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Flashcards in BUZZWORDS Deck (60)
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1

stony dull to percus

pleural effusion

2

ride sided pleuritic chest pain

most likely pneumoina

3

alveolar bta einds, kerely b lines, cardiomegaly, dilated prominent upper lobe vessels pleural effusion

pulmonary oedema

4

ground glass appearnace on xray

pulmonary fibrosis and resp distress syndrom of the new born

5

ziehl neilson stani posiitve for acid fast bacilli

TB

6

caseous necrosis

TB

7

apical disease

mosy likely (secondary) TB, apical lesion is called assmann focus

8

miliary tuberculous

spread of an organism into the blood stream, if organism is spread via pulmonary artery there is miliary dissemination into the lung, if organism spreads via pulmonary vein there is a systmic disseminaiton to the liver, spleen and kidneyes

9

positive anti-gloerular basement membrane antibodies

goodpastures syndrome

10

chest infection with parrot / pigeon as pet

caused by chlamydophila psittaci

11

dry cough and diarhoea after holiday abroad, some indication of water spread

legionella pneumophila (test urine for antigens)

12

tall thin young man who indulges in marijuana

probably pneumothroax (marfans)

13

bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy, erythema nodusum, granulomas, fatigue, uveitis and weight loss

sarcoidosis

14

bronchiole larger than neighbouring arteriole on CT

bronchictasis

15

d sign on x ray

empyema

16

steeple sign on x ray

laryngotracheobronchitis/croup

17

child with barking cough

croup

18

pneumocystis pneumoina

HIV (treat with co-trmoxazole +- prednisolone is severe

19

asthma + nasal poyps + salicylate sensitivity

samters triad

20

alcholic (danger of asiration pneummoina)

klebisella pneumoinae

21

red jelly sputum

klebiella pneumoinae

22

mucoid sputum

chalmydia psittaci

23

rusty sputum

pneumococcal pneumoina

24

cannonball metastases (also weight loss and haematuria)

classically from primary renal cell carcinoma

25

morning headache

hypercapnia or side effects or organic nitrates

26

ACTH secreting lung tumour

small cell carcinoma of the lnug. small cell carcimoas are euroendocrine, highly malignant, and may be associated with ectopic endocrine syndromes

27

PTH seceting lung tumour

squamous cell cancer of lung

28

increased serum ACE and CA2+

sarcoid

29

eggshell calcification at hilar regions

silicosis

30

heart failure cells seen in alvoelar spaces

macrophages that have absorbed haemosiderin - found in chornic pulmonary oedema, and associated severe left ventricualar hearr failure
- also seen in long standing pulmonary hypertension