Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (75)
What is another name for the mouth?
What is another name for chewing?
What is another name for the breakdown of food by enzymes?
What is another name for physical process of chewing?
What is another name for the small ball-shaped mass of chewed, moistened food?
What is another name for the muscular squeezing of the digestive tract to push food along the system?
What is the thick liquid substance food becomes in the stomach?
Where is the final set of chemical digestive enzymes found?
What is another name for large intestine?
Where are nutrients absorbed?
Where is water absorbed?
What does the endocrine system do?
Regulation of the body
What does the endocrine system use to regulate the body?
What is another word for stable body referring to the endocrine system?
What are the ovaries and testes called in relation to the endocrine system?
What do endocrine glands do?
Release hormones both locally and systematically
What is the locally released hormone called?
What does the gall bladder and liver do?
What does the pancreas do?
What are the organs of the digestive system? 9
6. Small intestine
7. Large intestine
What is another name for pituitary gland?
What is another name for hypothalamic gland?
What is the thyroid gland for?
Metabolism T3 and T4
What does the parathyroid do?
What are the two parts of the adrenal gland and what do they do?
Cortex - cortisol
Medulla - epi - fight or flight - adrenalin
What does the digestive system do?
Break down food into usable form of energy for the body
What does the immune system do?
Protects body from diseases
What is the antigen presentation?
Distinguishes you from everyone else
What do the lymphocytes do to the antigens?
Recognizes them as self or non-self