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Spinal Anatomy Test 1 > Day 15 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Day 15 Deck (19):
0

What are the names given to the lateral modifications of the inferior epiphyseal rim?

lateral groove or enchancrure

1

What is the joint classification for the posterior lip-posterior groove articulation?

modified synovial saddle (diarthrosis sellar)

2

What is the joint classification for the spongy bone intervertebral disc articulation?

cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis

3

What is the name given to the modification of the anterior tubercle of the C6 transverse process?

the carotid tubercle

4

What will occupy they typical cervical vertebra transverse foramen?

the vertebral artery, vertebral venous plexus and postganglionic sympathetic motor nerve fibers

5

What is the name of the lamina-pedicle junction of typical cervical vertebrae?

the articular pillar

6

What is the name of the surface feature observed between the ends of the articular pillar?

the groove/sulcus for the dorsal ramus of a cervical spinal nerve

7

What nerve indents the articular pillar of typical cervical vertebrae?

the medial branch of the dorsal ramus of a cervical spinal nerve

8

What is the classic angulation of typical cervical articular facets?

40 to 45 degrees from the coronal plane

9

what is the orientation of the typical cervical superior articular facet?

backward, upward, medial (BUM)

10

What is the orientation of the typical cervical inferior articular facet?

forward, lateral, downward (FoLD)

11

What muscles will attach to typical cervical articular processes?

the longissimus capitis, longissimus cervicis, semispinalis capitis, semispinalis cervicis, multifidis, and rotators

12

What muscles blend with the capsular ligament of cervical zygapophyses?

the semispinalis capitis, multifidis and rotator longus

13

What modification of the synovial joint are observed in the cervical spine?

meniscoidal fold

14

The greatest range of flexion- extension among the typical cervical vertebrae occurs at which vertebral couple?

typically C5/C6

15

What motions are coupled in the cervical spine?

lateral bending and axial rotation

16

Ranges of coupled motion among the typical cervical vertebrae will be similar for what cervical vertebral couples?

the C2/C3, C3/C4, C4/C5 vertebral couples

17

Ranges of coupled motion among the typical cervical vertebrae will begin to decrease at what cervical vertebral couple?

the C5/C6 vertebral couple

18

What muscles may attach to the typical cervical spinous process?

the spinalis cervicis, semispinalis cervicis, semispinalis thoracis, multifidis, rotators and interspinalis