Lesson 2 Flashcards Preview

French Level 1 > Lesson 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lesson 2 Deck (181):



hi (informal, friendly) - coucou. Note that coucou is only used with friends and family members.


Hi honey!

Coucou chéri!

honey, sweetie (informal) - chéri. Note that the feminine form would be chérie.




kiss(es) - bisou(s)


I have too many friends

J'ai trop de copains

too much, too many - trop. Note that when trop precedes a noun, de is usually placed between them.


It's early

Il est tôt

early - tôt


It's late

Il est tard

late - tard. Note the use of Il est instead of C'est here. The latter would only be appropriate if the following adverb (tard) were modified: C'est trop tard -- "It's too late."



plus tôt

earlier - plus tôt. Note that this literally means "more early."



plus tard

later - plus tard. Note that this literally means "more late."


See you later!

À plus tard!

see you later - à plus tard


I'm arriving/coming soon

J'arrive bientôt

soon - bientôt


See you soon!

À bientôt!

see you soon - à bientôt



bon, bien

good (adj.) - bon, bien. Note that bon is typically used as an adjective, while bien can also be used as an adverb -- "well."


a good week

une bonne semaine

a week - une semaine


Have a good weekend!

Bon week-end!

a weekend - un week-end. An alternative is the feminine term fin de semaine, which literally translates to "end of the week."


I am hungry

J'ai faim

to be hungry - avoir faim. The above sentence translates literally to "I have hunger."


She is perfect

Elle est parfaite

perfect - parfait


The house is great

La maison est géniale

great, fantastic - génial. Note that génial also translates to "brilliant" or "of genius."


A large pizza, please

Une grande pizza, s'il vous plaît

a pizza - une pizza


I have (some) ice cream

J'ai de la glace

ice cream - la glace. In French, a distinction must be made between ice cream in general (de la glace) and a single portion of ice cream (une glace).


He is always happy

Il est toujours heureux

always - toujours. In French, most adverbs follow the verbs they modify. Also note that for the most part, French adverbs are invariable.


What are the three types of infinitive verb endings in French?

  • -ER, as in parler (to speak)
  • -IR, as in finir (to finish)
  • all other endings including -RE and -OIR, as in entendre (to hear) or voir (to see)


What are the present tense conjugation endings of 1st group (-ER) verbs?

-e -es -e -ons -ez -ent

For example, for parler, which means "to speak": je parle, tu parles, il/elle/on parle, nous parlons, vous parlez, ils/elles parlent.


You walk

Tu marches

to walk - marcher. In the second-person singular of the present tense, verbs with infinitives ending in -ER adopt the ending -es.


We talk

Nous parlons

to speak, to talk - parler. In the first-person plural of the present tense, verbs with infinitives ending in -ER adopt the ending -ons.


You talk a lot

Tu parles beaucoup

a lot - beaucoup. Most adverbs immediately follow conjugated verbs. Beaucoup can also function as an adjective when followed by de: beaucoup de pizza -- "many pizzas/a lot of pizza."


They have a lot of candy

Ils ont beaucoup de bonbons

(a piece of) candy - un bonbon. The plural form of this masculine noun is used to designate "some candy" or "sweets," while its singular form un bonbon is used to denote a single piece of candy.


The girls dance

Les filles dansent

to dance - danser. In the third-person plural of the present tense, verbs with infinitives ending in -ER adopt the ending -ent.


She sings well

Elle chante bien

to sing - chanter. In the third-person singular of the present tense, verbs with infinitives ending in -ER adopt the ending -e.


I work a lot

Je travaille beaucoup

to work - travailler. In the first-person singular of the present tense, verbs with infinitives ending in -ER adopt the ending -e.


You eat a lot

Tu manges beaucoup

to eat - manger


I sing badly

Je chante mal

badly - mal. Recall that when an adverb modifies a conjugated verb, it immediately follows the verb.


