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Flashcards in BC General OBGYN Deck (68):
1

An 18 year old university student presents to your office suffering from severe dysmenorrhea. Menarche occurred at age 14. she has had incapacitating pain during the first 2 days of her period for the last 4 years. She describes the pain as crampy, radiating to her back. Pelvic examination is normal. Which one of the following is the best choice for treatment of this condition?


Danazol
Dilatation and curettage
Oral contraceptive pill
Doxycycline
Medroxyprogesterone (Depo-Provera)


NSAIDS is initial Tx but in this question OCP is best answer;
Oral Contraceptive Pill
(Approach to dysmennorhea)

2

A 21-year-old female presented with high fever, rash, vomiting and diarrhea. Her pulse is rapid and threaded, and her blood pressure 70/50 mmHg. A diffuse generalized macular rash is noted. which of the following culture specimens will most likely lead to the correct diagnosis?
 
  - cerebrospinal fluid
-cervicovaginal secretions
-stool
  -sputum
-urine

- Cervicovaginal Secretions

-Fever, low BP and Rash is key point for Toxic Shock Syndrome.

-Organism; Staph Aureus, Exotoxin

-Cloxacillin tx

3

9 weeks pregnant with a copper-containing intrauterine device. The string is visible on exam. Which one of the following would be the most appropriate management.
 
 -Remove IUD immediately.
-laparoscopy to rule out ectopic pregnancy.
-Cut the string in the endocervix, allowing IUD to retract as pregnancy develops.
- Remove the device if signs of infection develop
- Leave device alone as there is no risk to the fetus/mother

- Remove IUD in first trimester

4

A full term baby, delivered by vaginal delivery, is noted to have a large cephalohematoma.  His birth weight is 4800 g. Which one of the following maternal factors is most likely to have contributed to the baby's clinical condition?
 

A - diabetes mellitus
B - Maternal substance use
C - Maternal age and obesity
D- Graves disease
E - Preeclampsia

- Diabetes Mellitus

5

70-year-old woman has a protrusion into her anterior vagina. She has a long history of urinary stress incontinence. Which one of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
 
  Cystocele
enterocele
  urethral diverticulum
  uterine myoma
  rectocele

Cystocele

(approach to incontinence)

6

Metrorrhagia in a 14-year-old girl is most often associated with
 
  - Ovulatory cycles
  - anovulatory cycles.
  - coagulaltion disorders.
  - short follicular phase.
- luteal phase defect

Anovulatory Bleed

7

 
15-year-old woman has experienced severe dysmenorrhea since menarche at age 13.
Which one of the following interventions should you recommend?
 
 
 
  - reassurance
  - NSAIDS
- diagnostic laparoscopy
- oral contraceptives
- narcotic analgesics

NSAIDs

8

The most common complication of epidural anesthesia for obstetrics is
 
  hemorrhage.
  hypoventilation.
  hypotension.
  hyperventilation
  infection

Hypotension

9

A 30-year-old woman presents with a 10-month history of amenorrhea and hot flushes. She denies any symptoms of pregnancy and the uterus is of normal size. The most appropriate diagnostic test to support a diagnosis of premature ovarian failure is
 
  - Alpha fetoprotein and chromosome analysis
  - serum LH and FSH
  - medroxyprogesterone withdrawal test.
  - diagnostic laparoscopy.
  - serum estradiol

Serum LH and FSH

Age <40 consider premature ovarian failure

Causes; Autoimmune, radiation of ovaries

Choose FSH over LH

10

 
46 yo woman with right foot drop, post lithotomy position transvaginal Hysterectomy. Which nerve is most likely to have been injured during the procedure?
 
  -peroneal
  -sural
  -tibial
  -saphenous
  -femoral

Common personeal nerve

(foot drop = weak dorsiflexion)

11

At 20 weeks' gestation in a normal, singleton pregnancy, the fundus is usually
 
  -between the symphysis pubis and the umbilicus.
  -just above the symphysis pubis.
  -not palpable.
  -at or near the umbilicus.
  -4 to 6 cm above the umbilicus.

At or near the umbilicus

12

Menopause maybe associated with each of the following EXCEPT

  -vasomotor symptoms.
  -vaginal mucosa atrophy
  -urethral mucosa atrophy
- osteoporosis
-increase appetite

Increase Appetite

13

most common retinal change associated with pregnancy-induced hypertension is
 
  detachment.
  hemorrhage.
  exudates.
  spasm of arterioles.
  papilledema.

arteriole spasms

14

A 25-year-old multiparous woman is admitted to the delivery room at 31 weeks' gestation with a 1-hour history of vaginal bleeding. She has painful uterine contractions, with poor uterine relaxation. The most probable diagnosis is
 
  - blood-stained show.
  - vasa previa.
  - placenta previa.
  - abruptio placentae.
  - uterine rupture.

