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Flashcards in Day 3 Deck (23):
0

How many bones form the typical adult axial skeleton?

80 bones

1

What bones form the axial skeleton?

The skull, hyoid, vertebral column, sternum and ribs

2

What is the name given to the adult skull minus the mandible?

The cranium

3

What are the names given to the top of the adult skull?

The calvaria or calva

4

What bones form the neurocranium of the typical adult skull?

The frontal, parietal, temporal, occipital, sphenoid and ethmoid

5

How many bones form the typical adult neurocranium?

8 bones

6

What bones form the facial skeleton?

Mandible, vomer, nasal, maxilla, lacrimal, inferior nasal concha, palatine and zygomatic

7

How many bones from the facial skeleton (splanchnocranium or visceral skeleton)?

14 bones

8

What bones comprise the typical adult vertebral column or spinal column?

The cervical, thoracic, lumbar vertebrae and the sacrum and coccyx

9

What is the number of bones comprising each region of the typical adult spinal column or vertebral column?

7 Cervical, 12 thoracic, and 5 lumbar vertebrae, 1 sacrum and 1 coccyx

10

What is the name given to the presacral region of the typical adult vertebrae column or spinal column?

the spine

11

What is the total number of bones forming the typical adult spine?

24 bones

12

What type of ossification pattern and suture appearance typically forms the true suture?

intramembranous ossification; interlocking edges

13

What are the classifications of true sutures (sutura vera) based on suture appearance?

serrate, denticulate and limbous

14

What type of ossification pattern and suture appearance typically forms the false suture?

endochondral ossification; non-interlocking edges

15

What are the classifications of false sutures (sutura notha) based on suture appearance?

squamous and harmonia

16

Overlapping, non-interlocking sutures would be examples of which classification?

squamous suture

17

Sutures which neither overlap nor interlock are classified as

plane sutures (sutura harmonia)

18

What is the classic example of the plane suture (sutura harmonia)?

cruciate suture

19

What is the classification of a "peg-in-socket" joint"

gomphosis

20

Which joint classification would involve a "nail" appearance?

gomphosis

21

Which joint classification would involve a fissure condition or appearance?

schindylesis

22

What is an example of schindylesis?

osseous nasal septum: sphenoid-ethmoid articulation, sphenoid-vomer articulation, ethmoid-vomer articulation, vomer-palatine articulation or vomer-maxilla articulation