hi (informal, friendly) - coucou. Note that coucou is only used with friends and family members.
honey, sweetie (informal) - chéri. Note that the feminine form would be chérie.
kiss(es) - bisou(s)
I have too many friends
J'ai trop de copains
too much, too many - trop. Note that when trop precedes a noun, de is usually placed between them.
Il est tôt
early - tôt
Il est tard
late - tard. Note the use of Il est instead of C'est here. The latter would only be appropriate if the following adverb (tard) were modified: C'est trop tard -- "It's too late."
earlier - plus tôt. Note that this literally means "more early."
later - plus tard. Note that this literally means "more late."
See you later!
À plus tard!
see you later - à plus tard
I'm arriving/coming soon
soon - bientôt
See you soon!
see you soon - à bientôt
good (adj.) - bon, bien. Note that bon is typically used as an adjective, while bien can also be used as an adverb -- "well."
a good week
une bonne semaine
a week - une semaine
Have a good weekend!
a weekend - un week-end. An alternative is the feminine term fin de semaine, which literally translates to "end of the week."
I am hungry
to be hungry - avoir faim. The above sentence translates literally to "I have hunger."
She is perfect
Elle est parfaite
perfect - parfait
The house is great
La maison est géniale
great, fantastic - génial. Note that génial also translates to "brilliant" or "of genius."
A large pizza, please
Une grande pizza, s'il vous plaît
a pizza - une pizza
I have (some) ice cream
J'ai de la glace
ice cream - la glace. In French, a distinction must be made between ice cream in general (de la glace) and a single portion of ice cream (une glace).
He is always happy
Il est toujours heureux
always - toujours. In French, most adverbs follow the verbs they modify. Also note that for the most part, French adverbs are invariable.
What are the three types of infinitive verb endings in French?
- -ER, as in parler (to speak)
- -IR, as in finir (to finish)
- all other endings including -RE and -OIR, as in entendre (to hear) or voir (to see)
What are the present tense conjugation endings of 1st group (-ER) verbs?
-e -es -e -ons -ez -ent
For example, for parler, which means "to speak": je parle, tu parles, il/elle/on parle, nous parlons, vous parlez, ils/elles parlent.
to walk - marcher. In the second-person singular of the present tense, verbs with infinitives ending in -ER adopt the ending -es.
to speak, to talk - parler. In the first-person plural of the present tense, verbs with infinitives ending in -ER adopt the ending -ons.
You talk a lot
Tu parles beaucoup
a lot - beaucoup. Most adverbs immediately follow conjugated verbs. Beaucoup can also function as an adjective when followed by de: beaucoup de pizza -- "many pizzas/a lot of pizza."
They have a lot of candy
Ils ont beaucoup de bonbons
(a piece of) candy - un bonbon. The plural form of this masculine noun is used to designate "some candy" or "sweets," while its singular form un bonbon is used to denote a single piece of candy.
The girls dance
Les filles dansent
to dance - danser. In the third-person plural of the present tense, verbs with infinitives ending in -ER adopt the ending -ent.
She sings well
Elle chante bien
to sing - chanter. In the third-person singular of the present tense, verbs with infinitives ending in -ER adopt the ending -e.
I work a lot
Je travaille beaucoup
to work - travailler. In the first-person singular of the present tense, verbs with infinitives ending in -ER adopt the ending -e.
You eat a lot
Tu manges beaucoup
to eat - manger
I sing badly
Je chante mal
badly - mal. Recall that when an adverb modifies a conjugated verb, it immediately follows the verb.
I love pizza
J'adore la pizza
to love (something) - adorer. There are two ways to say "to love" in French: adorer and aimer. Adorer is used to describe fondness for an object, activity, event, celebrity, or friend (but not for a romantic lover).
You (plural) hate sweets
Vous détestez les bonbons
to hate - détester. In the second-person plural of the present tense, verbs with infinitives ending in -ER adopt the ending -ez.
Conjugate the verb arriver in the present tense.
- tu arrives
- il/elle/on arrive
- nous arrivons
- vous arrivez
- ils/elles arrivent
This is a regular -ER verb.
I love my house
J'adore ma maison
my (singular) - mon/ma. These are the possessive adjectives for je when referring to singular nouns. Possessive adjectives agree in gender and number with the noun: they agree with what is possessed, not with the possessor.
