Leptospirosis Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Leptospirosis Deck (3):
1

What is Leptospirosis and who is it associated with?

Also known as Weil's disease*, leptospirosis is commonly seen in questions referring to sewage workers, farmers, vets or people who work in abattoir.

It is caused by the spirochaete Leptospira interrogans (serogroup L icterohaemorrhagiae), classically being spread by contact with infected rat urine. Weil's disease should always be considered in high-risk patients with hepatorenal failure

2

What are the features of leptospirosis?

- fever
- flu-like symptoms
- renal failure (seen in 50% of patients)
- jaundice
- subconjunctival haemorrhage
- headache, may herald the onset of meningitis

3

How is it managed?

High-dose benzylpenicillin or doxycycline