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Flashcards in Test Three Deck (147):
1

What does controversy mean?

What you believe doesn't matter just know the information

2

What happened before Darwin.

It was the Greek roman time
No evolution
No genesis
Ran by the church

3

What is fixation.

World has been fixed since the seventh day

4

When was the first scientific questions.

1700's

5

What was the first scientific questions

Where is your dogs thumbs
Pigs toes

6

When was Hutton

Late 1700 early 1800

7

Who was the father of geology

Hutton

8

When did Hutton think the world started

4000 bc

9

What was the three things Hutton said?

Earth is older than commonly said
Change is normal
Maybe we shouldn't use literal translation

10

Who was the scientist engineer in England?

Smith

11

Who figured out stratification

Smith

12

Who were the two French scientist

Cuvier and Lemark

13

What did Lemark say about evolution

Inheritance of acquired characteristics
Can stretch body parts
Body would remember stretch
Little increments would get longer

14

Who beat Lemark

Cuvier

15

How did Cuvier beat Lemark?

One legged people tattoos earrings
Change in the world but by god

16

Who was the father of evolution and best both Cuvier and Lemark

Darwin

17

What were some things about Darwin?

Rich
Went to school
Doesn't work so we hunted
Saw the world goes to Europe

18

What college did Darwin get into and at what age

Oxford
16

19

What happens in darwins second year of college

Quits medical school goes back as a priest

20

What does Darwin graduate as but never practices

Priest hood

21

What ship needed a scientist

Beagle

22

What did Darwin do on the ship

Took a bunch of notes and sent them to a natural history museum

23

What did he find when he went to the gallapagoes island

Variations of organisms
God couldn't do that

24

How long did he work on vacation for

20 years but didn't publish it Because his wife was very religious

25

Who was In a coma and gets answers to variation?

Alfred Wallace

26

Who did Darwin announce his answers to the press with?

Wallace

27

What book did they publish in 1859

Origin of the species

28

What is darwins six steps?

More organisms are born than possibly die
Organisms vary in form and behavior
Traits are inherited
Adaptive traits
Survival of the fittest
Natural selection

29

Do little fingers and toes go away because we didn't use them

No

30

What is mutation

Any change in DNA

31

What is speciation

Creation of new species

32

How do you determine new species

Mate two organisms that can have fertile baby

33

What happens when you mate two different species

No fertile
Ex horse donkey = mule

34

What are the three methods for isolation?

Geography
Time
Behavioral isolation

35

What is important in geography isolation

12 island 200 miles away from each other

36

How does different species get to other islands

Fly swim float
Causes random by chance

37

What is important in time isolation

17 year sekatas
Live in the ground then come up
12 year sekatas only have sex when they are adults
Only come out at the same time every couple years to make babies

38

What is evolution

Change of life over time

39

What methods of the three are choice?

Behavioral

40

What are the five races of humans

Black
White
Brown
Yellow
Red

41

Is the baby of two different races fertile?

Yes

42

What are some examples of human speciation

Wheel
Moat
Started moving
Wars

43

What mechanism took over geography isolation

Behavioral isolation

44

What took over black brown or yellow

French German Italian

45

Did chimps become men.

No

46

Are chimps and men common ancestors

Yes

47

What is the two wave theories

Migration

48

Whoa happens in east Africa

They are hunters and they go and wonder
Every year they go one mile
So in 1000 years they go 1000 miles

49

Where did some of the people migrate to

Europe
Africa
Asia

50

What is happening in geographic isolation when humans are involved

Different environments evolve

51

What did people look like to evolve to colder temperatures

Short
stalky
heavy nostrils
Not inventive

52

What happened in Africa

Good problem solvers
Neanderthals
One elephant 12 ,men
Taught them how to hunt

53

What happens when the ice ages hits

Makes Middle East dry
No gene flow

54

What happens when ice age stops

Who is us
3-5 different species
Run into other species and try to kill them
Wiped out by competition

55

What happens to remaining individuals

Splits into five races

56

What are plants

Eukaryotic
multicellular
not motile
and photosynthetic

57

What happens if there are no plants?

