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Spinal Anatomy Test 1 > Day 14 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Day 14 Deck (21):
0

What are the modifications of the superior epiphyseal rim of a typical cervical?

anterior groove, posterior groove, right and left uncinate processes

1

What are the names of the lateral modification of the superior epiphyseal rim?

uncinate process, unciform process, uncovertebral process, uncus or lateral lip

2

What are the modification of the inferior epiphyseal rim of a typical cervical?

anterior lip, posterior lip, right and left lateral grooves

3

How many joint surfaces are present on the upper surface of a typical cervical vertebral body?

five

4

How many joint surfaces are present on the lower surface of a typical cervical vertebral body?

five

5

How many joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of a typical cervical?

ten

6

How many synovial joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of a typical cervical?

four

7

What is the name given to the uncinate process-lateral groove articulation?

joint of Luschka or uncovertebral joint

8

What does the recent literature suggest as the nature of the joint of Luschka?

the joint is representative of intervertebral disc aging which results in loss of lamellar integrity near the joint

9

What is the functional significance of the joint of Luschka?

it appears to stabilize the intervertebral disc while accommodating flexion- extension and requiring couple motion (axial rotation with lateral bending) in the cervical spine

10

What muscle attaches to they typical cervical vertebral body?

the longus colli muscle

11

What is the orientation and angulation of the pedicle of a typical cervical?

posteriorlater, 45 degrees

12

At what location on vertebral body of a typical cervical will the pedicle attach?

to the side and in the center of the vertebral body

13

What soft tissue diameter mimics the outline of they typical cervical vertebral foramen?

the transverse diameter of the cervical enlargement of the spinal cord

14

the greatest transverse diameter of the typical cervical vertebra occurs at ______?

C6

15

The greatest frequency of osteophytes associated with the vertebral body occurs at which typical cervical vertebral couple?

C5/C6

16

What osseous parts form the typical cervical vertebra transverse process?

costal element, anterior tubercle, costotransverse bar, posterior tubercle, true transverse process

17

What muscles may attach to the posterior tubercle of a typical cervical vertebra?

splenius cervicis, iliocostalis cervicis, longissimus cervicis, levator scapula, middle scalene, posterior scalene, rotators and posterior intertransverarii

18

What muscles will attach to the costotransverse bar?

middle scalene and posterior intertransversarii

19

What it the name given to the superior margin of the costotransverse bar?

sulcus for the ventral primary ramus of a cervical spinal nerve

20

What is the orientation and angulation of a typical cervical transverse process?

60 degrees anterolaterally (from midsagittal plane), 15 degrees inferiorly (from the horizontal plane)