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Flashcards in Infectious Disease Deck (194)
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1

Presentation of Otitis Media

Fever
Cranky
Congestion
Pulling at ear
Irritable

2

Risk Factors in Otitis Media

Caretaker smoking
Bottle propping
Day-care attendance

3

Most Common Bugs in OM

Strep pneumo
H. influenza
M. catarrhalis

4

Treatment of OM

Amoxicillin
Ceftriaxone- IM
Azithromycin- flavored, low maintenance
Augmentin

5

Complications of OM

Mastoiditis
Cavernous sinus thrombosis
Meningitis
Brain abscess
Scarring of the structures of the middle ear

6

Define Otitis Externa

Inflammation of the external auditory canal or auricle

7

Causes of Otitis Externa

Infectious
Allergic
Dermal disease

8

Risk Factors for Otitis Externa

Swimming
Humid environments
Sticking things in ear to clean
Allergic eczema
Immunocompromised

9

Bacterial Culprits in Otitis Externa

Staph aureus
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Proteus

10

Signs/Symptoms of Otitis Externa

Otalgia
Tragus pain
Pain when auricle is pulled
Pruritis
Discharge
Hearing loss

11

Otoscopic Exam of a Patient with Otitis Externa

Edematous & erythematous ear canal
Yellow, brown, white, or grey debris
No middle ear fluid
TM should be mobile

12

Treatment of Otitis Externa

Cleaning of ear canal
Protect ear canal from water
Treatment of inflammation & infection

13

Treatment of Otitis Externa if TM Intact

Cortisporin
Cipro HC
Tobradex

14

Sore Throat

Inflammation or infection of the tonsils, uvula, soft palate, and posterior oropharynx

15

Viral Sore Throat Symptoms

Coughing
Sneezing
Dripping
Fatigue
Anorexia
Abdominal pain

16

Strep Sore Throat Symptoms

Toxic sensation
Muscle aches
Beefy red tonsils with exudate
Uvulitis
Plaques
Exudates
Anterior cervical lymphadenopathy
Fever
Headache
Abdominal pain
Strawberry tongue

17

Pharyngitis/Tonsillitis

Common in older children
Viruses
Strep pyogenes (Group A beta-hemolytic strep)

18

Complications of Pharyngitis/Tonsillitis

Rheumatic heart disease
Scarlet fever
Glomerulonephritis

19

How soon does Pharyngitis/Tonsillitis need to be treated?

Within 10 days

20

Treatment of Group A Beta-Hemolytic Strep

Penicillin VK
Cephalosporin
Clarithromycin
Macrolide

21

Which viruses present with beefy red tonsils plus exudate?

EBV
Coxsackie virus
Enterovirus
Beefreddytonsilovirus

22

EBV (Mononucleosis)

Malaise
Beefy red tonsils
Exudate
Diffuse lymphadenopathy
Splenomegaly
AFEBRILE

23

Diagnostics of EBV

Monospot- heterophile antibody testing
CBC

24

Management of EBV

Education
No contact sports 6-8 weeks

25

Herpangina Culprit

Enterovirus

26

Signs/Symptoms of Herpangina

High fever
Small ulcers on erythematous base on tonsillar pillars
Soft palate
Uvula

27

Treatment of Herpangina

Acyclovir

28

Hand, Foot, & Mouth Disease Culprit

Coxsackie virus

29

Sings/Symptoms of Hand, Foot, & Mouth Disease

Vesicles/red papules on tongue, oral mucosa, hands, & feet
Mild fever
Malaise

30

Sore Throat Serious Infections

Peritonsillar abscess
Retropharyngeal abscess
Epiglottitis