Gluteal Region and Hip Joint Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Gluteal Region and Hip Joint Deck (60)
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1

What are the important angles in the femur?

Angle of inclination and angle of ante version (torsion)

2

What are the lateral rotators of the hip?

Gluteus Maximus, Piriformis, Obturator Internus, Gemelli and Quadratus femoris

3

What are the Medial rotators and abductors of the hip?

Gluteus Medius and Gluteus Minimus

4

What is the support muscle of the gluteal region?

Tensor fasciae latae

5

What is the proximal attachment of the Gluteus Maximus?

Sacrum, S/T ligament and ilium behind posterior gluteal line

6

What is the distal attachment of the Gluteus Maximus?

Iliotibial tract (3/4) and gluteal tuberosity of femur (1/4)

7

What is the function of gluteus maximus?

Extends hip and assures lateral rotation

8

What innervates the Gluteus Maximus?

Inferior Gluteal nerve (L5, S1 and S2)

9

What is the proximal attachment of the Tensor Fascia Latae?

Anterior iliac crest and ASIS

10

What is the distal attachment of the Tensor Fascia Latae?

Iliotibial tract

11

What is the function of the Tensor Fascia Latae?

Supports femur on tibia during standing

12

What innervates the Tensor Fasciae Latae?

Superior Gluteal nerve (L4, L5 and S1)

13

What is the proximal attachment of the Gluteus Medius?

Ilium between posterior and anterior gluteal lines

14

What is the distal attachment of the Gluteus Medius?

Greater trochanter of femur (lateral surface)

15

What is the function of the Gluteus Medius?

Abducts and medially rotates hip

16

What innervates the Gluteus Medius?

Superior gluteal nerve (L4, L5 and S1)

17

What is the proximal attachment of the Gluteus Minimus?

Ilium between anterior and inferior gluteal lines

18

What is the distal attachment of the Gluteus Minimus?

Greater trochanter of femur (anterior surface)

19

What is the function of the Gluteus Minimus?

Abducts and medially rotates hip

20

What innervates the Gluteus Minimus?

Superior gluteal nerve (L4, L5 and S1)

21

What is the proximal attachment of the Piriformis?

Anterior sacrum and S/T ligament

22

What is the distal attachment of the Piriformis?

Greater trochanter of femur (superior borer) passes through greater sciatic foramen

23

What is the function of the piriformis?

Laterally rotates hip

24

What innervates Piriformis?

Anterior rami of S1 and S2

25

What is the proximal attachment of the Obturator Internus?

Pelvic surface of Obturator membrane and surrounding bones

26

What is the distal attachment of the Obturator Internus?

Medial side of Greater trochanter (trochanteric fossa) passes through lesser sciatic foramen

27

What is the function of the Obturator Internus?

Laterally rotates hip

28

What innervates Obturator Internus?

Nerve to Obturator Internus (L5 and S1)

29

What is the proximal attachment of the Superior Gemelli?

Ischial spine

30

What is the proximal attachment of the Inferior Gemelli?

Ischial tuberosity