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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (66)
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1

What is serum potassium?

Potassium helps in function of cells and muscles. Relevant to cardiac
Function.

2

How much of blood is plasma? In percent?

55%

3

What is 45% of blood made up of?

Red blood cells (hemoglobin)

4

What in blood is less than 1%?

White blood cells/platelets

5

What is serum made up of?

Everything in plasma except for the clotting factor

6

What is in plasma and their percentages? (3)

1. Water 90%
2. Protein 8%
3. Hormones 2%

7

What is included in the hormones portion of blood? (3)

1. Insulin
2. Electrolytes
3. Nutrients

8

Why are tubes color coded?

Depending on the additive

9

What do anticoagulants do?

Prevent clotting

10

Why are tubes drawn in a particular order?

To prevent contaminating later tubes

11

What does CBC stand for?

Complete blood count

12

What is the order of the draw? 8

1. Yellow SPS
2. Light blue
3. Gold, red tiger top, red, orange
4. Green, green tiger top
5. Lavender, purple
6. White
7. Gray
8. Others

13

What does AC stand for?

Anti-coagulant

14

What is SST?

Used for serum blood to clot. No additives. Serum separator tube

15

What does PST stand for?

Plasma separator tube

16

What is creatinine?

Protein in the body caused by muscle breakdown. Can indicate kidney dysfunction or MS

17

What is a PTT test? What is it for?

Partial thromboplastin time. Monitors heparin dosages

18

What is a PT test and what is it used for?

Prothrombin time test. Aid in diagnosing liver

19

What is HbA1c and what does it test?

Hemoglobin A1c/glycated hemoglobin test/glycohemoglobin. Tests glucose

20

What do Serum chemistries do?

Check Chem 7. Basic metabolic panel

21

What does the blood urea nitrogen (BUN) do?

A measure of kidney function

22

What is aerobic?

Bacteria that lives in the presence of oxygen

22

What is anaerobic?

Bacteria that lives in the absence of oxygen.

22

What is sodium for? 6

Values are indication of
1. kidney function,
2. diet,
3. hydration,
4. endocrine function and various types of trauma,
5. bleeding and
6. water retention problems

22

What is in the Orange tube?

Thrombin based clot activator

23

What is in the green tube?

Sodium or lithium heparin

24

What is the additive for in the green top?

Anticoagulant

25

What is the sample in the green top used for?

Plasma chemistry and electrolytes.

26

What is a common lab test for the green top tube?

Lactate - plasma tube

27

What is the additive for the green tiger top?

Lithium heparin - separation gel