I love pizza

J'adore la pizza

to love (something) - adorer. There are two ways to say "to love" in French: adorer and aimer. Adorer is used to describe fondness for an object, activity, event, celebrity, or friend (but not for a romantic lover).


You (plural) hate sweets

Vous détestez les bonbons

to hate - détester. In the second-person plural of the present tense, verbs with infinitives ending in -ER adopt the ending -ez.


Conjugate the verb arriver in the present tense.

  • j'arrive
  • tu arrives
  • il/elle/on arrive
  • nous arrivons
  • vous arrivez
  • ils/elles arrivent

This is a regular -ER verb.


I love my house

J'adore ma maison

my (singular) - mon/ma. These are the possessive adjectives for je when referring to singular nouns. Possessive adjectives agree in gender and number with the noun: they agree with what is possessed, not with the possessor.


My friends are rich

Mes copains sont riches

my (plural) - mes. This is the possessive adjective for je when referring to plural nouns, regardless of gender. Note how it agrees in number with the noun.


I love my life

J'adore ma vie

life - la vie


(to a close friend) Your friend is hungry

Ton ami a faim

your (singular) - ton/ta. Ton and ta are the possessive adjectives for tu when referring to singular nouns.


Your (female) students are brilliant

Tes étudiantes sont brillantes

your (plural) - tes. This is the possessive adjective for tu when referring to plural nouns, regardless of gender.


I have his table

J'ai sa table

his/her (singular) - son/sa. These are the possessive adjectives for il/elle/on when referring to singular nouns.


We have her candy

Nous avons ses bonbons

his/her (plural) - ses. This is the possessive adjective for il/elle/on when referring to plural nouns.


I like candy

J'aime les bonbons

to like - aimer. This verb means "to like" when applied to things. When applied to people, it means "to love (romantically)."


He loves his girlfriend

Il aime sa petite amie

to love (someone) - aimer. Recall that generally, when dealing with objects instead of people, aimer means "to like."


She is in love with Paul

Elle est amoureuse de Paul

in love (with) - amoureux (de). Amoureux can be used without the preposition de to mean "romantic."


We always win

Nous gagnons toujours

to win - gagner. Note that gagner de l'argent means "to earn money."


I like our house

J'aime notre maison

our - notre/nos. Notre is the possessive adjective for nous when referring to a singular noun, regardless of gender. Nos is the possessive adjective for nous when referring to a plural noun.


He likes music

Il aime la musique

music - la musique


You (informal) play piano

Tu joues du piano

to play - jouer. Note that piano is a masculine noun. Also note that jouer de refers to playing a musical instrument, whereas jouer à refers to playing a game or a sport.


Marcel plays guitar

Marcel joue de la guitare

a guitar - une guitare


We play basketball too

Nous jouons au basket aussi

also, as well, too - aussi. The word for "basketball" is le basket-ball, often shortened to le basket. Note how à le is contracted to au.


You guys like your house, no?

Vous aimez votre maison, non?

your (plural/formal) - votre/vos. These are the possessive adjectives for vous.


The girls love their boyfriends

Les filles aiment leurs petits amis

their - leur/leurs. These are the possessive adjectives for ils/elles.


They listen to pop music

Ils écoutent de la musique pop

to listen - écouter


My (female) friend talks a lot

Mon amie parle beaucoup

Note that ma changes to mon when the (feminine) noun begins with a vowel sound. The same applies to ta and sa: they change to ton and son, respectively.


She has a small car

Elle a une petite voiture

a car - une voiture


They have our keys

Ils ont nos clés

a key - une clé/clef. Both spellings are pronounced the same way and are entirely interchangeable.


The car works very well

La voiture marche très bien

to function, to work - marcher. Note this second meaning of the verb marcher, in addition to the meaning "to walk."


I really like her convertible

J'aime beaucoup son cabriolet

a convertible - un cabriolet. The French here translates more directly to "I like her convertible a lot."


