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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (50)
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1

What are the two systems of the circulatory system?

Lymphatic and cardiovascular

2

Where does the lymphatic system transport pathogens to?

Lymph nodes

3

What does the circulatory system do that is unique?

It touches every other system on a cell by cell basis

4

What is the positive of phlebotomy?

One of the safest diagnostic methods we have.

5

What are capillaries?

Site at which cells exchange products of metabolism with adjoining cells

6

How does the cardiovascular system work with veins and arteries?

Arteries distribute blood away
From the heart and bring it back by way of veins.

7

What helps the blood get re-oxygenated?

The respiratory system

8

What are aterioles?

Last small branches of the arterial system and can dilute and contract depending on how much oxygen the tissue needs

9

What is coagulation?

Chemical reactions take place at the site of vascular injury to protect the vessel walls

10

What is it called when arteries join each other?

Bifurcation

11

What is it called where veins join together?

Confluence

12

What is the fluid between the cells of the human body known as?

Lymph

13

What is the left chest area called?

Thorax

14

What are the two upper chambers of the heart called?

Atria

15

What are the lower chambers of the heart called?

Ventricles

16

What is the outer layer of the heart called?

Epicardium

17

What is the middle layer of the heart called?

Myocardium

18

What is the epicardium do?

Contains the coronary arteries which supply the muscle of the heart with blood.

19

What does the myocardium do?

Responsible for the contraction of the cardiac chambers.

20

What is the inner layer of the heart called?

Endocardium

21

What does the endocardium do?

Smooth surface keeps blood from clotting.

22

What is a stroke?

Complete or partial obstruction of the cerebral arteries.

23

What is the fibrous fluid-filled sac called?

Pericardium

24

What is the patients right side of the heart called?

Pulmonary system

25

What is the patients left side of the heart called?

Systemic circulation system

26

What does the superior vena cava do?

Collects deoxygenated blood from the upper body of the heart

27

What does the inferior vena cava do?

Collects deoxygenated blood from the lower body into the heart

28

What is blood pressure?

The force the aqueous blood exerts on the arterial walls as the heart contracts.

29

In the structure of blood vessels, is the tunica externa smaller in veins than arteries?

Yes

30

In the structure of the blood vessels , is the tunica media smaller in veins than arteries?

Yes