Pathology Part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pathology Part 2 Deck (33)
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1

non-ischemic cardiomyophaty,
MC viral myocarditis

idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy

2

Congenital,
Friedreich's Ataxia,
glycogen storage disease,
infants of diabetic mothers

Hypertrophic diastolic disorder

3

angina close to MI,
increased frequency,
prolonged duration

unstable/crescendo angina

4

angina at rest,
coronary artery spasm

Prinzmetal angina

5

narrowing of GI tract

achalasia

6

Paterson-Kelly
clogged pipes,
mucosal membrane across lumen

Plummer Vinson
(Irish plummer)

7

Portal HTN

esophageal varices

8

Barrett's esophagus

GERD

9

Zenker's,
outpuching of the mucosa and submucosa posteriorly

Esophageal Diverticula

10

Mallory-Weiss,
lacertion of distal esophagus/proximal stomach

alcoholics

11

most common peptic ulcer,
relieved by food

duodenal ulcer

12

lesser curvature of stomach,
H. pylori
NSAIDs

gastic ulcers

13

unexplained weight loss,
most frequently greater curvatur

stomach cancer

14

Mallory bodies in liver

Alcoholic hepatitis

15

primarily sigmoid colon,
pouch or sac through defect

diverticulum

16

presence of diverticula NO inflammation

diverticulosis

17

inflammation of diverticular mucosa

diverticulitis

18

skip lesions

Chron's

19

Malabsortption

Ulcerative Colitis

20

mucosal ulceration,
watery stools

Ulcerative Colitis

21

Gas and distention,
pencil thin stools,
episodic

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

22

aka regional enteritis,
distal ileum and colon,
anorexia,
skip lesions

Crohn's

23

congenital megacolon,
absence of meissner's and auerbach's autonomic plexus

Hirschsprung's

24

mucosal damage,
steatorrhea (malab of fat),
Wheat intolerance,
hereditary,
aka nontropical sprue,
aka Celiac Sprue,
aka Gluten Enteropathy

Celiacl Disease

25

Triad: sore tongue, diarrhea, and weight loss

mucosal abnormalities in small bowel

Tropical Sprue

26

Aggressive peptic ulcer/tumor,
can perforate through lining

Zollinger-Ellison

27

polyps in ascending colon

Gardener's Syndrome

28

MC cancer death

Lung cancer

29

MC cause of pneumonia

bacteria (Strep pneumoniae)

30

MC type of bacterial pneumonia

lobar