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Flashcards in Diversity and Stereotypes Deck (46)
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What is true of different groups of people? 

Different health problems Different lifestyles and behaviours that impact on health  Want different types of health services Hold different health beliefs Engage in different health behaviours Have different health needs


What do the different health beliefs held by different groups of people impact? 

How they interact with the health service


What must sometimes be done to ensure equality of treatment? 

Treat patients differently 


What are the duties laid out regarding diversity and stereotypes in Good Medical Practice? 

Must treat patients fairly and with respect, whatever their life choices and beliefs  Must not unfairly discriminate against patients by allowing your personal views to affect adversely your professional relationship with them, or the treatment you provide or arrange This is a legal requirement, not just good practice Must treat colleagues fairly and with respect Need to be aware of how your own values, beliefs, and stereotypes about different groups may impact on your treatment of patients and interactions with colleagues 


What factors must you not discriminate against? 

Patients age Colour Culture Disability  Ethnic or national origin  Gender Lifestyle Marital or parental status Race Religion or beliefs Sex Sexual orientation Social or economic status


What does Good Medical Practice say regarding a doctors personal beliefs? 

You are allowed to have personal beliefs, but must still provide a good standard of care


What must be done to provide a good standard of care when it goes against your personal beliefs? 

Must explain to patients if you have a conscientious objection to a particular procedure Must tell them about the right to see another doctor, and make sure they have enough information to exercise this right In providing this information, you must not imply or express disapproval of the patients lifestyle, choices, or beliefs


What must you do to ensure you are treating your colleagues fairly and with respect? 

Must not bully or harrass them  Must not unfairly discriminate against them by allowing your personal views adversely affect your professional relationship with them Should challenge colleagues if their behaviour does not comply with guidance 


What will you not be expected to do as a doctor in order to provide good health care? 

Agree with patients, or approve of them 


What must you do as a doctor in order to provide good health care? 

Understand patients and respect their rights


What are stereotypes?

Generalisations we make about specific social groups, and members of those groups 


Are stereotypes correct? 

Often broadly correct, but erroneous 


What can't be assumed with stereotypes? 

Every member conforms to the stereotype


Why do stereotypes occur? 

Due to how we store memories and organise knowledge 


What model of psychology are stereotypes related to? 

Cognitive model 


How does the cognitive model of psychology say that knowledge is stored? 

As mental representations, organised in schemata


What are schemata?

Groups of related information 


What is the result of the way knowledge is stored, according to the cognitive model of psychology? 

Make assumptions on new situtations based on information the brain has built up 


What is the function of stereotypes? 

Save 'processing power'  Environment is more predictable Allow anticipation  Avoids 'information overload' 


What is the problem with stereotypes? 

Makes sense of the world, but may not take into account diversity 


Why do members of a group get organised into schemata?

Because they share some characteristics 


What are the problems with schemata? 

'Shortcut' overlooks diversity  Have the tendency to remain unchanged, even in the face of contradictory information
Prone to emphasis on negative traits


What are stereotypes a form of? 

Social schemata


What are groups a source of? 

Self-identities and self-esteem


Why do we assign people to categories? 

To help understand social environment 


Why do we assign ourselves to categories? 

As a form of social identification 


How do we act when we assign ourselves to a category? 

Conform to the norms of the group- act the way you think members of your group should act  


What is the effect of social comparison? 

It builds self-esteem


What is the result of social comparison building self esteem? 

People are more likely to focus on negative attributes of people from other social groups, and positive attributes of people in their own 


Why does social comparison building self esteem result in people focusing on negative attributes of other groups? 

In order to maintain self esteem, our group has to compare favourably to others