Ostemyelitis Flashcards Preview

Infectious diseases > Ostemyelitis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ostemyelitis Deck (4):
1

What is the most common cause of osteomyelitis?

Staph. aureus is the most common cause except in patients with sickle-cell anaemia where Salmonella species predominate.

2

What are the predisposing conditions for osteomyelitis?

- diabetes mellitus
- sickle cell anaemia
- intravenous drug user
- immunosuppression due to either medication or HIV
- alcohol excess

3

What are the investigations for osteomyelitis?

- MRI is the imaging modality of choice, with a sensitivity of 90-100%
- FBC + cultures
- Biopsy

4

How is osteomyelitis managed?

- flucloxacillin for 6 weeks
- clindamycin if penicillin-allergic
- surgery