My friends are rich
Mes copains sont riches
my (plural) - mes. This is the possessive adjective for je when referring to plural nouns, regardless of gender. Note how it agrees in number with the noun.
I love my life
J'adore ma vie
life - la vie
(to a close friend) Your friend is hungry
Ton ami a faim
your (singular) - ton/ta. Ton and ta are the possessive adjectives for tu when referring to singular nouns.
Your (female) students are brilliant
Tes étudiantes sont brillantes
your (plural) - tes. This is the possessive adjective for tu when referring to plural nouns, regardless of gender.
I have his table
J'ai sa table
his/her (singular) - son/sa. These are the possessive adjectives for il/elle/on when referring to singular nouns.
We have her candy
Nous avons ses bonbons
his/her (plural) - ses. This is the possessive adjective for il/elle/on when referring to plural nouns.
I like candy
J'aime les bonbons
to like - aimer. This verb means "to like" when applied to things. When applied to people, it means "to love (romantically)."
He loves his girlfriend
Il aime sa petite amie
to love (someone) - aimer. Recall that generally, when dealing with objects instead of people, aimer means "to like."
She is in love with Paul
Elle est amoureuse de Paul
in love (with) - amoureux (de). Amoureux can be used without the preposition de to mean "romantic."
We always win
Nous gagnons toujours
to win - gagner. Note that gagner de l'argent means "to earn money."
I like our house
J'aime notre maison
our - notre/nos. Notre is the possessive adjective for nous when referring to a singular noun, regardless of gender. Nos is the possessive adjective for nous when referring to a plural noun.
He likes music
Il aime la musique
music - la musique
You (informal) play piano
Tu joues du piano
to play - jouer. Note that piano is a masculine noun. Also note that jouer de refers to playing a musical instrument, whereas jouer à refers to playing a game or a sport.
Marcel plays guitar
Marcel joue de la guitare
a guitar - une guitare
We play basketball too
Nous jouons au basket aussi
also, as well, too - aussi. The word for "basketball" is le basket-ball, often shortened to le basket. Note how à le is contracted to au.
You guys like your house, no?
Vous aimez votre maison, non?
your (plural/formal) - votre/vos. These are the possessive adjectives for vous.
The girls love their boyfriends
Les filles aiment leurs petits amis
their - leur/leurs. These are the possessive adjectives for ils/elles.
They listen to pop music
Ils écoutent de la musique pop
to listen - écouter
My (female) friend talks a lot
Mon amie parle beaucoup
Note that ma changes to mon when the (feminine) noun begins with a vowel sound. The same applies to ta and sa: they change to ton and son, respectively.
She has a small car
Elle a une petite voiture
a car - une voiture
They have our keys
Ils ont nos clés
a key - une clé/clef. Both spellings are pronounced the same way and are entirely interchangeable.
The car works very well
La voiture marche très bien
to function, to work - marcher. Note this second meaning of the verb marcher, in addition to the meaning "to walk."
I really like her convertible
J'aime beaucoup son cabriolet
a convertible - un cabriolet. The French here translates more directly to "I like her convertible a lot."
They are in the car
Ils sont dans la voiture
in - dans. The preposition dans can also mean "within" or "into."
I think a lot
Je pense beaucoup
to think - penser. This verb is conjugated in the present as follows: je pense, tu penses, il/elle/on pense, nous pensons, vous pensez, ils/elles pensent.
I think about Marie
Je pense à Marie
to think about (someone, something) - penser à. In this case "about" is translated with the preposition à. Very common in French, à can have various meanings -- including "to" and "toward" -- depending on context.
I have a good book
J'ai un bon livre
a book - un livre
She is a teacher
C'est une enseignante
a teacher - un enseignant. Note that it is common to use c'est rather than il/elle est, even for a person. C'est must be followed by an indefinite article (un/une), while il/elle est should NOT: Elle est enseignante.
She is a (primary school) teacher
C'est une institutrice
a teacher (primary school) - un(e) instituteur/-trice. Note that when addressing primary (and sometimes middle) school teachers, students usually use the noun maître/-esse.
a (middle/high school) teacher, a professor
a (middle/high school) teacher, a professor - un professeur. In written form, professeur is always a masculine noun. When spoken, especially with the colloquial abbreviation prof, you can use the feminine form -- une prof.
It's an American school
C'est une école américaine
school - l'école
The middle school is big
Le collège est grand
middle school - le collège. Note that the French word for "college" or "university" is the feminine université.
a good high school
un bon lycée
high school - le lycée. Note that although most nouns ending in an "e" are feminine, lycée is masculine.
