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Spinal Anatomy Test 1 > Day 10 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Day 10 Deck (14):
0

What will cause the transverse process/ transverse apophysis to alter its initial direction in the thoracic region

the growth of the lungs remodel the shape of the ribs which in turn push the transverse processes backward

1

What is the name given to the joint formed between articular facets of a vertebral couple?

the zygapophysis

2

What is the name given to the bone surface at the front of the zygapophysis?

the superior articular facet

3

What is the name given to the bone surface at the back of a zygapophysis?

the inferior articular facet

4

What names are given to the part of the vertebra which supports the front of the zygapophysis?

the superior articular apophysis, the superior articular process, or the pre-zygapophysis

5

What names are given to the part of the vertebra which supports the back of the zygapophysis?

the inferior articular apophysis, the inferior articular process, or the post-zygapophysis

6

What will for the posterior boundary of a typical intervertebral foramen?

the inferior articular process/post-zygapophysis, the superior articular process/pre-zygapophysis, the capsular ligament, and the ligamentum flavum

7

What will form the superior boundary of a typical intervertebral foramen?

the superior vertebral notch or superior vertebral incisure

8

What will form the inferior boundary of a typical intervertebral foramen/

the superior vertebral notch or superior vertebral incisure

9

What will form the anterior boundary of a typical intervertebral foramen?

the vertebral body of the segment above, the vertebral body of the segment below, the intervertebral disc, and the posterior longitudinal ligament

10

What is the method of calculating the angle of the spinous process/spinous apophysis?

calculate the angle formed between the undersurface of the spinous process/spinous apophysis and the horizontal plane

11

What is the name given to the normal overlap of spinous processes or spinous apophyses as seen on X-ray?

imbircation

12

What is the orientation of the spinous process/spinous apophysis at each region of the spine?

cervical- slight angle inferiorly
thoracic- noticeable angle inferiorly
lumbar- no inferior angle

13

What is the typical shape/outline of the vertebral foramen at each region of the spinal column/vertebral column?

cervical- triangular; thoracic- oval; lumbar- triangular; sacrum- triangular