Abruptio Placenta

Painful Vag Bleeding (abruptio)

Painful Vag Bleeding (previa's)

15

35 year old recent immigrant to Canada presented in labor. She has had no prenatal care. You decide to give her anti-Rh Ig (RhoGam) to prevent which one of the following in subsequent pregnancies.
 
- T cell immune deficiency syndrome
 - neonatal lupus
 - hemolytic disease of the newborn
-  hypogammaglobulinemia
- immunodeficiency

Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn

Give rhogam if Rh- (i.e. O-)

if Rh -ve and Ab +ve then likely will have had rhogam already (get antibody titres to see what is actually happening)

16

27-year-old, 32 weeks pregnant comes to the office because she is concerned about feeling no fetal movements for the past two days. Which one of the following is the method of choice in assessing fetal death?
 
 persistent absence of fetal movements
 amniocentesis for examination of amniotic fluid
 real-time ultrasound assessment for cardiac motion
 change in positive serum pregnancy test to negative
abdominal x-ray examination of the fetus

'ANSWER: Ultrasound for cardiac Motion

Concepts;
Need to feel 6 mvmts in 2hrs after 26wk

17

28-year-old woman who is 38 weeks pregnant with her third child is having regular uterine contractions every two to five minutes. Which one of the following is the best criterion for assessing if she has entered the active phase of labour?
 
The contraction duration is over 30 seconds.
The presenting part is low in the pelvis.
The membranes are ruptured.
The cervix is effaced over 90%.
The cervical dilation is at least 4 cm.

ANSWER; Cervical Dilation is at least 4cm

Concepts; Stages of Labour
First Stage of labour (latent/active)
Latent; to 4cm
Active from 4cm to 10cm
Second Stage
delivery

18

60-year-old post menopausal presents with vaginal bleeding of one week duration. Which one of the following is the diagnostic method of choice?

- colposcopy  
- Pap smear
- Diagnostic laparoscopy
- endometrial biopsy
- dilatation and curretage

Endometrial Bx

Most likely Cause; atrophic Vaginitis

Need to R/o; endometrial ca

19

 35-year-old woman presents to the Emergency Department with a 6-hour history of intermittent severe crampy right lower quadrant pain. The patient is vomiting and is afebrile. There is a right adnexal tender mass on pelvic examination. The white blood cell count is 16 x 109/L per high power field; urinalysis is within normal limits; and the beta human chorionic gonadotropin (ß-HCG) is negative. The most probable diagnosis is
 
- right ovarian endometrioma.
- acute appendicitis.
- acute salpingitis.
- torsion of a right ovarian cyst.
- right pyelonephritis.

Torsion of R ovarian cyst.


Approach to Pelvic Masses


After 6h can lose ovary, pain out of proportion to physical findings.

20

40-year-old woman, gravida 2, para 2, complains of progressive secondary dysmenorrhea and menorrhagia.  Pelvic examination demonstrates a firm, diffuse symmetrically enlarged uterus  The most likely diagnosis
 
-Endometritis
-Adenomyosis
-Leiomyoma
-Endometriosis
-Uterine Sarcoma

Adenomyosis (glands and stroma implant in myometrium and cause symmetrical bulky uterus)

Leiomyoma; not symmetrically bulky
Endometriosis; not usually bulky and no increased bleeding. (implants to thorax; lungs)


Most common cause of primary dysmenorrhea
-Ovulatory

Most Common cause of secondary Dysmennorhea
- Endometriosis

21

 The current best management of a pregnant woman with a past history of herpes simplex genital infection on the inner labia minora?
 
-Cesarean section if lesions are present at time of labor.
-Cesarean section only if herpes culture positive.
-Elective cesarean section at 38 weeks in all cases.
-Daily application of topical acyclovir to site of previous lesions.
-CVaginal delivery in all cases.