I study mathematics
J'étudie les mathématiques
to study - étudier. After étudier, you should always use an article before the noun. Note also that mathématiques is a special noun that can only be plural.
She is studying with a friend
Elle révise avec un ami
to study, to review, to revise - réviser. Note that this verb is different from étudier, which means to study a subject regularly or in general. Réviser pertains instead to studying for something specific like an exam or a quiz.
She enters the house
Elle entre dans la maison
enter - entrer
I am studying at home
J'étudie à la maison
at home - à la maison. This literally translates to "at the house."
They are coming (back) home
Ils rentrent à la maison
to come home, to come back - rentrer. To express "to come (back) to" you use rentrer à, while to express "to come (back) from" you would use rentrer de.
We're finally home
Nous sommes enfin à la maison
finally - enfin
The boys are interesting
Les garçons sont intéressants
interesting - intéressant
Is he a professor?
Note that things are often inversed in questions, such that the pronoun comes after the verb, joined by a dash. Another example: "Do you have my book?" translates as As-tu mon livre?
Are you guys classmates?
Êtes-vous camarades de classe?
a classmate - un(e) camarade (de classe)
We have homework
Nous avons des devoirs
homework - les devoirs. Used here as a plural masculine noun, devoir is also a verb, meaning "to owe" or "to have to."
You speak very quickly
Tu parles très vite
quickly - vite. Note that when an adverb (in this case, très) modifies another adverb (vite), it precedes that adverb.
I am often sad
Je suis souvent triste
often - souvent. Note that when adverbs modify adjectives, they usually precede the adjectives.
We're coming home by car
Nous rentrons (à la maison) en voiture
to go home by (means of transportation) - rentrer en. The preposition en can be used to introduce most modes of transportation. Note that en can also mean "in" or "inside."
You (singular) live a good life
Tu vis une bonne vie
to live - vivre. This is an irregular verb: je vis, tu vis, il/elle/on vit, nous vivons, vous vivez, ils/elles vivent.
I live in France
J'habite en France
to live, to reside - habiter. Note that habiter is a regular -ER verb. Also note that it is different from vivre in that it is used to speak about one's place of residence.
We're coming home by train
Nous rentrons (à la maison) en train
a train - un train
What are the present tense conjugation endings of 2nd group (-IR) verbs?
-is -is -it -issons -issez -issent
For example, for finir, which means "to finish": je finis, tu finis, il/elle/on finit, nous finissons, vous finissez, ils/elles finissent.
I choose to work
Je choisis de travailler
to choose - choisir. Note that you translate "to choose to" with choisir de. In the first-person singular of the present tense, regular -IR verbs take the ending -is.
You react badly
Tu réagis mal
to react - réagir. In the second-person singular of the present tense, regular -IR verbs take the ending -is.
Is the train long?
Le train est-il long?
long - long. Note that the feminine form is longue.
Does she concentrate well?
to reflect, to ponder, to concentrate - réfléchir. In the third-person singular of the present tense, regular -IR verbs take the ending -it.
We are growing old
to age, to grow old - vieillir. In the first-person plural of the present tense, regular -IR verbs take the ending -issons.
You guys grow up fast
Vous grandissez vite
to grow (up), to expand - grandir. In the second-person plural of the present tense, regular -IR verbs take the ending -issez.
They always succeed
Ils réussissent toujours
to succeed - réussir. In the third-person plural of the present tense, regular -IR verbs take the ending -issent.
I finish my work
Je finis mon travail
to finish - finir. Note that travail is a masculine noun.
Is the book on the table?
Le livre est-il sur la table?
on - sur. This preposition usually means "on," but it can also take other meanings, depending on context. For instance, deux fois sur quatre means "two times out of four." No matter what, note that sur should be followed by a noun.
The teacher punishes the students
Le professeur punit les étudiants
to punish - punir
I am counting on Marie!
Je compte sur Marie!
to count on - compter sur
Our homework is easy
Nos devoirs sont faciles
easy - facile
French is difficult
Le français est difficile
difficult, hard - difficile
She finishes her homework easily
Elle finit ses devoirs facilement
easily - facilement. Note that many adverbs are formed by adding the suffix -ment to adjectives (in this case, facile, or "easy").