They are in the car

Ils sont dans la voiture

in - dans. The preposition dans can also mean "within" or "into."


I think a lot

Je pense beaucoup

to think - penser. This verb is conjugated in the present as follows: je pense, tu penses, il/elle/on pense, nous pensons, vous pensez, ils/elles pensent.


I think about Marie

Je pense à Marie

to think about (someone, something) - penser à. In this case "about" is translated with the preposition à. Very common in French, à can have various meanings -- including "to" and "toward" -- depending on context.


I have a good book

J'ai un bon livre

a book - un livre


She is a teacher

C'est une enseignante

a teacher - un enseignant. Note that it is common to use c'est rather than il/elle est, even for a person. C'est must be followed by an indefinite article (un/une), while il/elle est should NOT: Elle est enseignante.


She is a (primary school) teacher

C'est une institutrice

a teacher (primary school) - un(e) instituteur/-trice. Note that when addressing primary (and sometimes middle) school teachers, students usually use the noun maître/-esse.


a (middle/high school) teacher, a professor

un professeur

a (middle/high school) teacher, a professor - un professeur. In written form, professeur is always a masculine noun. When spoken, especially with the colloquial abbreviation prof, you can use the feminine form -- une prof.


It's an American school

C'est une école américaine

school - l'école


The middle school is big

Le collège est grand

middle school - le collège. Note that the French word for "college" or "university" is the feminine université.


a good high school

un bon lycée

high school - le lycée. Note that although most nouns ending in an "e" are feminine, lycée is masculine.


I study mathematics

J'étudie les mathématiques

to study - étudier. After étudier, you should always use an article before the noun. Note also that mathématiques is a special noun that can only be plural.


She is studying with a friend

Elle révise avec un ami

to study, to review, to revise - réviser. Note that this verb is different from étudier, which means to study a subject regularly or in general. Réviser pertains instead to studying for something specific like an exam or a quiz.


She enters the house

Elle entre dans la maison

enter - entrer


I am studying at home

J'étudie à la maison

at home - à la maison. This literally translates to "at the house."


They are coming (back) home

Ils rentrent à la maison

to come home, to come back - rentrer. To express "to come (back) to" you use rentrer à, while to express "to come (back) from" you would use rentrer de.


We're finally home

Nous sommes enfin à la maison

finally - enfin


The boys are interesting

Les garçons sont intéressants

interesting - intéressant


Is he a professor?

Est-il professeur?

Note that things are often inversed in questions, such that the pronoun comes after the verb, joined by a dash. Another example: "Do you have my book?" translates as As-tu mon livre?


Are you guys classmates?

Êtes-vous camarades de classe?

a classmate - un(e) camarade (de classe)


We have homework

Nous avons des devoirs

homework - les devoirs. Used here as a plural masculine noun, devoir is also a verb, meaning "to owe" or "to have to."


You speak very quickly

Tu parles très vite

quickly - vite. Note that when an adverb (in this case, très) modifies another adverb (vite), it precedes that adverb.


I am often sad

Je suis souvent triste

often - souvent. Note that when adverbs modify adjectives, they usually precede the adjectives.


We're coming home by car

Nous rentrons (à la maison) en voiture

to go home by (means of transportation) - rentrer en. The preposition en can be used to introduce most modes of transportation. Note that en can also mean "in" or "inside."


You (singular) live a good life

Tu vis une bonne vie

to live - vivre. This is an irregular verb: je vis, tu vis, il/elle/on vit, nous vivons, vous vivez, ils/elles vivent.


I live in France

J'habite en France

to live, to reside - habiter. Note that habiter is a regular -ER verb. Also note that it is different from vivre in that it is used to speak about one's place of residence.


We're coming home by train

Nous rentrons (à la maison) en train

a train - un train


What are the present tense conjugation endings of 2nd group (-IR) verbs?

