Practical wound ballistics Flashcards Preview

Forensic Genetics and Medicine > Practical wound ballistics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Practical wound ballistics Deck (9)
1

Name characteristics of a contact wound

  • muzzle mark possible
  • soot and powder particles in wound track
  • burning from muzzle flame
  • over bones:
    • stellate entrance wound
    • crater shaped injury in bone

2

How is the complete wound divided according to shooting range? (4)

  • contact wound (0cm)
  • near contact wound (0-1cm)
  • intermediate range (1-30/50cm)
  • distant (more than 50cm)

3

How can gunshot wounds be classfied?

  • complete wound
    • perforating
    • penetrating
  • incomplete wound
    • low energy shot
    • graze wound

4

Name characteristics of a near-contact wound

  • soot
  • flame effect
  • powder particles on skin

5

What characterises the entry wound?

The elasticity of the skin. The bullet stretches the skin and this is why the wound will be smaller than the caliber

6

Remember that ...

  • You cannot always connect an entrance wound and an exit wound with a straight line due to tumbling etc
  • when different number of entry and exit wounds are present, you should consider intermediate fragments or fragmentation
  • Shotgun wads (contact/near-contact/intermediate wound) will not be seen in X-ray

7

Name characteristics of intermediate wounds

powder tatoo

8

Name characteristics of a distance wound

There is no sooting or soiling on the skin

9

What to remember during the examination

  • use X-ray or CT to find bullet particles
  • protect the hands of the victim
  • take biopsies from entry and exit wounds
  • never touch the bullets with metal