CS if lesions present.


introduce suppression at 36wk

22

A 21-year-old asymptomatic woman is seen for routine examination.  You are able to palpate a 4-cm diameter right-sided cystic adnexal mass.  The appropriate management is
 
-trans-vaginal aspiration.
-gonadotropin-releasing --hormone (GnRH) agonist.
-laparoscopy.
-pelvic ultrasound examination
-reassessment in 1 month

Pelvic Ultrasound Exam


If it is a cyst and 6cm refer
If Cyst <6cm repeat in 6wk

23

Which of the following physiologic changes occurs during a normal pregnancy?

-hypertension
-metabolic alkalosis
-Hyperuricemia
-40% increase in the glomerular filtration rate (GFR)
-proteinuria

40% increase in the glomerular filtration rate (GFR)

OTHER;
- WBC can go up in 2nd trimester (usually not above 15)
-

24

Where does endometriosis implant outside of the pelvis?

Thorax; Pleura (causing pneumothorax, needs VAT)

25

When do you introduce suppressive therapy in HSV

36wk gestation

26

Oligohydramnios is associated with which one of the following fetal conditions?
 
- talipes equinovarus (club foot)
- Down syndrome
- fetal erythroblastosis
- tracheo-esophageal fistula
- anencephaly

Club Foot

Most common cause; Renal Agenesis


If <5cm AFI = oligohydramnios
If >25cm AFI = polyhydramnios

Single deep pocket <2cm = oligohydramnios
Single deep pocket >8cm = polyhydramnios

27

 
A 72-year-old woman complains of a lump protruding through the vagina with local pressure symptoms.  On examination, there is a visible uterine prolapse.  All of the following may be etiologic factors, EXCEPT

-history of large babies.
-postmenopausal status.
-stress urinary incontinence.
-chronic smoking.
-multiparity.

Stress Urinary Incontinence

Other;

28

30-year-old woman with regular menses presents with a 18 months history of primary infertility. Her husband has fathered two children from a previous marriage. A history of possible pelvic inflammatory disease. Temperature graphs are compatible with ovulatory cycles. Pelvic examination N. The most important further investigation would be

- endometrial biopsy.
- hysterosalpingogram.
- lupus anticoagulant.
- semen analysis.
- postcoital test.

Hysterosalpingogram

29

38-year-old woman gravida 3, with 2 healthy twins presented 30 week to the obstetric unit with onset of painless vaginal bleeding two hours ago, accompanied by passage of significant blood and clots. Fetal heart rate is regular at 150 beats/minute. She is having no uterine contractions. Which one of the following is the most likely diagnosis?

- vasa previa
- disseminated intravascular coagulation
- abruptio placentae
- placenta previa
- bloody show

Placenta Previa

CONCEPT
>37wk Term
<37wk Preterm
N fetal HR 110 - 160

Vasa Previa; Vilamentous insertion of the cord

30

 A 32-year-old pregnant woman develops sudden onset of dyspnea and tachycardia.  Which one of the following is the most likely explanation?

-acute mitral valve regurgitation
-myocardial infarction
-lobar pneumonia
-pulmonary embolism
-acute respiratory distress syndrome

PE

31

A 56-year-old patient is complaining of hot flushes, sweating, and sleep disturbance. Refuses HRT. Wants Herbal. Which one of the following natural products is most likely to help her symptoms?
 
-coenzyme Q10
-Bilberry
-Ginseng
-Evening primrose oil
-Kava

Evening Primrose Oil

32

A 43-year-old woman with a family history of osteoporosis seeks counseling.  Which statement is true regarding an increased risk of osteoporosis?
 
-women with regular physical exercise
-white women with a late menopause
-black women with a late menopause
-white women with larger bone mass
-women with history of cigarette smoking

Women with hx of cig smoking.

33

which one of the following nerve blocks is recommended for pain control in labor, for women who decline epidural?
 
-inferior gluteal nerve
-pelvic sympathetic nerve
-obturator nerve
-pelvic splanchnic nerve
-pudendal nerve

'Pudendal Nerve

34

Causes of female stress incontinence include all of the following EXCEPT
 
-trauma from repeated deliveries.
-procidentia.
-chronic bronchitis.
-weakness of the urethral supports.
-estrogen deficiency

Weakness of urethral support

35

 
27 year old nulligravid woman with epilepsy comes for pre-conceptional counselling.  She is taking phenytoin and carbamazepine and has been five weeks seizure-free.  What advice should you give her?

-The risk of anomalies exceeds that of untreated epilepsy if she continues her medication.
- The benefits of the drugs outweigh the risks, and pregnancy may be attempted.
- The fetal hydantoin syndrome is mostly familial
- There is no significant increased risk of anomalies.
- She needs anticonvulsants and should therefore not undertake pregnancy.