-is -is -it -issons -issez -issent

For example, for finir, which means "to finish": je finis, tu finis, il/elle/on finit, nous finissons, vous finissez, ils/elles finissent.


I choose to work

Je choisis de travailler

to choose - choisir. Note that you translate "to choose to" with choisir de. In the first-person singular of the present tense, regular -IR verbs take the ending -is.


You react badly

Tu réagis mal

to react - réagir. In the second-person singular of the present tense, regular -IR verbs take the ending -is.


Is the train long?

Le train est-il long?

long - long. Note that the feminine form is longue.


Does she concentrate well?

Réfléchit-elle bien?

to reflect, to ponder, to concentrate - réfléchir. In the third-person singular of the present tense, regular -IR verbs take the ending -it.


We are growing old

Nous vieillissons

to age, to grow old - vieillir. In the first-person plural of the present tense, regular -IR verbs take the ending -issons.


You guys grow up fast

Vous grandissez vite

to grow (up), to expand - grandir. In the second-person plural of the present tense, regular -IR verbs take the ending -issez.


They always succeed

Ils réussissent toujours

to succeed - réussir. In the third-person plural of the present tense, regular -IR verbs take the ending -issent.


I finish my work

Je finis mon travail

to finish - finir. Note that travail is a masculine noun.


Is the book on the table?

Le livre est-il sur la table?

on - sur. This preposition usually means "on," but it can also take other meanings, depending on context. For instance, deux fois sur quatre means "two times out of four." No matter what, note that sur should be followed by a noun.


The teacher punishes the students

Le professeur punit les étudiants

to punish - punir


I am counting on Marie!

Je compte sur Marie!

to count on - compter sur


Our homework is easy

Nos devoirs sont faciles

easy - facile


French is difficult

Le français est difficile

difficult, hard - difficile


She finishes her homework easily

Elle finit ses devoirs facilement

easily - facilement. Note that many adverbs are formed by adding the suffix -ment to adjectives (in this case, facile, or "easy").


You (plural) slim down easily

Vous maigrissez facilement

to slim down, to lose weight - maigrir


He often puts on weight

Il grossit souvent

to gain/put on weight - grossir


What are the most common present tense conjugation endings for 3rd group (-RE and -OIR) verbs?

-s -s -t/-d -ons -ez -ent

For comprendre, which means "to understand": je comprends, tu comprends, il/elle/on comprend, nous comprenons, vous comprenez, ils/elles comprennent.


Conjugate the verb entendre, "to hear," in the present tense.

  • j'entends
  • tu entends
  • il/elle/on entend
  • nous entendons
  • vous entendez
  • ils/elles entendent

Verbs with the same infinitive ending, like prendre (to take), apprendre (to learn), and comprendre (to understand), share the same conjugation endings in the present.


She doesn't speak

Elle ne parle pas

not - ne... pas. To make a sentence or question negative as you would with the word "not" in English, first place ne after the subject and before the verb. Then put the negative adverb pas after the conjugated verb. If the verb starts with a vowel, ne becomes n'.


He never eats

Il ne mange jamais

never - ne... jamais. Note how negation is formed here by simply replacing pas with jamais. Note also that you can use jamais on its own, usually as the answer to a question, meaning "never."


You guys don't work anymore

Vous ne travaillez plus

no more, not anymore, no longer - ne... plus


I do not hear anything/ I hear nothing

Je n'entends rien

not anything, nothing - ne... rien. In a positive sentence such as "Anything will work," there is a different French word for "anything": n'importe quoi.


They eat soup. They do not eat soup. They no longer eat soup. They never eat soup

Ils mangent de la soupe. Ils ne mangent pas de soupe. Ils ne mangent plus de soupe. Ils ne mangent jamais de soupe

Notice how in a negative construction, the partitive article changes to de. This change happens for the articles un, une, du, de la, de l', des.