You (plural) slim down easily
Vous maigrissez facilement
to slim down, to lose weight - maigrir
He often puts on weight
Il grossit souvent
to gain/put on weight - grossir
What are the most common present tense conjugation endings for 3rd group (-RE and -OIR) verbs?
-s -s -t/-d -ons -ez -ent
For comprendre, which means "to understand": je comprends, tu comprends, il/elle/on comprend, nous comprenons, vous comprenez, ils/elles comprennent.
Conjugate the verb entendre, "to hear," in the present tense.
- tu entends
- il/elle/on entend
- nous entendons
- vous entendez
- ils/elles entendent
Verbs with the same infinitive ending, like prendre (to take), apprendre (to learn), and comprendre (to understand), share the same conjugation endings in the present.
She doesn't speak
Elle ne parle pas
not - ne... pas. To make a sentence or question negative as you would with the word "not" in English, first place ne after the subject and before the verb. Then put the negative adverb pas after the conjugated verb. If the verb starts with a vowel, ne becomes n'.
He never eats
Il ne mange jamais
never - ne... jamais. Note how negation is formed here by simply replacing pas with jamais. Note also that you can use jamais on its own, usually as the answer to a question, meaning "never."
You guys don't work anymore
Vous ne travaillez plus
no more, not anymore, no longer - ne... plus
I do not hear anything/ I hear nothing
Je n'entends rien
not anything, nothing - ne... rien. In a positive sentence such as "Anything will work," there is a different French word for "anything": n'importe quoi.
They eat soup. They do not eat soup. They no longer eat soup. They never eat soup
Ils mangent de la soupe. Ils ne mangent pas de soupe. Ils ne mangent plus de soupe. Ils ne mangent jamais de soupe
Notice how in a negative construction, the partitive article changes to de. This change happens for the articles un, une, du, de la, de l', des.
He is a bad friend
C'est un mauvais ami
bad - mauvais. Note the use of c'est to introduce the modified noun. When deciding between c'est and il est before a noun, remember to use c'est for modified nouns and il est for unmodified nouns.
We are taking a train
Nous prenons un train
to take - prendre. This is a very common verb. Its conjugations in the present are: je prends, tu prends, il/elle/on prend, nous prenons, vous prenez, ils/elles prennent.
He is taking the plane
Il prend l'avion
an airplane - un avion
They are taking the boat
Ils prennent le bateau
a boat - un bateau
It's a strange boat
C'est un bateau bizarre
weird, strange - bizarre, étrange
They learn to play piano
Ils apprennent à jouer du piano
to learn - apprendre. This verb is conjugated in the present tense as follows: j'apprends, tu apprends, il/elle/on apprend, nous apprenons, vous apprenez, ils/elles apprennent.
You guys hear well
Vous entendez bien
to hear - entendre. This verb is conjugated in similar fashion to the verbs prendre and apprendre.
You hear everything
Tu entends tout
everything - tout. Note that tout is a common word that can take several different meanings, including "every," "each," and "all." It is invariable here because it functions as a noun and not an adjective.
Do they understand everything?
to understand - comprendre
We lose money
Nous perdons de l'argent
to lose - perdre. This verb is conjugated in the present tense as follows: je perds, tu perds, il/elle/on perd, nous perdons, vous perdez, ils/elles perdent.
We sleep a lot
Nous dormons beaucoup
to sleep - dormir. Note that dormir is not a regular -IR verb. In the present tense, it is conjugated like so: je dors, tu dors, il/elle/on dort, nous dormons, vous dormez, ils/elles dorment.
You guys always lie
Vous mentez toujours
to lie - mentir. Note that mentir is not a regular -IR verb: je mens, tu mens, il/elle/on ment, nous mentons, vous mentez, ils/elles mentent.
They feel bad
Ils se sentent mal
to feel - (se) sentir, ressentir. These are not regular -IR verbs. Note also that sentir is often used in the reflexive form. We will learn about reflexive verbs elsewhere.
She dies in the movie
Elle meurt dans le film
to die - mourir. Note that mourir is not a regular -IR verb. Also note that film, "movie," is masculine.
He writes good books
Il écrit des bons livres
to write - écrire. This verb is conjugated in the present as follows: j'écris, tu écris, il/elle/on écrit, nous écrivons, vous écrivez, ils/elles écrivent.
I receive a lot of letters
Je reçois beaucoup de lettres
to receive - recevoir. Note that after adverbs of quantity like beaucoup, de is used instead of the partitive article (des).