The benefits of the drugs outweigh the risks, and pregnancy may be attempted.

36

A 27-year-old woman gravida 2 presented at 6 weeks of pregnancy . She has a history of DVT and PE 6 years ago during her first pregnancy.  She was treated with intravenous heparin followed by several months of oral warfarin and has had no recurrence since.  Which of the following statements about her current condition is true?

-Doppler ultrasonography is not a useful to evaluate her for deep venous thrombosis in pregnancy.
- Her risk of thromboembolism is not greater than normal
- she should be placed on low-dose heparin therapy throughout her pregnancy and postpartum period
- She is at highest risk for recurrent thromboembolism during the second trimester of pregnancy.
- Impedance plethysmography is not useful to evaluate her for deep venous thrombosis in pregnancy.

She should be placed on low-dose heparin therapy throughout her pregnancy and postpartum period

37

39-year-old mother of five who is currently 5 weeks pregnant and has had one previous abortion and one previous twin gestation.  Which one of the following is her gravidity and parity?

gravida 6, para 4
gravida 4, para 4
gravida 5, para 4
gravida 5, para 3
gravida 6, para 3

Gravida 6 Para 4

38

What is the biggest RF for infertility?

multiple sexual partners (PID)

39

Which one of the following hormones is responsible for the proliferation of the milk ducts during pregnancy?

-human placental lactogen
-progesterone
-estrogen
-human chorionic gonadotropin
-prolactin

Estrogen

40

 32-year-old physician presents with a long standing history of irregular menstrual periods associated with severe pelvic pain and menorrhagia. She has also been experiencing dyspareunia and pain during defecation.  Which one of the following is most likely to assist you in diagnosing this patient's condition?

-Hysterosalpingogram (HSG)
-Pelvic examination
-Culdocentesis during menses
-Clinical history
-Laparoscopy

Laparoscopy


Most common cause of secondary dysmennorhia; endometriosis

41

 A 39 year old at 18 weeks gestation is diagnosed as having an intrauterine fetal demise.  She returns to your office 5 weeks later and has not had a miscarriage, although she has had some occasional spotting.  This patient is at increased risk for which of the following?

-Consumptive coagulopathy with hypofibrinogenemia
-Future infertility
-Recurrent abortions
-Septic abortion
-Ectopic pregnancies

Consumptive coagulopathy with hypofibringenemia

42

The ovarian lesion most likely to undergo torsion is

- an endometrial cyst.
- a dermoid cyst.
- a papillary serous cystadenocarcinoma.
- an inflammatory cyst.
- a papillary pseudomucinous cystadenoma.

Dermoid Cyst

43

A 25 year old woman is diagnosed with endometriosis. Which one of the following is the commonest site of this disease outside of the pelvis?

- Lung
- Liver
- Pleura
- Gastrointestinal tract
- Kidney

Pleura

44

You have a 57 year old patient who is complaining a vasomotor and vulvovaginal symptoms associated with menopause. There is a family history of both dementia and cardiovascular disease. Which one of the following will hormone replacement therapy prevent?

-Cognitive decline
-Cardiovascular disease
-Breast cancer
-Vulvovaginal and Vasomotor symptoms
-Depression

Vulvovaginal and Vasomotor Sx

45

An 18 year old university student presents to your office suffering from severe dysmenorrhea. Menarche occurred at age 14. she has had incapacitating pain during the first 2 days of her period for the last 2 years. She describes the pain as crampy, radiating to her back. Pelvic examination is normal. Which one of the following is the best choice for treatment of this condition?

Dilatation and curettage
Medroxyprogesterone (Depo-Provera)
Oral contraceptive pill
Doxycycline
Danazol

OCP

46

A 17 year old female presents with pain and swelling of her right knee and no other symptoms. X ray shows joint effusion. She has been sexually active since she was 15 and is seeing a gynecologist for follow up of cervical dysplasia. Rheumatoid factor was negative. Which one of the following is the most likely diagnosis?

Gouty arthritis
Systemic lupus erythematosus
Pseudogout
Gonococcal arthritis
Osteoarthritis

Gonococcal Arthritis

if pustular lesions still pick gonococcal.

47

A 17 year old woman with twin pregnancy is referred to your practice at 18 weeks of gestation. Which one of the following complications is most likely to occur in this patient?


