6. Nutritional/Metabolic/Endocrine Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 6. Nutritional/Metabolic/Endocrine Deck (92)
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1

most common metabolic bone
disorder

Osteoporosis

2

low bone mass
and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue, with a
consequent increase in bone fragility and susceptibility to fracture"

Osteoporosis

3

Reduction of bone
quantity of otherwise normal bone

Osteoporosis

4

poverty of
bone with increased
radiolucency

Osteopenia

5

decreased bone
density in majority of skeleton, especially axial and proximal long bones

Generalized Osteoporosis:

6

Complex Regional Pain Syndrome and Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy
Syndrome is also called

Sudeck’s atrophy

7

T1 -MR of hips
shows a diffuse zone of low signal intensity in the femoral
head and neck consistent with
marrow edema

Transient Osteoporosis of Hip (TOH)

8

Localized Osteoporosis

focal loss of bone density affecting
a small area of bone

9

bone mass decreases at what age

35 yo

10

Complications of osteoporosis include

Spinal compression fractures, Increasing thoracic kyphosis and other fractures

11

effective to restore AS posture

spine osteotomy

12

Subtrochanteric
femoral fractures are a complication of

Bisphosphonates

13

According to a 2009 Swedish study by
Aspberger, the incidence of mid femur stress
fracture is 50 times higher for patients on
_________ compared to untreated women

Bisphosphonates

14

Fosamax
and Actonel are

bisphosphonate drugs

15

if patient presents
with pain upon coughing, sneezing or straining, suspect

acute compression fracture

16

Progressive angular kyphotic deformity within 1 year of spinal compression fracture may result in

spinal
stenosis

17

are neurological abnormalities common with spinal compression fracture?

NO

18

Cement injected into vertebral body which usually provides
immediate/substantial
results in pain and function

Vertebroplasty

19

procedure consists of an image-guided
injection of polymethylmethacrylate
(PMMA), which is an acrylic bone cement
meant to stabilize and strengthen a
collapsing vertebral body

Percutaneous Vertebroplasty

20

uses balloon dilatation of vertebral body,
with subsequent instillation of polymethylmethacrylate.

Kyphoplasty

21

In Weightbearing Bones (vertebrae) there is preferential resorption of non-essential supporting
trabeculae and relative sparing of the major, ______
oriented stress trabeculae

vertical

22

why is Single Photon Absorptiometry unreliable?

High false negative rates

23

DEXA stands for

Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry

24

Dual Photon Absorptiometry is applied to the

spine and prox femur

25

DEXA scores are reported as

"T-scores" and "Z-scores."

26

comparison of a person's bone density with that of a healthy 30-year-old of the same sex.

T-score

27

comparison of a person's bone density with that of an average person of the same age and sex

Z-score

28

T-score of -1 and above

normal bone density

29

T-score of -1 to -2.5

osteopenia

30

T-score of -2.5 and below

osteoporosis.