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Spinal Anatomy Test 2 > Day 14 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Day 14 Deck (17):
1

What are the segmental arteries of the cervical spine?

the vertebral artery, ascending cervical artery and deep cervical artery

2

What are the segmental arteries of the thoracic spine?

the deep cervical artery, highest (superior) inter coastal artery, posterior intercostal artery and subcostal artery

3

What are the segmental arteries of the lumbar spine?

the lumbar arteries, iliolumbar artery, lateral a sacral artery and median sacral artery

4

What are the characteristics of the Artery of Adamkiewicz?

it is a left side, anterior medullary feeder artery, located in the T9/T10 intervertebral foramen, and the primary vascular supply to the lumbar enlargement

5

What will the intervertebral veins drain into?

the external vertebral venous plexus or Batson's plexus

6

What is the unique histological feature of the veins of the vertebral column?

they appear to lack valves

7

What increases the depth of length of the intervertebral foramen in the cervical spine?

the transverse process

8

What is the location of the spinal nerve within the cervical intervertebral foramen?

toward the front and middle of the height of the cervical intervertebral foramen

9

What is the relationship between aging and cervical spine nerve root characteristics?

the length of the nerve root increases as it descends from its apparent origin on the spinal cord, but the cross-sectional area of the nerve root decreases

10

What is the relationship between aging and cervical spine intervertebral foramen size?

the cross-sectional area diminishes after age 50

11

What are the specific attachment sites for a cervical spinal nerve?

the sulcus for the ventral primary ramus on the costotransverse bar & the vertebral artery

12

What contributes to the anterior boundary of the thoracic intervertebral foramen

the costocentral joint

13

Which are the largest spinal nerves?

L5 and S1 spinal nerves

14

What increases the length of the intervertebral foramen at L5?

the lumbosacral tunnel

15

What forms the lumbosacral tunnel?

the lumbosacral ligament, transverse process of L5 and sacral ala

16

What condition is the result of encroachment on the L5 spinal nerve?

the far out syndrome

17

What ligament may contribute to the loss of size in the lumbar intervertebral foramen?

the transforaminal ligamnet