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ESA 3 - HPHD > Coping > Flashcards

Flashcards in Coping Deck (97)
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1

Who theorised the transactional model of stress? 

Lazarus and Folkman, 1984

2

What happens in the transactional model of stress? 

Potential stressor Primary appraisal  Secondary appraisal  Stress
 

3

What factors can cause stress in chronic illness? 

Diagnosis  Physical impact Treatment  Hospitalisation  Adjustment Chronic nature of illness Socioeconomic illness
 

4

What will a person have on diagnosis of a chronic illness? 

Lots of worries and questions 

5

What is the importance of the worries and questions a person will have on diagnosis of a chronic illness? 

A strong predictor of future anxiety is the number of unanswered concerns 

6

What may the emotional responses to diagnosis be? 

Shock Anxiety Depression Denial  Fear 
 

7

What may the physical impact of a chronic disease be? 

Pain  Limited mobility Other symptoms
 

8

How may the treatment for a chronic illness cause stress? 

Anxiety  Discomfort  Impact on body image Burdensome nature of self management 
 

9

Give an example of where a chronic disease may have an impact on body image 

Breast cancer 

10

Why may self management of a chronic disease cause stress? 

Life changes Having to take medication 
 

11

Why may hospitalisation cause stress? 

Loss of autonomy, privacy, or status Possible removal from usual support network 
 

12

What adjustments may need to be made when a person has a chronic illness?

Biographical disruption  Change in identity 
 

13

What is meant by biographical disruption 

Disruption to life trajectory 

14

What is the result of the disruption to life trajectory in chronic illness? 

Change in goals  Have to rethink future 
 

15

What change in identity might occur in chronic illness? 

'Sick role' 

16

Why may the chronic nature of illness cause stress? 

The change may be indefinite, and so it is hard to make plans 

17

What is the socioeconomic impact of chronic illness? 

May cause financial problems if work is affected  Social problems Relationship problems 
 

18

What is the result of the loss of income if a chronic illness means work is affected? 

May struggle with mortgage, childcare etc 

19

What social problems may a chronic illness cause? 

Housing  Childcare
 

20

Who may chronic illness cause relationship problems between? 

Family Friends  Colleagues 
 

21

What must be considered when thinking about stress in chronically ill patients? 

There is a different combination of issues for different patients, but all share the need for adjustment 

22

What does stress depend on? 

Perception 

23

How may perception of chronic illness affect stress?

If they think the illness is very bad If they think they can't cope 
 

24

What are the categories of life events causing stress? 

Family Personal  Workplace Financial 
  

25

What family events can cause stress? 

Bereavement Divorce Marriage Family health Pregnancy Family unemployment
 

26

What personal events can cause stress? 

Imprisonment Personal achievement  Change in school/residence  Sexual difficulties  Change in habits Holidays
 

27

What workplace events can cause stress? 

Dismissal  Retirement Job change Change in responsibilities/conditions
 

28

What financial events can cause stress? 

Change in financial state Mortgage 
 

29

What are the types of coping styles? 

Emotional focused coping Problem focused coping
 

30

What does emotional focused coping aim to do? 

Change the emotion/appraisal