Flashcards in 3) Psychosocial Factors in Depression Deck (19):
Suggest some childhood experiences that can predispose to depression:
Quality of parental relationships
Loss of a parent
What are the types of attachment? (4)
Describe secure attachment:
Caregiver is sensitive and responsive to child's needs. Child uses parent as secure base to explore from
Describe avoidant attachment:
Caregiver rejects child. Little affection in sharing play and not so distressed when parent leaves
Describe resistant-ambivalent attachment:
Care giver inconsistency. Need a lot of reassurance on return and can be angry
Describe disorganised attachment:
Caregiver unpredictable or frightening. Child has unordinary behaviour on return e.g. rocking
What is identity moratorium?
Exploring without making definite decisions
What is identity achievement?
What is foreclosure?
Acceptance of parents/society rules without questioning
What is identity diffusion?
Little care about values and conformation
What features of parental relationships with their children can predispose to depression?
Lack of warmth
Lack of caring attitude
Overly controlling or over protective
What other parent factors can predispose to depression?
Parental mental disorder
Fighting leading to divorce
Death of parent
What are the relationships between bullying and depression?
Bullying can cause depression
Bullies are more likely to be depressed
Why is the prevalence of mood disorders higher in women?
Child care is stressful and often falls to woman
Men ruminate less
Women are more willing to admit they are depressed
What is the relationship between marital factors and depression?
Married < Never married < Divorced
What factors play a role in postnatal depression?
Loss of sleep
What is the effect of depression of social relationships?
Lower social self-confidence
Less social interaction
What socio-economic risk factors are there for depression?
Low level of education
Low social class