13) Mindfulness Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 13) Mindfulness Deck (22):
1

What is burnout?

State of mental and physical exhaustion related to work or care-giving activities

2

What is burnout associated with?

Psychiatric disorder and suicidal ideation

3

What is the problem with junior doctors suffering from burnout or depression?

More likely to make medication errors

4

Describe the Yerkes-Dodson curve:

As levels of stress increase so does performance (eustress)
If stress increases past eustress, enter distress and performance falls

5

What is the allostatic load?

Prolonged stress leads to wear and tear on the body

6

What are some effects from the allostatic load?

Impaired immunity
Atherosclerosis
Atrophy of nerve cells in brain
Growth of amygdala mediates fear response

7

How does stress affect DNA?

Causes lower telomerase activity so greater cellular ageing

8

How does stress promote earlier onset of age related diseases?

High stress = shorter telomeres
Additional ageing of cells

9

What is attention deficit trait?

Trying to deal with too much input results in:
Black and white thinking
Low levels of panic
Difficulty staying organised

10

What is the difference between multitasking and task-switching?

Multitasking is an illusion
Actually, switching back and forth between tasks quickly

11

What is mindfulness?

Mental state achieved by focusing one's awareness on the present moment, while acknowledging one's feelings, thoughts, and bodily sensations

12

How many people will have a recurrent episode of depression?

50%

13

Why are those who have been depressed, vulnerable to recurrent depression?

Small increases in sadness lead to reinstatement of thinking patterns experienced when depressed

14

What was developed to help prevent relapse in recurrent depression?

Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy

15

What are some applications of mindfulness?

Mental health
Neuroscience
Pain management
Performance

16

What are the 3 aspects of attention regulation?

To know where our attention is
To prioritise where our attention needs to be
For the attention to there and stay there

17

How can mindfulness training affect the brain?

Improves functioning in areas related to executive functioning, self regulation and regulation of stress response

18

What is confirmation bias?

Pursuit of data that support a diagnosis over data that refute it

19

What is anchoring bias?

Resistance to adapting appropriately to subsequent data that suggest alternative diagnoses

20

How can mindfulness programmes improve practitioner wellbeing?

Decrease burnout
Improve empathy
Decrease mood disturbance
Better relationship and communication with patients

21

How can meditation affect DNA?

Telomere maintenance

22

What are the 7 pillars of wellbeing? (ESSENCE)

Education
Stress management
Spirituality
exercise
Nutrition
Connectedness
Environment