Flashcards in Leptospirosis Deck (3):
What is Leptospirosis and who is it associated with?
Also known as Weil's disease*, leptospirosis is commonly seen in questions referring to sewage workers, farmers, vets or people who work in abattoir.
It is caused by the spirochaete Leptospira interrogans (serogroup L icterohaemorrhagiae), classically being spread by contact with infected rat urine. Weil's disease should always be considered in high-risk patients with hepatorenal failure
What are the features of leptospirosis?
- flu-like symptoms
- renal failure (seen in 50% of patients)
- subconjunctival haemorrhage
- headache, may herald the onset of meningitis