hi (informal, friendly) - coucou. Note that coucou is only used with friends and family members.
honey, sweetie (informal) - chéri. Note that the feminine form would be chérie.
kiss(es) - bisou(s)
I have too many friends
J'ai trop de copains
too much, too many - trop. Note that when trop precedes a noun, de is usually placed between them.
Il est tôt
early - tôt
Il est tard
late - tard. Note the use of Il est instead of C'est here. The latter would only be appropriate if the following adverb (tard) were modified: C'est trop tard -- "It's too late."
earlier - plus tôt. Note that this literally means "more early."
later - plus tard. Note that this literally means "more late."
See you later!
À plus tard!
see you later - à plus tard
I'm arriving/coming soon
soon - bientôt
See you soon!
see you soon - à bientôt
good (adj.) - bon, bien. Note that bon is typically used as an adjective, while bien can also be used as an adverb -- "well."
a good week
une bonne semaine
a week - une semaine
Have a good weekend!
a weekend - un week-end. An alternative is the feminine term fin de semaine, which literally translates to "end of the week."
I am hungry
to be hungry - avoir faim. The above sentence translates literally to "I have hunger."
She is perfect
Elle est parfaite
perfect - parfait
The house is great
La maison est géniale
great, fantastic - génial. Note that génial also translates to "brilliant" or "of genius."
A large pizza, please
Une grande pizza, s'il vous plaît
a pizza - une pizza
I have (some) ice cream
J'ai de la glace
ice cream - la glace. In French, a distinction must be made between ice cream in general (de la glace) and a single portion of ice cream (une glace).
He is always happy
Il est toujours heureux
always - toujours. In French, most adverbs follow the verbs they modify. Also note that for the most part, French adverbs are invariable.
What are the three types of infinitive verb endings in French?
- -ER, as in parler (to speak)
- -IR, as in finir (to finish)
- all other endings including -RE and -OIR, as in entendre (to hear) or voir (to see)
What are the present tense conjugation endings of 1st group (-ER) verbs?
-e -es -e -ons -ez -ent
For example, for parler, which means "to speak": je parle, tu parles, il/elle/on parle, nous parlons, vous parlez, ils/elles parlent.
to walk - marcher. In the second-person singular of the present tense, verbs with infinitives ending in -ER adopt the ending -es.
to speak, to talk - parler. In the first-person plural of the present tense, verbs with infinitives ending in -ER adopt the ending -ons.
You talk a lot
Tu parles beaucoup
a lot - beaucoup. Most adverbs immediately follow conjugated verbs. Beaucoup can also function as an adjective when followed by de: beaucoup de pizza -- "many pizzas/a lot of pizza."
They have a lot of candy
Ils ont beaucoup de bonbons
(a piece of) candy - un bonbon. The plural form of this masculine noun is used to designate "some candy" or "sweets," while its singular form un bonbon is used to denote a single piece of candy.
The girls dance
Les filles dansent
to dance - danser. In the third-person plural of the present tense, verbs with infinitives ending in -ER adopt the ending -ent.
She sings well
Elle chante bien
to sing - chanter. In the third-person singular of the present tense, verbs with infinitives ending in -ER adopt the ending -e.
I work a lot
Je travaille beaucoup
to work - travailler. In the first-person singular of the present tense, verbs with infinitives ending in -ER adopt the ending -e.
You eat a lot
Tu manges beaucoup
to eat - manger