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Flashcards in Plantar Surface of the Foot Deck (59)
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1

The deep fascia in the foot goes weaker where?

Medial and Laterally

2

What is the deep fascia?

Thick central portion

3

What is formed by the central portion of the deep fascia?

Superficial ligament

4

What is found in the plantar aponeurosis?

Superficial ligament and vertical inter muscular septae

5

What is the proximal attachment of the plantar aponeurosis?

Calcaneus which divides into 5 bands distally and is continuous with fibrous digital sheaths

6

Where is the vertical inter muscular septae?

Medial, Central and Lateral compartment

7

What are the muscles of dorsal of foot?

Extensor Digitorum Brevis and Extensor Hallucis Brevis

8

What are the muscles of the little toe in the lateral compartment?

Abductor Digiti Minimi and Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis

9

What are the muscles of the great toe in the middle compartment?

Abductor Hallucis and Flexor Hallucis Brevis

10

What are the interossei?

Plantar and Dorsal interossei

11

What are the muscles in the central compartment?

Flexor Digitorum Brevis and Adductor Hallucis

12

What is the proximal attachment of the Abductor Hallucis?

Medial tubercle of Calcaneus and flexor retinaculum

13

What is the distal attachment of the Abductor Hallucis?

Medial base proximal phalanx

14

What is the proximal attachment of the Flexor Digitorum Brevis?

Medial tubercle of Calcaneus

15

What is the distal attachment of the Flexor Digitorum Brevis?

Middle phalanges of lateral 4 toes

16

What is the proximal attachment of the Abductor Digits Minimi?

Medial and lateral tubercle of Calcaneus

17

What is the distal attachment of the Abductor Digits Minimi?

Lateral base proximal phalanx

18

What are the muscles in the first layer of the foot?

Abductor Hallucis, Flexor digitorum Brevis and Abductor Digiti Minimi

19

What are is found in the second layer of the foot?

Lumbricals and Quadratus Plantae

20

What are the long flexor tendons to the toes?

Flexor digitorum longus and Flexor Hallucis longus

21

What is the proximal attachment of the lumbricals?

Tendons of the Flexor digitorum longus

22

What is the distal attachment of the lumbricals?

Medial side of dorsal tendon expansion

23

What is the proximal attachment of Quadratus Plantae?

Medial and lateral surfaces of Calcaneus

24

What is the distal attachment of the Quadratus Plantae?

Lateral side of Flexor digitorum longus tendon

25

How many lumbricals?

4

26

What is found in the 3rd layer of the foot?

Flexor hallucis brevis, Adductor Hallucis aan Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis

27

What is the proximal attachment of the Flexor Hallucis Brevis?

Cuboid and lateral cuneiform

28

What is the distal attachment of the Flexor Hallucis Brevis?

Both sides base proximal phalanx of hallux

29

What is the proximal attachment of Adductor Hallucis on the Transverse head?

Plantar ligament of MTP joints

30

What is the proximal attachment of Adductor Hallucis on the Oblique head?

Base metatarsals 2-4