Do you (plural) believe in Julie?
Croyez-vous en Julie?
to believe - croire. In the present tense, this verb is conjugated as follows: je crois, tu crois, il/elle/on croit, nous croyons, vous croyez, ils/elles croient.
Conjugate the verb vouloir, "to want," in the present tense.
- je veux
- tu veux
- il/elle/on veut
- nous voulons
- vous voulez
- ils/elles veulent
They want a child
Ils veulent un enfant
to want - vouloir. Remember that vouloir is an irregular verb.
He can play the piano
Il peut jouer du piano
to be able to - pouvoir. Note that pouvoir is an irregular verb: je peux, tu peux, il/elle/on peut, nous pouvons, vous pouvez, ils/elles peuvent.
We can cook easily
Nous pouvons cuisiner facilement
to cook - cuisiner
I am doing my homework
Je fais mes devoirs
to do, to make - faire. Note that faire is one of the most common French verbs. It is irregular and used in several expressions.
Conjugate the verb faire, "to do," in the present tense.
- je fais
- tu fais
- il/elle/on fait
- nous faisons
- vous faites
- ils/elles font
He is making dinner
Il fait à manger
to make a meal - (se) faire à manger. Note that this literally means "to make to eat." The reflexive form, se faire à manger, means "to make oneself a meal."
It's a good breakfast
C'est un bon petit déjeuner
breakfast - le petit déjeuner
We do not want a bad lunch
Nous ne voulons pas un mauvais déjeuner
lunch - le déjeuner. Note that déjeuner is also a regular -ER verb meaning "to eat lunch."
He wants a big dinner
Il veut un grand dîner
dinner - le dîner. Note that dîner is also a verb meaning "to have dinner."
I want to eat a snack
Je veux manger un encas
a snack - un encas. This noun does not change in the plural since it already ends with an "s." As an alternative, you could use the noun un goûter. Finally, note the construction vouloir + infinitive.
I am right
to be right - avoir raison. This literally translates as "to have reason."
You are wrong
Tu as tort
to be wrong - avoir tort
He makes a decision
Il prend une décision
a decision - une décision. Note that "to make a decision" is prendre une décision, not faire une décision.
He asks Paul to make a meal
Il demande à Paul de faire à manger
to ask - demander. This verb is often followed by the preposition à. The construction demander à + person + de + infinitive is common, and means "to ask someone to do something."
Conjugate the verb demander in the present tense.
- je demande
- tu demandes
- il/elle/on demande
- nous demandons
- vous demandez
- ils/elles demandent
I understand the question
Je comprends la question
a question - une question. Note that the verb "to question" also exists in French -- questionner.
She asks Marie a question
Elle pose une question à Marie
to ask a question - poser une question. Note that "to ask questions" is poser des questions.
I go to work by car
Je vais au travail en voiture
to go - aller. Note that aller is one of the most common French verbs. It is irregular. Also note how à le must be changed to au.
Conjugate the verb aller, "to go," in the present tense.
- je vais
- tu vas
- il/elle/on va
- nous allons
- vous allez
- ils/elles vont
Give examples of 3rd group/irregular verbs (i.e. verbs not from the regular -ER and -IR groups).
entendre, comprendre, voir, boire, pouvoir
The 3rd group of French verbs comprises non-ER and non-IR verbs, as well as irregular -ER and -IR verbs. Recall that there are many irregular verbs in French, most of them among the most commonly used verbs.
She is thinking about going to school
Elle pense aller à l'école
The construction penser + infinitive means "to consider/think about doing something."
She thinks that you are right
Elle pense que tu as raison
that (conjunction) - que. Que is an important word that has several uses. Used as a conjunction, as above, it means "that."
What are you doing?
Qu'est-ce que tu fais?
what (in a question) - qu'est-ce que. Note that here que has been contracted to qu'.
What is he doing?
what (in a question with inversion) - que. Note that the common structure here is: interrogative word + verb + pronoun. When "what" is the subject of the question and placed before the verb, you can begin the sentence with Que and then invert the verb and subject.
(informal) You're doing what?
Tu fais quoi?
what (direct object in a question) - quoi. This is an informal construction frequently used instead of its more formal equivalent: Que fais-tu?
I understand what she is doing
Je comprends ce qu'elle fait
what (as the direct object in a sentence) - ce que. Note how ce que becomes ce qu' when followed by a vowel sound.
