Flashcards in Day 15 Deck (19)
What are the names given to the lateral modifications of the inferior epiphyseal rim?
lateral groove or enchancrure
What is the joint classification for the posterior lip-posterior groove articulation?
modified synovial saddle (diarthrosis sellar)
What is the joint classification for the spongy bone intervertebral disc articulation?
cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis
What is the name given to the modification of the anterior tubercle of the C6 transverse process?
the carotid tubercle
What will occupy they typical cervical vertebra transverse foramen?
the vertebral artery, vertebral venous plexus and postganglionic sympathetic motor nerve fibers
What is the name of the lamina-pedicle junction of typical cervical vertebrae?
the articular pillar
What is the name of the surface feature observed between the ends of the articular pillar?
the groove/sulcus for the dorsal ramus of a cervical spinal nerve
What nerve indents the articular pillar of typical cervical vertebrae?
the medial branch of the dorsal ramus of a cervical spinal nerve
What is the classic angulation of typical cervical articular facets?
40 to 45 degrees from the coronal plane
what is the orientation of the typical cervical superior articular facet?
backward, upward, medial (BUM)
What is the orientation of the typical cervical inferior articular facet?
forward, lateral, downward (FoLD)
What muscles will attach to typical cervical articular processes?
the longissimus capitis, longissimus cervicis, semispinalis capitis, semispinalis cervicis, multifidis, and rotators
What muscles blend with the capsular ligament of cervical zygapophyses?
the semispinalis capitis, multifidis and rotator longus
What modification of the synovial joint are observed in the cervical spine?
The greatest range of flexion- extension among the typical cervical vertebrae occurs at which vertebral couple?
What motions are coupled in the cervical spine?
lateral bending and axial rotation
Ranges of coupled motion among the typical cervical vertebrae will be similar for what cervical vertebral couples?
the C2/C3, C3/C4, C4/C5 vertebral couples
Ranges of coupled motion among the typical cervical vertebrae will begin to decrease at what cervical vertebral couple?
the C5/C6 vertebral couple