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Flashcards in Alcohol and nutrition Deck (7)
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1

Alcohol is only absorbed in the small intestine.

False
20% is absorbed in the stomach

2

Why does food decrease peak Blood Alcohol Content (BAC)?

-food slows down gastric emptying
-feeding increases portal blood flow - faster metabolism
-first pass metabolism in the liver increase due to slower and prolonged absorption

3

How many calories are obtained from a gram of alcohol?

7 kcal

4

What roles does Thiamine (vitamine B1) play in the body?

ATP production
neuronal maintenance

5

What cancers do alcohol predispose to? (6)

breast
bowel
liver
mouth /throat
oesophageal
stomach

6

How does alcohol affect blood glucose?

-interferes with insulin, glucagon and hypoglycaemic medication

7

What are the characteristics of the Foetal alcohol syndrome?

abnormal appearance
low intelligence
impaired sight and hearing