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Flashcards in Injuries & Poisoning Deck (48)
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1

What is the leading cause of death & disability among children & young adults?

Trauma

2

When does unintentional injury deaths peak?

Ages 1-4
Ages 15-24

3

What is leading cause of unintentional injury?

Falls

4

Prevention of Motor Vehicle Injuries

Safe driving habits
Driver's education
Safer cars
Safer roads
Restraints

5

What ages/weight needs to be in a rear-facing safety seat?

Infants

6

What ages/weight needs to be in a forward facing seat?

Ages 1-4
20-40 pounds

7

What ages need to be in a booster seat?

4-6 years

8

Prevention of Submersion Injuries

Supervision near water
Fence unguarded pools with self-closing gates
Swimming lessons for school-age children
Diving Safety
Life jackets

9

Risks for Burns

House fires
Scalding burns
Electrical burns
Contact burns
Clothes iron
Curling iron

10

Prevention of Falls

Barriers
Pointed corners
Sharp edges
Close doors
Inaccessible windows
Bars on apartment patios
No infant walkers

11

Prevention of Pedestrian Injuries

Look both ways
Walk on side-walks
Walk against flow of traffic
Adequate lighting
Guardian supervision
Observe/enforce speed limit
Observe/enforce traffic signs/lights
School bus stops away from high traffic areas

12

Bicycle Injuries

Head trauma
Deaths involve crash with motor vehicles

13

Prevention of Bicycle Injuries

Bicycle helmets
Bicycling safety education
Bike paths versus shoulder of the road

14

Prevention of Foreign Bodies or Choking

Age-appropriate toys
Food preparation
Liquid medications
Small objects out of reach

15

Toy-Related Injuries

Aspiration & ingestion dangers
Burns & electric shock
Lacerations
Projectile injuries
Skateboards, rollerblades, other high speed devices

16

Most Common Sports Injuries

Sprains
Strains
Contusions
Re-injury

17

Types of life-threatening injuries

Severe head/neck injury
Cardiac/respiratory arrest
Severe hemorrhage or shock
Heat stroke

18

Ages & Types of Fractures

Younger- upper extremities
Older- lower extremities

19

Major Cause of Pediatric Trauma

Large heads
Thin skulls
Poor muscle control

20

Possibility of Serious Injury

Altered mental status
Inappropriate behavior
Significant MOA
Poor systemic perfusion

21

Neuroimaging Recommended in Head Trauma

LOC > 1 min
Evidence of skull fracture
Focal neurologic findings

22

Signs of Increased Likelihood of Intracranial Injury

Immediate seizures
Headache
Vomiting
Lethargy

23

Signs of Elevated ICP

AVPU
Pupils
Vomiting
Hypertension
Bradycardia
Apnea

24

What to do for a Head Trauma

Monitor for signs of elevated ICP
Controlled hyperventilation if increased ICP
Resuscitate hypovolemic shock aggressively

25

Define Concussion

Symptomatic head injury with no intracranial injury identified with CT
"Mild TBI"

26

Presentation of Concussion

Headache
Confusion & disorientation
Difficulties with memory
Inattentiveness
Dizziness
Slow incoherent speech
Stumble/fall
Inappropriate emotion

27

Concussion Management

Physical/cognitive rest
Assessment for concomitant injuries
Meds for headache & nausea
Gradual return to activity
Return to play after patient is asymptomatic

28

Common Causes of Poisoning

Cosmetics
Personal care products
Cleaning substances
Analgesics
Plants
Cough/cold remedies

29

Risks of Ingestion of Poisoning

Improper/dangerous storage practices
Changes in home routines
Visiting friends/relatives

30

Dangerous Prescription Drugs in Poisonings

Antidepressants
Sedatives
Antipsychotics
Stimulants
Illicit drugs
Cardiac drugs