There are no animals

58

Photosynthesis make oxygen and sugar

Life and death

59

What are some major extinctions

Darkness
Dinosaurs
Great Depression

60

How old is agriculture

10,000 years
And they were before hunter and gathers

61

After there were seven billion people what happened to agriculture

Not all agriculture died but a lot

62

What happens after the Great Depression

There was only one percent of farmers left in America

63

What happens in vertical farming

Make tall buildings in the city
Haul in dirt and make food
Would not work

64

What types of products lead back to plants

Paper
Wood house
Clothes
Bottle

65

What percent of medicine come from plants

Fifty percent

66

How many named species of plants are there

300,000

67

What was life and land 50 million years ago

All life was in the ocean
All land was rock

68

What are the four types of plants

Mosses
Gynosperm
Angeosperm

69

Where does moss live

On the ground

70

What is ferns

It is vascular tissue
1. Xylem h2o up
2. Phloem sugar down
Gives advantages bc hight gives you light

71

What is gymnosperm

Naked seed
Gives you time to wait for better condition
Or eggs

72

How many angeosperm are there

250,00

73

What is an angeosperm

Flowering plants
Fruit

74

What does animal pollination give you

Flowers

75

What does fruit give you

Distribution

76

What are fruits

Anything with seeds

77

What are the two life cycles for plants

Homoeosporus
Heterosporus

78

In homeosprous what does the sperm and egg change into

Sporophyte

79

In homeosprous what does a sporophyte change into

Spores

80

In homeosprous what does a spore change into

Gametophytes

81

In homeosprous what does a gametophyte change into

Gametes

82

In heterosporous what does a sperm and egg change into

Sporophyte

83

In heterosporous what does a sporophyte change into

Mega and micro spores

84

What sexuality is a mega spore

FeMale

85

What sexuality is a micro spore

Male

86

In heterosporous what does mega and micro spores change into

Mega and micro gametophyte

87

In heterosporous what does mega and micro gametophytes change into

Mega changes into egg
And micro changes into sperm

88

Many plants are both

Asexual and sexual

89

What are perennials

Grows back year after year
Trees grass

90

What is annual

Grows once then dies

91

What is a biennial

Grows for two years
The first getting energy
Second acctually grows

92

Where do all plants grow at?

The tips

93

In primary growth where is plant growing

At the tip and away

94

Where does The plant grow in secondary growth

Body widens
Trees

95

What is a seed

Embryo that stores food with a protective cover

96

What is a root

It is there for anchorage
Absorption
And sometimes food storage

97

What is the primary root

The single large root

98

What is a lateral root

The little roots coming off the sides

99

What is the tip of each root

Meristem

100

What is the meristem the cite of

Mitosis

101

What does the root cap do

Protects

102

What are the root hairs

Single cells that have grown into soil increasing surface area of root

103

What is an example of a modified root

Carrot

104

What is an example of fibrous root

Grass
It doesn't have a main single root

105

What is the shoot system

Stem and leaves
Whole thing is shoot

106

Where is the vascular tissues

In stem

107

What part of the plant is for photosynthesis

Leaves

108

What are the two parts to a leaf

Blade does the work
Petals holds leaf on

109

What is in The tip of the stem

Terminal bud

110

What is the node

Leaf is attached

111

What is the internode

Between the nodes

112

What is at the crotch of the leaves

A bud

113

What is a cotyledon

Food storage organ

114

What are the flower parts

Lower uses the wind
Higher plants use. Animals

115

What is the receptical

Holds plant up

116

What are the four layers of the plant

Sepal
Petals
Anther
Filament

117

What are. The two parts that Are fertile

Anther
Pistol

118

What are the two parts that are sterile

Sepal
Petals

119

What is the Sepal

Protects unopened buds

120

What is the petals

Visual partners

121

What does the anther do

Makes pollen

122

What does the filament do

Holds anther in the air

123

What does pollen contain

Sperm

124

Where does pollination occur and where the pollen lands

Stigma

125

What is the style

Holds stigma in the air

126

What is the base that contains ovuals

Ovary

127

When does fertilization occur

When pollen goes through tube into ovule

128

What is a plant that has all four layers

Complete

129

What happens if a plant is missing one or more layers

Incomplete

130

What happens if the plant has both sexual parts

Perfect

131

Missing one or more parts

Imperfect

132

Can a flower be incomplete and perfect

Yes

133

Can a flower be imperfect and incomplete

No

134

What is the formula for photosynthesis

CO2+H2O-> sugar + O2

The arrow is light

135

How many carbons do you need to make one sugar

Six

136

What is fluid that grand is floating in

Stroma

137

What reaction does stroma do

Dark

138

What does the light reaction make

ATP
NADPH

139

What is the photosynthetic pigment

Chlorophyll

140

What reaction does grana do

Light

141

What color do plants not use

Green

142

What is the cite of photosynthesis

Chloroplasts

143

What is the Calvin cycle

RUBP+CO2 = PGA

144

What can't make sugar

PGA

145

PGA must use what to make PGALL

ATP and NADPH

146

What is PGALL

Sugar

147

What does PGALL turn into

Sugar and RUBP