Flashcards in Bone Surface Features Deck (19)
What are the four basic surface feature categories?
Elevations, depressions, tunnels or passageways & facets
What are the types of osseous elevations?
Linear, round and sharp
What are types of osseous linear elevations?
The line, ridge, and crest
What are types of rounded osseous elevations?
Tubercle, protuberance, trochanter, tuber or tuberosity and malleolus
What is the definition of an osseous trochanter?
a large, blunt projection from the surface of bone with a significant base and height
What is the definition of an osseous malleolus?
a hammerhead-like elevation on the surface of bone
What are categories of sharp osseous elevations?
Spine & Process
What are the categories of osseous depresions?
Linear and rounded depressions
What are the categories of osseous linear depression?
Notch or incisure, groove and sulcus
What are the categories of rounded osseous depressions?
The fovea and fossa
What are the names given to openings on the surface of bone?
Ostium or orfice and hiatus
What is the definition of an osseous hiatus?
An irregular opening on the surface of a bone
What are the names given to osseous ostia which completely penetrate bone?
Foramen or canal
What is the definition of an osseous canal
an ostium passing completely through a thick region of bone
What is the name given to an ostium which does not completely penetrate through a region of bone but appears as a blind-ended passageway?
What is the definition of an osseous fissure?
An irregular slit-like or crack-like appearance between the surfaces of adjacent bones
What are the categories of osseous facets?
Flat facets and rounded facets
What are the categories of rounded osseous facets?
Articular heads and articular condyles