You sing, which is funny
Tu chantes, ce qui est drôle
which (as a pronoun) - ce qui
Which middle school?
which/what - quel. When "what" precedes a noun, the correct translation is always quel. If the noun is feminine, use quelle.
Who am I?
who - qui. Note that the common interrogative form is: interrogative word + verb-pronoun.
When can she go?
Quand peut-elle aller?
when - quand
Why do you study?
why - pourquoi
I am eating because I am hungry
Je mange parce que j'ai faim
because - parce que
Where is my book?
Où est mon livre?
where - où. Note that the verb remains conjugated in the third-person singular form to match the direct object, "book."
How are you?
how - comment. Comment vas-tu? literally translates as "How are you going?" instead of the English phrasing "How are you?" Alternatively, you can say Comment ça va?
How much money do you have?
Combien d'argent as-tu?
how much, how many - combien. Note that there is no difference in French between the questions "How much?" and "How many?"
What is a convertible?
Qu'est-ce qu'un cabriolet?
What is a... - Qu'est-ce qu'un/une...
What does "snack" mean?
Que veut dire "encas"?
What does ___ mean? - Que veut dire ___?
What do you think about the dinner?
Que penses-tu du dîner?
to have an opinion about, to think about - penser de. Recall that penser à means "to think about (someone, something)." Penser de, on the other hand, means "to have an opinion about" someone or something.
Why is the dinner so important?
Pourquoi le dîner est-il tellement important?
so, so much - tellement. This adverb can also mean "to such a degree" or "in such a manner." An alternative is si: Pourquoi le dîner est-il si important?
Here is a good example
Voici un bon exemple
here is, this is - voici. Exemple is a masculine noun. Note that you would still use Voici even if the sentence began "Here are..."
There is my car
Voilà ma voiture
here is, there is - voilà. Note how in this case voilà functions as a presentative.
That is why I can't cook
Voilà pourquoi je ne peux pas cuisiner
that is why - voilà. This word is difficult to translate directly into English, as it has many different uses.
The whole house is beautiful
Toute la maison est belle
the whole, all of, every - tout + definite article. Note the feminine form of tout, toute. Here you are essentially saying "All of the house is beautiful." The plural toutes les maisons would mean "all of the houses" or "every house."
All of the trains are long
Tous les trains sont longs
the whole, all of, every (plural) - tous + definite article. Note that the feminine form of tous is toutes.
He is eating each snack
Il mange chaque encas
each, every - chaque. The indefinite adjective chaque always takes a singular noun and/or the third-person singular verb form: Chaque train est long.
All right (then)!
all right - d'accord. Note that d'accord is only used as an affirmation (to agree with someone), never as a description (to say something is "all right"). "To agree" or "to be in agreement" is expressed with the construction être d'accord.
They are perfect together
Ils sont parfaits ensemble
together - ensemble. Note that ensemble is an invariable adverb.
I study for school
J'étudie pour l'école
for - pour. Note that pour can also be used to mean "to" or "in order to."
I eat in order to live
Je mange afin de vivre
in order to, so (as to) - afin de. This expression is usually followed by an infinitive. As an alternative, you could use pour.
We're together; I'm glad
Nous sommes ensemble; je suis content
pleased, glad - content. Note that content usually refers to a momentary state (often due to a specific reason) instead of a general state of happiness.
Anyway, we're coming home
D'ailleurs, on rentre à la maison
anyway, incidentally - d'ailleurs
Do you have another boat?
As-tu un autre bateau?
other, another, different - autre. The plural form is d'autres: d'autres enfants means "other kids." Autre can also be used as a noun: les autres means "the others."
The two boys are very different
Les deux garçons sont très différents
different - différent
He wants a different house
Il veut une autre maison
other, another, different - autre. Note how in this case autre is used, not différent. Here you are essentially saying "He wants another house." Meanwhile, "The house is different" would be translated as La maison est différente.
Most fundamentally, the prepositions dans and en both mean "in." However, they are used differently and are not interchangeable. Describe some basic differences in usage.
Dans expresses an amount of time before something will happen: Nous mangeons dans deux minutes -- "We're eating in two minutes." It also means "in" when used with an article and a noun: dans la maison -- "in the house."
En indicates how long something takes: Je peux faire mes devoirs en trois minutes -- "I can do my homework in three minutes." It also means "in" when used with a noun without an article: en classe -- "in class/school."