people
King tut unwrapped these
Used for sedatives

70

What are the four levels materials for digestions

Cells
Tissues
Organs
Organ system

71

What is made up of different kinds of cells

Tissues

72

What is made of diff tissues

Organ

73

What is made of diff organs

Organ system

74

What are the three different ways for digestions

No hole
One hole
Two hole

75

What has no holes

Sponge

76

What does one hole mean

Mouth is anus
It's not great but efficient

77

What does two holes mean

Mouth and anus are different
Us
There is a tube within tube

78

Until the food goes through membrane is it still outside the body

Yes

79

What are for the lips for

Keep food I the mouth

80

What are the teeth

32 teeth
K9
Molar
Premolar
Insizer

81

How many salivary glands are there

Four pairs

82

What are the two things that salivary glands are for

Moisten food
Begins enzyme digestions

83

Where does carbohydrate being

In mouth

84

Where is the carbohydrate enzyme

Spit

85

What is the tongue for

Taste and manipulation

86

Where does the swallowing start

Tongue

87

What are the four tastes

Bitter sweet sour and salty

88

What two palates are there

Soft and hard

89

What two systems does the palate separate

Digestive and respiratory

90

What is after the trechea

Glottis

91

What covers the glottis

Epiglottis

92

When the flap on the glottis is closed where does the food go

Digestive tract

93

When the flap on the glottis is opened where does the food go

Can go down the windpipe

94

What starts the digestive tract

Esophagus

95

What is the esophagus

Soft sided muscular tube
Can contract by peristalsis

96

What is after the stomach what is there

Cardiac sphincter

97

What is the cardiac sphincter

Let food in
Keeps in stomach

98

What brings ph to 2

Hydrochloric acid

99

What starts protein break down

Pepsin

100

Where does parties digestion begin

Stomach

101

What is chyme

Food enzyme acid and mucus smashed together

102

What happens when people get ulcers

Eats stomachs
Takes antibiotic

103

What is in the bottom of the stomach

Pyloric sphincter
Opens to release the chyme into the small intestine

104

How long is the small intestine

20ft long

105

Where is the gallbladder

Right side

106

What is the stone bile made with

Liver

107

What is the pancreas

Pancreatic juice
Sodium bicarbonate
Shifts ph 9

108

There is no mucus lining where

In the pancreas

109

What is the protein to amino acid

Trypsin

110

What does the small intestine do

Ribbed by folds called vili
30ft of travel
Surface is for absorption

111

What is IBS

Irritable bowel syndrome

112

What is the biggest organ

Liver

113

What is the six functions of the liver

Detoxifying the blood
Makes parties for blood
Breaks down old red blood cells
Turns blue
Produce eureua
Stores glycogen

114

What does the liver do

Carb storage for later
Major player in diabetes

115

What problems can the liver cause

Cirrhosis
Jaundice

116

Where does the small intestine empty

Large intestine

117

What are the three sections of the large intestine

Ascending colon
Transverse colon
Descending colon

118

What re absorbs 95% of fluid that came through

Large intestine

119

Where does the natural group of bacteria live inside

Colon

120

What is 1/3 of solid that comes out of you is

Liver bacteria

121

Where is the appendix

Off bottom of large intestine

122

What does nothing but can kill you

Appendicitis

123

What is the digestive tract for

Breaking down foods

124

What are proteins made up of

Amino acids

125

How many are essential amino acids are there

Nine

126

What has no taste

Protein

127

What doesn't matter but source of what does

Protein
Lipid

128

What is carbs

Sugar

129

What breaks down on carbs

Amalyse

130

Where do we get carbs

Plant tissue

131

What is fuel

Sugar

132

What is important for energy and fiber

Carbs

133

What is used immediately when it goes into the body

Glucose

134

What does the body save for later

Glycogen medium term energy

135

Does it matter the source of sugar

No

136

What do you need to break down

Simple sugars

137

What are some sugar substitutes

Nutra sweet
Methonal

138

What is cancer in rats

Saccrin

139

What is glucose with chlorine

Splenda

140

What is a huge amount of polysaccharides

Fiber

141

What is cellulose

Everything

142

Why do we eat lettuce

To loose weight increase in fiber

143

Whoa is used for long term energy

Fats

144

How many chains make triglycerides

3

145

What will store more than carbs

Lipids

146

Where do we get oils

Seeds

147

What fats are kinky

Poly unsaturated fats

148

What is the hardening or arteries

Atherosclerotic plac

149

What causes heart Attacks

Solid balls of fat in arteries

150

What straightens chain out

Hydrogenated oil

151

What is expensive

Butter

152

What are some synthetic fats

Olean and olestra

153

What does synthetic fat cause

Anal leakage

154

What is organic compounds that aid metabolism

Vitamins

155

What are rocks

Minerals

156

What are the most common vitamins

A B C D E K

157

Make sure vitamins are what

Dissolvable

158

What are some minerals

Iron
Sodium
Calcium

159

Need what from minerals

Macro and micro nutrients

160

What is the acronym we need to remember

Chopkins cafe mg

161

What does the acronym stand for

Carbon
Hydrogen
Oxygen
Phosphorus
Potassium
Iodine
Nitrogen
Sulfor
Calcium
Iron
Magnesium