Gestational diabetes
Pregnancy-related hypertension
Placenta previa
Deep venous thrombosis
Recurrent UTI

PIH

(both previa and PIH are more common in twin pregnancies)

48

29 year old woman presents with cauliflower like lesions of the external genitalia, vagina and cervix. They are between 1 and 5 mm in diameter, discrete and nontender. The lesions are most likely caused by which one of the following?

-Herpes simplex
-Chlamydia trachomatis
-Haemophilus ducreyi
-HPV
-Gonorrhea

HPV

(HPV 18 causes cervical cancer more than 16)

49

A 25 year old woman has tried unsuccessfully for 5 months to become pregnant. which one of the following would you recommend at this time?

Hysterogram
Diagnostic laparoscopy
Semen analysis
Endometrial biopsy
Counselling and reassurance

Counselling/reassurance

50

33 year primigravida presents at 34 weeks gestational age with blood pressure of 160/90 mmHg, headache, epigastric pain, visual abnormalities and 3 proteinuria. Biophysical profile of the fetus is 8/8. Which one of the following is the best course of action?

-Induced labour and attempt vaginal delivery
-Give betaclomethasone to induce fetal lung maturity
-Perform an emergency C-section
-Perform an amniocentesis to assess fetal lung maturity
-Start magnesium sulfate intravenously.

Emergency C/S is BEST

Mag sulf is initial


Severe Preeclampsia;
-HA, blurry vision, epigastric pain, HELLP

51

Low to normal FSH are found in patients with

-Pure gonadal dysgenesis
-Anorexia nervosa
-Premature ovarian failure
-Resistant ovary syndrome
-Previous pelvic radiotherapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma

Anorexia Nervosa

Hypothalamic amenorrhea will give you a low FSH. Causes of hypothalamic amenorrhea; stress, anorexia

52

27 year old Caucasian female, gravida 3 para 3, had a tubal cautery via laparoscopy. 36 hr later surgery she complains of abdominal pain and nausea, has a temperature 38.6 C, and has a somewhat distended abdomen. Which of the following is the most probable diagnosis?

-Hemorrhage from the tube
-PID
-Bowel burn
-Bowel puncture
-Tubal abortion

Bowel Perf

53

29 year old woman is currently 8 weeks pregnant. She is HBsAg positive and is concerned about the risk of transmission to the baby. Which one of the following is the most appropriate course to follow?


-C section at term
-Avoid breast-feeding
-Immediate termination of pregnancy
-Administer Hepatitis B vaccine to the baby at birth
-Administer passive immunization to the baby followed by Hep B vaccine at birth.

Administer passive immunization (immunoglobulin) to the baby followed by Hep B vaccine at birth. (and Hep B and 1/6 months)


HbsAg = positive person

When baby is born give immunoglobulin and vaccine at delivery and vaccine at 1 month and 6 months

54

Fetal ultrasonography at 13 weeks gestation reveals a cystic hygroma of the neck. Which one the following karyotypes is most likely?

-XO
-XXY
-XO/XX
-XX/XY
-XO/XY

XO


Turners Syndrome = XO
Cystic Hydroma = Turners syndrome

55

27 year old woman in her first trimester of pregnancy is diagnosed as having deep venous thrombosis in her left lower extremity. Which one of the following is the most appropriate therapy?

-Dipyridamole
-Heparin
-Clopidogrel
-Warfarin
-Streptokinase

Heparin

Cannot use NOACs in pregnancy
Only Heparin/LMWH

56

A 29 year old woman presents in labor at 40 weeks of gestation. Upon artificial membrane rupture. There are a several milliters of blood in addition to the amniotic fluid. Within minutes, fetal tachycardia develops. There is no change in the contraction pattern or in maternal discomfort. Which one of the following is the most likely diagnosis?

-Placenta previa
-Marginal sinus bleeding
-Vasa previa
-Abruptio placentae
-Rupture of cervical varix

Vasa Previa


Painless bleeding >20wk (previa's)

57

Which one of the following is the most common cause of asymptomatic vaginal ulceration or erosion?


-Toxic epidermal necrolysis
-Herpes genitalis
-Vaginal carcinoma
-Tampons
-Bacterial vaginosis

Tampons vs BV

58

22 year old woman in her first trimester of the pregnancy develops a urinary tract infection. Which one of the following antibiotics would be best to prescribe in this situation?

Nitrofurantoin
ciprofloxacine
Ampicillin
Doxycycline
Trimethoprime sulfamethoxazole

Nitrofurantoin

59

A 27 year old woman who is 15 weeks pregnant with her first child presents to the office with exquisitely painful, blister-like lesions on her labia. She had similar episodes before pregnancy. Her temperature is normal. Which one of following statements about her pregnancy is TRUE?

