Flashcards in 13) Mindfulness Deck (22):
What is burnout?
State of mental and physical exhaustion related to work or care-giving activities
What is burnout associated with?
Psychiatric disorder and suicidal ideation
What is the problem with junior doctors suffering from burnout or depression?
More likely to make medication errors
Describe the Yerkes-Dodson curve:
As levels of stress increase so does performance (eustress)
If stress increases past eustress, enter distress and performance falls
What is the allostatic load?
Prolonged stress leads to wear and tear on the body
What are some effects from the allostatic load?
Atrophy of nerve cells in brain
Growth of amygdala mediates fear response
How does stress affect DNA?
Causes lower telomerase activity so greater cellular ageing
How does stress promote earlier onset of age related diseases?
High stress = shorter telomeres
Additional ageing of cells
What is attention deficit trait?
Trying to deal with too much input results in:
Black and white thinking
Low levels of panic
Difficulty staying organised
What is the difference between multitasking and task-switching?
Multitasking is an illusion
Actually, switching back and forth between tasks quickly
What is mindfulness?
Mental state achieved by focusing one's awareness on the present moment, while acknowledging one's feelings, thoughts, and bodily sensations
How many people will have a recurrent episode of depression?
Why are those who have been depressed, vulnerable to recurrent depression?
Small increases in sadness lead to reinstatement of thinking patterns experienced when depressed
What was developed to help prevent relapse in recurrent depression?
Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy
What are some applications of mindfulness?
What are the 3 aspects of attention regulation?
To know where our attention is
To prioritise where our attention needs to be
For the attention to there and stay there
How can mindfulness training affect the brain?
Improves functioning in areas related to executive functioning, self regulation and regulation of stress response
What is confirmation bias?
Pursuit of data that support a diagnosis over data that refute it
What is anchoring bias?
Resistance to adapting appropriately to subsequent data that suggest alternative diagnoses
How can mindfulness programmes improve practitioner wellbeing?
Decrease mood disturbance
Better relationship and communication with patients
How can meditation affect DNA?