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Spinal Anatomy Test 1 > Day 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Day 6 Deck (23):
0

What are the examples of synovial pivot (diarthrosis trochoid) joint?

median atlanto-axial joint and proximal radio-ulnar joint

1

What is the shared morphological characteristic of diarthrosis trochoid joints?

an oseous pivot point and an osteo-ligamentous ring

2

What are examples of diarthrosis condylar or diarthrosis bicondylar joints?

temporomandibular joint and femur-tibia joint of the knee

3

What are examples of diarthrosis ellipsodial joints?

radiocarpal joint of the wrist, metacarpo-phalangeal joints of the hand, metatarsal-phalangeal joints of the foot and the atlanto-occipital joint of the vertebral column

4

Which synovial joint classifications are now often interchanged in textbooks?

ellipsoidal and condylar synovial joints

5

What are examples of synovial saddle (diarthrosis sellar) joints?

carpometacarpal joint of the thumb, talocrural joint of the ankle and the calcaenocuboid joint of the foot

6

What are examples of diarthrosis enarthrosis joints?

femur-acetabulum of the innominate articulation at the hip and the humerus- glenoid cavity of the scapula articulation at the shoulder

7

What is the number of vertebrae in a typical adult?

26 segments

8

What is the number of vertebrae in a typical spine?

24 segments

9

What constitutes the spine

the 24 presasral segments; the cervical, thoracic and lumbar vertebrae

10

Which mammals have more than seven cervical vertebrae?

the ant bear and three toed sloth

11

which mammals have less than seven cervical vertebrae?

the manatee and two toed sloth

12

What is the length of a typical male spinal column?

about 70 centimeters or 28 inches

13

what is the length of a typical female spinal column?

about 60 centimeters or 25 inches

14

What is the length difference between a typical male and typical female spinal column?

about 3 inches

15

What is the length of the male cervical region (both measurements)?

about 12 centimeters or 5 inches

16

What is the length of the male thoracic region (both measurements)?

about 28 centimeters or 11 inches

17

what is the length of the male lumbar region (both measurements)?

about 18 centimeters of 7 inches

18

What is the length of the male sacrum (both measurements)?

about 12 centimeters or 5 inches

19

How does the vertebral column participate in the skeletal formation?

ribs are formed from the costal process of the embryonic vertebral template

20

What levels of the vertebral column specifically accommodate weigh bearing transfer?

S1-S3 at the auricular surface

21

Distinguish between motion and locomotion

motion is movement without travel; locomotion is movement to a new site or location

22

What organ(s) is(are) specifically associated with the horizontal axis of the skull?

the eye and the vestibular apparatus of the inner ear