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Flashcards in Models of Disease Deck (21)
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1

Define psychology

The science of how people think, feel, and behave

2

What is health psychology? 

The contribution of the discipline of psychology to;  Preventing illness Promoting good health  Helping with treatment  Understanding the psychological correlates of illness Improve the health care system and health policy
 

3

What is medicine traditionally not interested in? 

Psychogical or social factors 

4

What is the focus traditionally on in medicine? 

Physical body and biological causes of disease 

5

What model of disease is dominant in Western Medicine?

Biomedical 

6

How is illness understood in the biomedical model?

In terms of biological and physiological processes 

7

What does treatment involve in the biomedical model? 

Physical intervention, including drugs and surgery 

8

What is the biomedical model associated with? 

Major advancements in modern medicine 

9

What are the criticisms of the biomedical model? 

Could be considered too narrow a picture Doesn't consider if psychological and social factors impact health
 

10

What has happened to the death rate in England and Wales over the past 150 years? 

It has halved 

11

What was the infant mortality rate in England and Wales in a. 1900, and b. Now? 

A - 140 per 1000 B - <5 per 1000
  

12

What was the life expectancy in a. 1901 and b. Now? 

A - 47  B - 80 
 

13

What happened to the death rate from measles? 

They have dropped dramatically due to improvements in social carre and quality of life, including better housing and nutrition. After the vaccine, there was a decline in incidence, however decline in death dropped before vaccine was introduced 

14

What is the drop in death rate in England and Wales due to? 

Medical advancements  Social improvements 

15

What medical advancements have contributed to the reduced death rates? 

Development of vaccines  New drugs Improvement in surgical techniques 
 

16

What social improvements have contributed to the drop in death rates? 

Better sanitation  Better housing Better diet 
 

17

What were the main common illnesses and causes of death in a. The beginning of the 20th century and b. The end of the 20th century?

 A - Acute infectious diseases; TB, Pneumonia, Measles, Diphtheria 
B - Chronic conditions where lifestyle and behaviour play a significant role; heart disease, cancer, stroke 

 

18

What does the biopsychosocial model say? 

There are three contributors to health and illness;  Psychological  Biological  Social 
 

19

What are the psychological contributors to illness? 

Cognition  Emotion Behaviour 
 

20

What are the biological contributors to illness? 

Physiology Genetics Pathogens 
 

21

What are the social contributors to illness? 

Social class Employment Social support