BC Pelvic Prolapse/ Vag DC/Vag Pruritis Flashcards Preview

KZ Obs/Gyne > BC Pelvic Prolapse/ Vag DC/Vag Pruritis > Flashcards

Flashcards in BC Pelvic Prolapse/ Vag DC/Vag Pruritis Deck (25):
1

What are risk factors for incontinence?

Obesity, Parity, Mode of Delivery, Age, Smoking

2

What are the mechanism of Stress incontinence?

Urethral hypermobility, intrinsic sphincteric deficiency

3

What is urethral hyper mobility thought to stem from?

insufficiency support of the pelvic floor musculature and vaginal connective tissue to the urethre and bladder neck.

4

What is the strongest risk factor for incontinence?

obesity

5

A 63-year-old G4P2 female, presents with a 2-year history of having “something bulging" out of her vagina during straining. She is not emptying her bladder completely and often "double voids." She denies any urinary incontinence or gastrointestinal symptoms. Past gynecologic history is significant only for an abdominal hysterectomy and oophorectomy.

What is the most likely diagnosis?

a)Rectocele.
b)Cystocele.
c)Enterocele.
d)Detrusor dyssynergia.
e)Procidentia.

Cystocele

6

54 year old multipara with a connective tissue disorder, presents with the physical findings of a rectocele

Which of the following symptoms, would you most likely elicit from her ?

A- constipation
B- diarrhea
C- the need for digital decompression of the bulge to defecate
D- dyspareunia
E- Vaginal bleeding

C-the need for digital decompression of the bulge to defecate

7

Which one of the following findings on pelvic
examination is compatible with a diagnosis of
procidentia?

a)The patient is asked to “bear down” during pelvic ultrasound to confirm that it is the uterus that descends and not some other structure.
b)An ulcerated solid mass is visible at the introitus.
c)The cervix is elongated to such an extent that it readily protrudes beyond the introitus when the patient is asked to “bear down”.
d)A visible lump is seen to protrude through the introitus when the patient is asked to “bear down”.
e)The uterus descends below the introitus with or without the patient standing.

e)The uterus descends below the introitus with
or without the patient standing.

8

An 85 year old G5P5 female presents to your office
with difficulty voiding and dysuria of 6 months
duration. On examination, you observe the cervix is
at the level of the introitus. Which one of the
following would be the best initial management?

a)Oral anticholinergics
b)Vaginal hysterectomy
c)Pelvic floor exercises
d)Insertion of a pessary
e)Oral antibiotics

d)Insertion of a pessary

9

When do you get the positive amine test?

In BV (positive whiff test with addition of KOH prep) fishy odor

10

How do you diagnose candida

KOH wet mount reveals hyphe and spores

11

What does saline wet mount with clue cells mean

BV (squamous epithelial cells dotted with coccobacilli (gardnerlla)

12

How do you treat BV

oral metronidazole, topical metronidazole

13

How do you manage candida in pregnancy

Treatment in pregnancy is usually topical.

14

What are problems with asymptomatic BV in pregnancy?

recurrent perm labour, perm birth, postpartum endometritis

15

How do you diagnose thrichomoniasis

Saline wet mount

16

What do you see on saline wet mount of trichomoniasis?

multi flagellated organisms.

17

What is the ddx of vag dc?

vulvovaginitis, STI

18

what is the incubation period for herpes?

2- 7d

19

What is the incubation period for syphillis?

7 - 90d

20

What is the incubation period for chancroid

3 - 10d

21

What are two painful genital ulcers?

HSV and chancroid

22

What are painless genital ulcers?

Syphillis, lymphogranuloma vereneum

23

What causes chancroid?

haemophilus decreyi

24

What causes syphillis?

Treponema pallidum

25

What causes lymphogranuloma vereneum?

Chlamydia trachomatis