Transplacental transmission to her fetus is a significant concern
She should undergo cesarean section to protect her infant from infection
Her fetus has an increased risk of congenital malformations
Breast-feeding of her infant is probably unsafe.
Decisions regarding route of delivery are best made at onset of labour.

Decisions regarding route of delivery are best made at onset of labour.

OTHER:
Suppression at 36wk or C/S if lesions present



CONCEPT; Approach to genital ulcer

Painless;
- HPV (cauliflower Lesion)
Syphillis
(trep Pallidum; chancre, dark field microscropy; spirochetes, single lesion), incubation period for primary syphillis is 45 weeks, secondary syphillis incub period


Painful;
Genital herpes
Chancroid (haemophylis ducryei)
Lymphogranuloma vereneum

60

In screening for cervical neoplasia, which one of the following statements about the papnicolau test is correct?

-It is not necessary following hysterectomy
-It has a low false negative rate
-It should always include an endocervical component
-It should not cause cervical bleeding
-It is best done in the premenstrual phase of the cycle.

It is best done in the premenstrual phase of the cycle.

61

Which factor brings the most increased risk for ectopic pregnancy?


Intrauterine device (IUD) in place
Tubal ligation in the last two years
Stage 1 endometriosis proven by laparoscopy
History of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
History of diethylstillbestrol (DES) exposure in utero

History of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) (40 - 50%)

62

Which one of the following is the most important risk factor for maternal death?


Advanced maternal age
Prolonged labor
Age at first pregnancy
Post-term pregnancy
Previous caesarean section

Advanced Maternal Age

63

27 year old woman complains of light vaginal spotting for 6 days. Although her menstrual cycles occur normally every 28 days, she states that her last menstrual period was 7 weeks ago, she has noted breast tenderness, nausea and some left lower quadrant abdominal discomfort. On pelvic examination, the uterus is noted to be soft, slightly enlarged and the adnexae are palpably normal. Serum human chorionic gonadotropin is 6,800 units. Vaginal ultrasound reveals no intrauterine gestational sac. The most diagnosis is


-Ectopic pregnancy
-Missed abortion
-Implantation bleeding and inaccurate pregnancy dating.
-Incomplete abortion
-Threatened abortion

Implantation bleeding and inaccurate pregnancy dating.


BHcg Level for Intrauterine Preg is:
- Transvag US 1500
- Transabdo US 6500

64

A 22 year old woman presents with 7.5 hour history of right lower quadrant pain of sudden onset. The pain is continuous in character. At the time of being seen, she also has pain in the right shoulder. From this history alone, which one of the following is the most likely diagnosis?


-Rupture ovarian cyst
-Rupture appendix
-Rupture ectopic pregnancy
-Acute cholecystitis
-Salpingitis

Ruptured Ectopic


Kehr Sign; Shoulder pain/ belly pain (irritated diaphragm)

65

38 year old woman at 38 weeks gestation reports that her fetus has not moved for almost 22 hours. Which of the following would be the most appropriate action at this time?


-Immediate caesarean delivery
-Oxytocin stress test
-Immediate induction of labour with oxytocin
-Biophysical profile
- Reassurance, with instructions to return the next day

BPP

66

A 25-year-old G 2, A1 at 14 weeks' gestation is Rh negative and, anti-D antibodies are identified. What is the appropriate next step?


-Initial serial obstetric ultrasound assessments
-Asses the antibody titer
-Reassess her is 4 weeks
-Refer her for serial aminiocentesis
-Give her 300 units of Rh immune globulin intramuscularly

Assess Antibody Titre


Test to see if maternal fetal hemorrhage

67

The best plan of management of a pregnant woman with a past history of herpes simplex genital infection is


-Vaginal delivery
-Cervical culture at 2 wks interval from week 22
-Observe for lesions at the time of labor
-Elective caesarean section
-Prophylactic topical acyclovir

Observe for lesions at time of labour

68

A 33-year-old G2P1 at 10 wks' for prenatal counseling. Her first child has Down syndrome, and she wants to know if this baby is affected. Which one of the following is diagnostic?

-Parental karyotype
-Maternal serum screen at 16-18weeks
-Maternal serum screen at 11-13 weeks
-Nuchal translucency at 11-14 weeks
-Amniocentesis

Amniocentesis


First trimester screen at 10 - 12wk
MSS at 16 - 18wk