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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (75)
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1

What is another name for the mouth?

Buccal cavity

2

What is another name for chewing?

Mastication

3

What is another name for the breakdown of food by enzymes?

Chemical digestion

4

What is another name for physical process of chewing?

Mechanical digestion

5

What is another name for the small ball-shaped mass of chewed, moistened food?

Bolus

6

What is another name for the muscular squeezing of the digestive tract to push food along the system?

Peristalsis

7

What is the thick liquid substance food becomes in the stomach?

Chyme

8

Where is the final set of chemical digestive enzymes found?

Pancreas

9

What is another name for large intestine?

Colin

10

Where are nutrients absorbed?

Small intestine

11

Where is water absorbed?

Large intestine

12

What does the endocrine system do?

Regulation of the body

13

What does the endocrine system use to regulate the body?

Hormones

14

What is another word for stable body referring to the endocrine system?

Homeostasis

15

What are the ovaries and testes called in relation to the endocrine system?

Gonads

16

What do endocrine glands do?

Release hormones both locally and systematically

17

What is the locally released hormone called?

Paracrine secretion

18

What does the gall bladder and liver do?

Digests fats

19

What does the pancreas do?

Secretes glucose

20

What are the organs of the digestive system? 9

1. Mouth
2. Esophagus
3. Stomach
4. Liver
5. Pancreas
6. Small intestine
7. Large intestine
8. Anus
9. Rectum

21

What is another name for pituitary gland?

Master gland

22

What is another name for hypothalamic gland?

Control center

23

What is the thyroid gland for?

Metabolism T3 and T4

24

What does the parathyroid do?

Regulates calcium

25

What are the two parts of the adrenal gland and what do they do?

Cortex - cortisol
Medulla - epi - fight or flight - adrenalin

26

What does the digestive system do?

Break down food into usable form of energy for the body

27

What does the immune system do?

Protects body from diseases

28

What is the antigen presentation?

Distinguishes you from everyone else

29

What do the lymphocytes do to the antigens?

Recognizes them as self or non-self

30

What is it called when one cell attacks another?

Apoptosis