He is a bad friend

C'est un mauvais ami

bad - mauvais. Note the use of c'est to introduce the modified noun. When deciding between c'est and il est before a noun, remember to use c'est for modified nouns and il est for unmodified nouns.


We are taking a train

Nous prenons un train

to take - prendre. This is a very common verb. Its conjugations in the present are: je prends, tu prends, il/elle/on prend, nous prenons, vous prenez, ils/elles prennent.


He is taking the plane

Il prend l'avion

an airplane - un avion


They are taking the boat

Ils prennent le bateau

a boat - un bateau


It's a strange boat

C'est un bateau bizarre

weird, strange - bizarre, étrange


They learn to play piano

Ils apprennent à jouer du piano

to learn - apprendre. This verb is conjugated in the present tense as follows: j'apprends, tu apprends, il/elle/on apprend, nous apprenons, vous apprenez, ils/elles apprennent.


You guys hear well

Vous entendez bien

to hear - entendre. This verb is conjugated in similar fashion to the verbs prendre and apprendre.


You hear everything

Tu entends tout

everything - tout. Note that tout is a common word that can take several different meanings, including "every," "each," and "all." It is invariable here because it functions as a noun and not an adjective.


Do they understand everything?

Comprennent-ils tout?

to understand - comprendre


We lose money

Nous perdons de l'argent

to lose - perdre. This verb is conjugated in the present tense as follows: je perds, tu perds, il/elle/on perd, nous perdons, vous perdez, ils/elles perdent.


We sleep a lot

Nous dormons beaucoup

to sleep - dormir. Note that dormir is not a regular -IR verb. In the present tense, it is conjugated like so: je dors, tu dors, il/elle/on dort, nous dormons, vous dormez, ils/elles dorment.


You guys always lie

Vous mentez toujours

to lie - mentir. Note that mentir is not a regular -IR verb: je mens, tu mens, il/elle/on ment, nous mentons, vous mentez, ils/elles mentent.


They feel bad

Ils se sentent mal

to feel - (se) sentir, ressentir. These are not regular -IR verbs. Note also that sentir is often used in the reflexive form. We will learn about reflexive verbs elsewhere.


She dies in the movie

Elle meurt dans le film

to die - mourir. Note that mourir is not a regular -IR verb. Also note that film, "movie," is masculine.


He writes good books

Il écrit des bons livres

to write - écrire. This verb is conjugated in the present as follows: j'écris, tu écris, il/elle/on écrit, nous écrivons, vous écrivez, ils/elles écrivent.


I receive a lot of letters

Je reçois beaucoup de lettres

to receive - recevoir. Note that after adverbs of quantity like beaucoup, de is used instead of the partitive article (des).


Do you (plural) believe in Julie?

Croyez-vous en Julie?

to believe - croire. In the present tense, this verb is conjugated as follows: je crois, tu crois, il/elle/on croit, nous croyons, vous croyez, ils/elles croient.


Conjugate the verb vouloir, "to want," in the present tense.

  • je veux
  • tu veux
  • il/elle/on veut
  • nous voulons
  • vous voulez
  • ils/elles veulent


They want a child

Ils veulent un enfant

to want - vouloir. Remember that vouloir is an irregular verb.


He can play the piano

Il peut jouer du piano

to be able to - pouvoir. Note that pouvoir is an irregular verb: je peux, tu peux, il/elle/on peut, nous pouvons, vous pouvez, ils/elles peuvent.


We can cook easily

Nous pouvons cuisiner facilement

to cook - cuisiner


I am doing my homework

Je fais mes devoirs

to do, to make - faire. Note that faire is one of the most common French verbs. It is irregular and used in several expressions.


Conjugate the verb faire, "to do," in the present tense.

  • je fais
  • tu fais
  • il/elle/on fait
  • nous faisons
  • vous faites
  • ils/elles font


He is making dinner

Il fait à manger

to make a meal - (se) faire à manger. Note that this literally means "to make to eat." The reflexive form, se faire à manger, means "to make oneself a meal."


