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Flashcards in Joints of the Foot Deck (40)
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1

What are the arches of the foot?

Longitudinal and Transverse Arches

2

What are the functions of the arches?

Distribute weight
Act as shock absorbers
Act as Spring boards

3

Why do we have arches?

Weight bearing capabilities and resilience

4

What is the Transverse arch supported by?

Tendon of Tibialis Posterior,
Tendon of Peroneus Longus,
Adductor Hallucis muscle and Deep Transverse Metatarsal Ligament

5

What is apart of the Tarsal arch?

Tendon of TIbilais Posterior and Tendo of Peroneus Longus

6

What is apart of the metatarsal arch?

Adductor Hallucis

7

What is apart of the Anterior Arch?

Deep Transverse Metatarsal Ligament

8

What are the bones of the lateral arch?

Calcaneus, Cuboid, Metatarsals 4 and 5

9

What is the function of the lateral arch?

To rest on the ground when standing

10

What are the bones of the medial arch?

Calcaneus, Talus, Navicular, 3 cuneiforms, Metatarsals 1-3

11

Is the medial arch higher or lower than the lateral arch?

Higher

12

What is the dynamic support of the longitudinal arch?

Intrinsic muscles of foot, Flexor Hallucis Longus and Flexor Digitorum Longus

13

What is the passive support of the longitudinal arch?

Plantar Calcaneonavicular (spring) ligament,
Short plantar ligament (calcaneocuboid),
Long plantar ligament and Plantar aponeurosis

14

What is weight distributed equally between?

Calcaneus and heads of metatarsals

15

What makes up the Transverse (Mid) Tarsal Joint?

Talonavicular and Calcaneocuboid joints

16

What type of joint is the Subtalar joint?

Plane synovial

17

Describe the talus on the Subtalar joint?

Slightly concave posterior calcanea articular surface

18

Describe the Calcaneus on the Subtalar joint?

Convex posterior articular facet

19

What is the weak capsule supported by at the subtler joint?

Medial, lateral, Interosseous and posterior talocalcaneal ligaments

20

Which ligament is especially strong?

Interosseous Ligament

21

What two parts make up the Talocaneonavicular joint?

Talocalcaneal and Talonavicular

22

What type of joint is Talocalcaneal?

Plane synovial

23

What type of joint is Talonavicular?

Ball and socket

24

What type of joint is the Calcaneocuboid joint?

Plane synovial

25

Where does the Bifurcate ligament attach to?

Calcaneus to Navicular and Cuboid

26

Where does the Dorsal Calcaneocuboid Ligament attach to?

Calcaneus to cuboid

27

Where does the Long plantar ligament attach to?

Calcaneus to Cuboid and Metatarsals

28

Where does the Short plantar ligament attach to?

Calcaneus to cuboid

29

Where does the spring ligament attach to?

Calcaneus to Navicular

30

What are the movements of the Subtalar and Talocalcaneal part of Talocalcaneonavicular Joint?

Inversion and Eversion