Flashcards in The brain Deck (56)
What is each fold of the brain called?
This is the groove of the brain called?
What artery does the lateral fissure contain?
Middle cerebral artery
What artery does the longitudinal fissure contain?
Anterior cerebral arteries
What connects the cerebral hemispheres?
White matter tract
Where is the Association tracts?
Between gyri of the same hemisphere
Where is the Commisural tracts/fibres?
From one hemisphere to the corresponding region of the other
Where is the Projection fibres?
From cerebrum to thalamus, brainstem etc
What is the main action of the Basal Ganglia?
Regulate initiation and termination of body movements. Thought to be involved in memory, planning and emotional response
Where is the Substansia nigra?
What does the Substansia nigra communicate with?
The caudate and putamen
What does the Sub-thalamic nuclei communicate with?
The globus palladus
Where are the connections of the thalamus?
Hypothalamus and limbic system
What are the connections in the hypothalamus?
What are the three parts of the Diencephalon?
Thalamus, hypothalamus and pineal gland
What does the midbrain connect?
The pons and medulla to diencephalon
What is the function of the superior colliculi?
Visual, tracking and scanning
What is the inferior colliculi responsible for?
Auditory startle reflex
What is the Substansia nigra responsible for?
Control subconscious muscle action
What is the red nuclei responsible for?
Co-ordinate muscle movement
What is the pontine nuclei responsible for?
Co-ordination and maximising voluntary motor output
What tracts help control breathing?
What is the origin of cranial nerves and vestibular nerves?
What does the medulla contain?
The pyramids, cardiovascular centres, breathing centres, nuclei concerned with tough, pressure and vibration.
What are the olives?
What is the origin of the cranial nerves and cochlear part of VIII?
Where is the Vermis?
What is the cerebellum responsible for?
Controls sub0conscious aspects of skeletal muscle meovements and co-ordinates complex sequences. regulate posture and balance
Where is the superior cerebellar peduncle?
Midbrain to cerebellum