It's a good breakfast

C'est un bon petit déjeuner

breakfast - le petit déjeuner


We do not want a bad lunch

Nous ne voulons pas un mauvais déjeuner

lunch - le déjeuner. Note that déjeuner is also a regular -ER verb meaning "to eat lunch."


He wants a big dinner

Il veut un grand dîner

dinner - le dîner. Note that dîner is also a verb meaning "to have dinner."


I want to eat a snack

Je veux manger un encas

a snack - un encas. This noun does not change in the plural since it already ends with an "s." As an alternative, you could use the noun un goûter. Finally, note the construction vouloir + infinitive.


I am right

J'ai raison

to be right - avoir raison. This literally translates as "to have reason."


You are wrong

Tu as tort

to be wrong - avoir tort


He makes a decision

Il prend une décision

a decision - une décision. Note that "to make a decision" is prendre une décision, not faire une décision.


He asks Paul to make a meal

Il demande à Paul de faire à manger

to ask - demander. This verb is often followed by the preposition à. The construction demander à + person + de + infinitive is common, and means "to ask someone to do something."


Conjugate the verb demander in the present tense.

  • je demande
  • tu demandes
  • il/elle/on demande
  • nous demandons
  • vous demandez
  • ils/elles demandent


I understand the question

Je comprends la question

a question - une question. Note that the verb "to question" also exists in French -- questionner.


She asks Marie a question

Elle pose une question à Marie

to ask a question - poser une question. Note that "to ask questions" is poser des questions.


I go to work by car

Je vais au travail en voiture

to go - aller. Note that aller is one of the most common French verbs. It is irregular. Also note how à le must be changed to au.


Conjugate the verb aller, "to go," in the present tense.

  • je vais
  • tu vas
  • il/elle/on va
  • nous allons
  • vous allez
  • ils/elles vont


Give examples of 3rd group/irregular verbs (i.e. verbs not from the regular -ER and -IR groups).

entendre, comprendre, voir, boire, pouvoir

The 3rd group of French verbs comprises non-ER and non-IR verbs, as well as irregular -ER and -IR verbs. Recall that there are many irregular verbs in French, most of them among the most commonly used verbs.


She is thinking about going to school

Elle pense aller à l'école

The construction penser + infinitive means "to consider/think about doing something."


She thinks that you are right

Elle pense que tu as raison

that (conjunction) - que. Que is an important word that has several uses. Used as a conjunction, as above, it means "that."


What are you doing?

Qu'est-ce que tu fais?

what (in a question) - qu'est-ce que. Note that here que has been contracted to qu'.


What is he doing?

Que fait-il?

what (in a question with inversion) - que. Note that the common structure here is: interrogative word + verb + pronoun. When "what" is the subject of the question and placed before the verb, you can begin the sentence with Que and then invert the verb and subject.


(informal) You're doing what?

Tu fais quoi?

what (direct object in a question) - quoi. This is an informal construction frequently used instead of its more formal equivalent: Que fais-tu?


I understand what she is doing

Je comprends ce qu'elle fait

what (as the direct object in a sentence) - ce que. Note how ce que becomes ce qu' when followed by a vowel sound.


You sing, which is funny

Tu chantes, ce qui est drôle

which (as a pronoun) - ce qui


Which middle school?

Quel collège?

which/what - quel. When "what" precedes a noun, the correct translation is always quel. If the noun is feminine, use quelle.


Who am I?

Qui suis-je?

who - qui. Note that the common interrogative form is: interrogative word + verb-pronoun.


When can she go?

Quand peut-elle aller?

when - quand


Why do you study?

Pourquoi étudies-tu?

why - pourquoi


I am eating because I am hungry

Je mange parce que j'ai faim

because - parce que


Where is my book?

est mon livre?

where - . Note that the verb remains conjugated in the third-person singular form to match the direct object, "book."


