Flashcards in Day 4 Deck (20)
What muscles attach to the spinous process of C2?
rectus capitis posterior major, obliquus capitis inferior, spinals cervicis, semispinalis cervicis, multifidis, rotators and interspinalis muscles
What names may be given to C7?
vertebra prominens, and vertebral prominence
What name is given only to C7?
What is the segment and gender bias for vertebrae other than C7 becoming the vertebral prominence?
C6 is more common in females and T1 is more common in males
How many joint surfaces are present at the vertebral body of C7?
What joint classifications are observed at the vertebral body of C7?
fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis, cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) sympyhsis and modified synovial saddle (diarthrosis sellar) joint
What muscle(s) attaches to the vertebral body of C7?
longus colli muscle
What muscles attach to the transverse process of C7?
middle scalene, iliocostalis thoracis, longissimus cervicis, semispinalis capitis, rotators, intertransversarii and levator costarum brevis
What is the orientation of the superior articular facet of C7?
backward, upward, medial (BUM)
What is the orientation of the inferior articular facet of C7?
forward, medial, downward (ForMeD)
What muscles will attach to the articular process of C7?
longissimus cervicis, longissimus capitis, semispinalis cervicis and multifidis
What muscles attach to the spinous process of C7?
trapezius, rhomboid minor, serratus posterior superior, spenius capitis, spinalis capitis, spinalis cervicis, semispinalis thoracis, multifidis, rotators and interspinalis
The vertebral artery on which side is typically larger?
left vertebral artery
What is the gender bias regarding size of the vertebral artery?
men have larger vertebral arteries than women
What is the name of the physical exam used to determine vertebral artery patency?
the vertebrobasilar artery insufficiency test
At what location will the vertebral artery from its first compensatory loop?
the atlanto-axial interspace
At what location will the vertebral artery form its second compensatory loop?
the atlanto-occipital interspace
At what segments will the vertebral artery be firmly attached to the transverse foramen?
both C1 and C2
What is the purpose of the vertebral artery loops between C2, C1, and occiput?
the increased length will accommodate the greater rotation at these locations