Day 16 Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy Test 2 > Day 16 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Day 16 Deck (25):
1

Why is the posterior curve also called the primary curve?

it is the first curve to appear embryologically

2

What are the adult remnants of the primary curve along the vertebral column?

the thoracic or dorsal curve and the pelvic or sacrococcygeal curve

3

What are the names given to curves which form during development to reverse the direction of regions along the vertebral column?

anterior curve, secondary curve, compensatory curve

4

What are the names of the anterior curves, secondary curves, and compensatory curves?

cervical curve and lumbar curve

5

What developmental events are indicated in the formation of the adult cervical curve?

1. centers for vision and equilibrium will appear in the brain
2. musculature attaching the skull, cervical region, and upper thorax together develops
3. the head is held upright
4. the intervertebral disc height becomes greater anterior than posterior

6

At what age will the infant begin to hold the head erect?

usually between the third and forth month after birth

7

What is the name given to the intergration of visual and motor pathways associated with holding the head erect?

the righting reflex

8

What is the location for the apex of the cervical curve?

typically between C4 and C5

9

What is the location for the cervical kyphosis?

between occiput and C1

10

What is the time of appearance of the lumbar curve?

between 12 and 18 months after birth

11

What infant activities are associated with the developmental of the lumbar curve?

crawling and walking

12

What developmental events are indicated in the formation of the adult lumbar curve?

1. crawling will cause the abdomen to put tension on the lumbar region and pulls it forward
2. muscles development is promoted to compensate for the swayback of the lumbars
3. intervertebral disc height will become greater anterior compared to posterior
4. walking will further promote muscle and intervertebral disc development

13

What is the vertebral relationship between the lumbar curve and the lumbar enlargement?

lumbar curve T12-L5; lumbar enlargement T9-T12

14

What is the formation of the lateral curve often correlated with?

faster development of the muscles on the side of handedness

15

What is the time of appearance of the lateral curve?

they appear after 6 years old

16

What names are given to the conditions associated with abnormal curves of the vertebral column?

lordosis, kyphosis, scoliosis

17

What is the definition of lordosis?

a forward bending condition

18

What is the definition of kyphosis?

a humpback or hunchback condition

19

What is the definition of scoliosis?

a warped or crooked condition

20

What does the use of the term lordotic try to imply?

a normal cervical and normal lumbar anterior curve

21

What does the use of the term kyphotic try to imply?

A normal thoracic or dorsal and normal pelvic or sacrococcygeal posterior curve

22

What prefixes are used to convey abnormality in curve patterns?

hyper and hypo

23

What are the curve classifications for military neck?

a kyphosis or hypolordotic curve

24

What are the curve classifications for humpback or hunchback?

a kyphosis or hyperkyphotic curve

25

What are the curve classifications for swayback?

a lordosis or hyperlordotic curve