How are you?

Comment vas-tu?

how - comment. Comment vas-tu? literally translates as "How are you going?" instead of the English phrasing "How are you?" Alternatively, you can say Comment ça va?


How much money do you have?

Combien d'argent as-tu?

how much, how many - combien. Note that there is no difference in French between the questions "How much?" and "How many?"


What is a convertible?

Qu'est-ce qu'un cabriolet?

What is a... - Qu'est-ce qu'un/une...


What does "snack" mean?

Que veut dire "encas"?

What does ___ mean? - Que veut dire ___?


What do you think about the dinner?

Que penses-tu du dîner?

to have an opinion about, to think about - penser de. Recall that penser à means "to think about (someone, something)." Penser de, on the other hand, means "to have an opinion about" someone or something.


Why is the dinner so important?

Pourquoi le dîner est-il tellement important?

so, so much - tellement. This adverb can also mean "to such a degree" or "in such a manner." An alternative is si: Pourquoi le dîner est-il si important?


Here is a good example

Voici un bon exemple

here is, this is - voici. Exemple is a masculine noun. Note that you would still use Voici even if the sentence began "Here are..."


There is my car

Voilà ma voiture

here is, there is - voilà. Note how in this case voilà functions as a presentative.


That is why I can't cook

Voilà pourquoi je ne peux pas cuisiner

that is why - voilà. This word is difficult to translate directly into English, as it has many different uses.


The whole house is beautiful

Toute la maison est belle

the whole, all of, every - tout + definite article. Note the feminine form of tout, toute. Here you are essentially saying "All of the house is beautiful." The plural toutes les maisons would mean "all of the houses" or "every house."


All of the trains are long

Tous les trains sont longs

the whole, all of, every (plural) - tous + definite article. Note that the feminine form of tous is toutes.


He is eating each snack

Il mange chaque encas

each, every - chaque. The indefinite adjective chaque always takes a singular noun and/or the third-person singular verb form: Chaque train est long.


All right (then)!


all right - d'accord. Note that d'accord is only used as an affirmation (to agree with someone), never as a description (to say something is "all right"). "To agree" or "to be in agreement" is expressed with the construction être d'accord.


They are perfect together

Ils sont parfaits ensemble

together - ensemble. Note that ensemble is an invariable adverb.


I study for school

J'étudie pour l'école

for - pour. Note that pour can also be used to mean "to" or "in order to."


I eat in order to live

Je mange afin de vivre

in order to, so (as to) - afin de. This expression is usually followed by an infinitive. As an alternative, you could use pour.


We're together; I'm glad

Nous sommes ensemble; je suis content

pleased, glad - content. Note that content usually refers to a momentary state (often due to a specific reason) instead of a general state of happiness.


Anyway, we're coming home

D'ailleurs, on rentre à la maison

anyway, incidentally - d'ailleurs


Do you have another boat?

As-tu un autre bateau?

other, another, different - autre. The plural form is d'autres: d'autres enfants means "other kids." Autre can also be used as a noun: les autres means "the others."


The two boys are very different

Les deux garçons sont très différents

different - différent


He wants a different house

Il veut une autre maison

other, another, different - autre. Note how in this case autre is used, not différent. Here you are essentially saying "He wants another house." Meanwhile, "The house is different" would be translated as La maison est différente.


Most fundamentally, the prepositions dans and en both mean "in." However, they are used differently and are not interchangeable. Describe some basic differences in usage.

Dans expresses an amount of time before something will happen: Nous mangeons dans deux minutes -- "We're eating in two minutes." It also means "in" when used with an article and a noun: dans la maison -- "in the house."

En indicates how long something takes: Je peux faire mes devoirs en trois minutes -- "I can do my homework in three minutes." It also means "in" when used with a noun without an article: en classe -- "in class/school."