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Dermatology > Introduction > Flashcards

Flashcards in Introduction Deck (37)
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1

What do dermatologist diagnose & treat?

Diseases that affect the skin, nails, & hair

2

What's included in cosmetic dermatology?

Botox
Fillers
Laser surgery
Liposuction
Blepharoplasty
Face lifts

3

Define Dermatopathologist

Pathologist or dermatologist who specializes in the pathology of the skin

4

Define IMmunodermatology

Field specializes in the treatment of immune-mediated skin diseases such as lupus, bulls phemphigoid, pemphigus vulgarism, and other immune-mediated skin disorders

5

Define Pediatric Dermatology

Field encompasses the complex diseases of the neonates, hereditary skin diseases or genodermatoses, and the many difficulties of working with the pediatric population

6

Therapies Provided by Dermatologists

Cosmetic filler injections
Hair removal
Hair transplantation
Intralesional treatment
Laser therapy
Tattoo removal with laser
Cosmetic resurfacing & rejuvenation
Photodynamic therapy
Phototherapy

7

What is cryosurgery used for?

Treatment of warts, skin cancers, & other dermatosis

8

What does vitiligo surgery include?

Procedures like autologous melanocyte transplant, suction blister grafting, & punch biopsy

9

Define Allergy Testing

"Patch testing" for contact dermatitis

10

Define Systemic Therapies

Antibiotics
Immunomodulators
Novel injectable products

11

How to describe skin lesions?

Site
# of lesions
Distribution
Arrangement
Type of lesion
Texture
Color
Border

12

Types of Primary Skin Lesions

Macule
Patch
Papule
Nodule
Plaque
Wheal
Cyst Vesicle
Bullae
Pustule

13

Types of Secondary Skin Lesions

Telangiectasia
Crust
Scale
Induration
Erosion
Ulceration
Atrophy

14

Broad Things to Look for on the Skin

Site: face, trunk, limbs
Number: single, multiple, rash
Extent: localized, regionalized, widespread, disseminated, generalized
Distribution: symmetrical, asymmetrical, sun-exposed, flexures, extensors, creases
Arrangement: discrete, coalescing, annular, grouped, linear, serpiginous

15

How to feel a lesion on the skin

Surface with your fingertips
Thickness between your finger & thumb
Blanche test
Scratch scale or pick off crust

16

Type of Lesions

Flat: macules & patches
Raised: papules, nodules, plaques
Fluid-filled: vesicles, bullae, pustules
Broken surface: erosion, ulcers, fissures

17

Changes in Surface Changes

Normal
Abnormal
Change in thickness

18

Color of the Skin

Pink/red/purple
Yellow
White
Brown/black/blue/grey

19

Shape of the Lesion

Surface shape
Profile shape
Distribution of lesions

20

Define Macule

21

Define Patch

>1 cm
Neither elevated/depressed

22

Define Papule

Dome shaped

23

Define Nodule

Papule
>1 cm
Deeper in the skin

24

Define Plaque

Superficial
Elevated
Solid lesion
>1 cm
Flat Top

25

Define Wheal

Elevated papule
Erythematous borders with pale center

26

Define Cyst

Sac that contains fluid

27

Define Vesicle

Small
Superficial

28

Define Bullae

Raised
Above dermis

29

Define Pustule

Small
Superficial lesion
Purulent material

30

Define Telangiectasia

Spider veins