Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (50)
What are the two systems of the circulatory system?
Lymphatic and cardiovascular
Where does the lymphatic system transport pathogens to?
What does the circulatory system do that is unique?
It touches every other system on a cell by cell basis
What is the positive of phlebotomy?
One of the safest diagnostic methods we have.
What are capillaries?
Site at which cells exchange products of metabolism with adjoining cells
How does the cardiovascular system work with veins and arteries?
Arteries distribute blood away
From the heart and bring it back by way of veins.
What helps the blood get re-oxygenated?
The respiratory system
What are aterioles?
Last small branches of the arterial system and can dilute and contract depending on how much oxygen the tissue needs
What is coagulation?
Chemical reactions take place at the site of vascular injury to protect the vessel walls
What is it called when arteries join each other?
What is it called where veins join together?
What is the fluid between the cells of the human body known as?
What is the left chest area called?
What are the two upper chambers of the heart called?
What are the lower chambers of the heart called?
What is the outer layer of the heart called?
What is the middle layer of the heart called?
What is the epicardium do?
Contains the coronary arteries which supply the muscle of the heart with blood.
What does the myocardium do?
Responsible for the contraction of the cardiac chambers.
What is the inner layer of the heart called?
What does the endocardium do?
Smooth surface keeps blood from clotting.
What is a stroke?
Complete or partial obstruction of the cerebral arteries.
What is the fibrous fluid-filled sac called?
What is the patients right side of the heart called?
What is the patients left side of the heart called?
Systemic circulation system
What does the superior vena cava do?
Collects deoxygenated blood from the upper body of the heart
What does the inferior vena cava do?
Collects deoxygenated blood from the lower body into the heart
What is blood pressure?
The force the aqueous blood exerts on the arterial walls as the heart contracts.
In the structure of blood vessels, is the tunica externa smaller in veins than arteries?