1) Symptoms and Diagnosis Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1) Symptoms and Diagnosis Deck (23):
1

What are the 3 core symptoms of depression?

Low mood
Lack of energy
Lack of enjoyment and interest

2

What are some examples of depressive thoughts?

Low self esteem
Guilt and self blame
Hopelessness
Suicidal thoughts

3

What are some biological symptoms associated with depression?

Early morning waking
Diurnal variation of mood
Reduced appetite
Weight loss
Psychomotor retardation
Loss of libido

4

What is psychomotor retardation?

Slow moving or speaking

5

What are some examples of other presentations depression?

Agitated
Masked
Atypical
Psychotic

6

How does agitated depression present?

Patient is restless and agitated rather than psychomotor retarded

7

How does masked depression present?

Depressive symptoms less obvious

8

How does atypical depression present?

Over eating
Weight gain
Increased sleep
Fatigue

9

What other condition is atypical depression associated with?

Seasonal affective disorder

10

How does psychotic depression present?

Hallucinations, often auditory
Delusions

11

What is a hallucination?

False perception when there is no external stimulus

12

What is a delusion?

Idea or belief, held on inadequate grounds and not in keeping with patient's education and cultural background

13

Give an example of depression in a specific context:

Post natal depression

14

How does the presentation of depression vary in different cultures?

Western world better at describing mental health so other patients may present with more physical symptoms e.g. tiredness

15

Describe some symptoms of mania:

Elated mood
Increased energy
Ideas of self importance
Reduced sleep
Flight of ideas

16

What are the ICD-10 classifications of depressive episodes?

Mild
Moderate
Severe
Severe with psychotic symptoms

17

What are the ICD-10 classifications of manic episodes?

Hypomania
Mania
Mania with psychotic symptoms

18

What is prevalence of depressive symptoms?

13-20%

19

What is the risk of depressive illness?

5-17%

20

What is the risk of bipolar disorder?

0.5-1.5%

21

What are some biological causes of depression?

Genetic
Brain illness
Physical illnesses

22

What are some psychological causes of depression?

Childhood experiences
View of yourself and the world

23

What are some social causes of depression?

Work, housing, finance