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KZ Obs/Gyne > Infertility > Flashcards

Flashcards in Infertility Deck (3)
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Define Infertility

is defined as the inability of a couple to conceive after one year of intercourse without contraception. Both partners must be investigated


Causes of female infertility

a)Ovulatory dysfunction (e.g., hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, polycystic ovarian syndrome)
b)Tubal and peritoneal abnormalities (e.g., pelvic inflammatory disease [PID])
c)Uterine and cervical factors (e.g., fibroids)


Causes of male infertility

a)Testicular dysfunction (e.g., hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, viral orchitis)
b)Post-testicular dysfunction (e.g., abnormal sperm transport)