3) Psychosocial Factors in Depression Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3) Psychosocial Factors in Depression Deck (19):
1

Suggest some childhood experiences that can predispose to depression:

Insecure attachment
Quality of parental relationships
Loss of a parent
Bullying

2

What are the types of attachment? (4)

Secure
Avoidant
Resistant-ambivalent
Disorganised

3

Describe secure attachment:

Caregiver is sensitive and responsive to child's needs. Child uses parent as secure base to explore from

4

Describe avoidant attachment:

Caregiver rejects child. Little affection in sharing play and not so distressed when parent leaves

5

Describe resistant-ambivalent attachment:

Care giver inconsistency. Need a lot of reassurance on return and can be angry

6

Describe disorganised attachment:

Caregiver unpredictable or frightening. Child has unordinary behaviour on return e.g. rocking

7

What is identity moratorium?

Exploring without making definite decisions

8

What is identity achievement?

Stable identity

9

What is foreclosure?

Acceptance of parents/society rules without questioning

10

What is identity diffusion?

Little care about values and conformation

11

What features of parental relationships with their children can predispose to depression?

Lack of warmth
Lack of caring attitude
Overly controlling or over protective

12

What other parent factors can predispose to depression?

Parental mental disorder
Fighting leading to divorce
Death of parent

13

What are the relationships between bullying and depression?

Bullying can cause depression
Bullies are more likely to be depressed

14

Why is the prevalence of mood disorders higher in women?

Child care is stressful and often falls to woman
Men ruminate less
Women are more willing to admit they are depressed

15

What is the relationship between marital factors and depression?

Married < Never married < Divorced

16

What factors play a role in postnatal depression?

Loss of sleep
Hormones
Hard work
Obstetric complications

17

What is the effect of depression of social relationships?

Lower social self-confidence
Less social interaction

18

What socio-economic risk factors are there for depression?

Poverty
Low level of education
Low social class
Social isolation
Financial hardship
Unemployment

19

What is the relationship between alcohol and depression?

Either disorder increases risk of other