Physiology Part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Physiology Part 2 Deck (33)
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1

somatosensory area

postcentral gyrus (parietal lobe)

2

visual sensory area

occipital lobe, striate cortex, calcarine fissure

3

auditory sensory area

superior temporal lobe, Heschl's gyrus

4

gustatory sensory area

base of postcentral gyrus

5

olfactory sensory area

medial temporal lobe

6

Receptive portion of language sensory area (superior temporal lobe)

Wernicke's

7

Expressive portion of language sensory area (inferior posterior frontal lobe)

Broca's

8

Motor area

Precentral gyrus (frontal lobe)

9

Skilled movements (anterior to motor cortex)

Premotor area

10

Coordination of muscle contractions

cerebellum

11

cerebellar lesions lead to

SIN
(slurred speech/staccato, Intention tremor, Nystagmus)

12

main relay between cord and brain

thalamus

13

controls ANS and endocrine system,
releases somatostatin

hypothalamus

14

decreases secretion of insulin and glucagon

somatostatin

15

emotional aspects of behavior related to survival

limbic system

16

superior and inferior colliculi
origin of CN III and IV

Midbrain

17

breathing
origin of CN V-VIII

Pons

18

Origin of CN VIII-XII

Medulla

19

dark spots that are a result of aging (oxidation)

lipofuscin

20

pacemaker

sinus (SA) node

21

CN that decreases heart rate

vagus (X)

22

ectopic focus if SA node "dies"

AV node takes over

23

semilunar valves

pulmonic and aortic

24

QRS=?

ventricular depol and atrial repol

25

Diastolic murmurs are most clinically significant (ARMS PRTS)

Aortic Pulmonic
Regurgitation Reguritation
Mitral Tricuspid
Stenosis Stenosis

(systolic are opposite)

26

force exerted by fluid against a wall

hydrostatic pressure

27

created by plasma proteins unable to move through the capillary membrane

osmotic pressure

28

muscle will increase in size when used

Davis' Law

29

stroke volume increases in response to volume of blood filling the heart

Franks Starling's Law aka
Maestrini heart's law

30

pV=k

Boyle's law