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Flashcards in Lesson 6 Deck (132)
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1
Translate to French:

What day is it?

Quel jour sommes-nous?

What day is it? - Quel jour sommes-nous? Literally, this means "What day are we?"

2
Translate to French:

Monday is the worst day of the week

Le lundi est le pire jour de la semaine

Monday - lundi. Note that if you are not referring to a specific day (a specific Monday), but to the day in general, you must put le before the day.

3
Translate to French:

I have a test on Tuesday

J'ai un examen mardi

Tuesday - mardi. When referring to a specific Tuesday, you do not need to use an article.

4
Translate to French:

Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday

lundi, mardi, mercredi, jeudi, vendredi, samedi, dimanche

Note that days are not capitalized in French.

5
Translate to French:

I am fifteen years old

J'ai quinze ans

a year - un an. Recall that when dealing with age, you must use the verb avoir instead of être.

6
Translate to French:

We will play sports all year

Nous allons faire du sport pendant toute l'année

a year (duration) - une année. Année is used instead of an when emphasizing duration rather than a division or amount of time. This is similar to the difference between jour and journée.

7
Translate to French:

I've been in Paris for two years

Voilà deux ans que je suis à Paris

When choosing between the basic time words an, jour, soir, matin and their feminine counterparts année, journée, soirée, matinée, note that the former should generally be used with numbers. One exception is when you are describing duration: pendant toute la journée.

8
Translate to French:

The school (scholastic/academic) year is difficult

L'année scolaire est difficile

When choosing between the basic time words an, jour, soir, matin and their feminine counterparts année, journée, soirée, matinée, note that the latter should generally be used with adjectives.

9
Translate to French:

When does he leave? He leaves in three months

Quand est-ce qu'il part? Il part dans trois mois

a month - un mois. Note how you can ask questions by placing any question word (quand in this case) in front of est-ce que.

10
Translate to French:

It's always cold in January

Il fait toujours froid en janvier

January - janvier. Note that months are never capitalized and are used with the preposition en. En is used with months, years, and seasons to describe when something takes place.

11
Translate to French:

February is the shortest month of the year

Le mois de février est le mois le plus court de l'année

February - février. Note that you could also begin the sentence Février est le mois...

12
Translate to French:

My uncle's birthday is in March

L'anniversaire de mon oncle est en mars

March - mars

13
Translate to French:

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

janvier, février, mars, avril, mai, juin, juillet, août, septembre, octobre, novembre, décembre

14
Translate to French:

I have an appointment with Claude next week

J'ai un rendez-vous avec Claude la semaine prochaine

an appointment - un rendez-vous. Note that this can also mean "meeting place."

15
Translate to French:

Are they going to return today?

Vont-ils retourner aujourd'hui?

to return - retourner. Note that both revenir and rentrer could also work here. All three verbs essentially mean "to return," although there are slight differences between them: retourner is best translated as "to go back," revenir as "to come back," and rentrer as "to come/go home."

16

How do you form the basic past tense in French?

(present tense of) auxiliary verb + past participle

The past tense (called the passé composé) is a compound tense. It's created with the present tense of an auxiliary verb -- either avoir or, less commonly, être. This verb is then followed by the past participle of the main verb. For instance: il a chanté -- "he sang."

17

How do you form past participles in French?

For regular verbs, the past participle is formed by dropping the infinitive ending and replacing it with é, i, or u.

For instance, the past participle of chanter is chanté.

18
Translate to French:

Today, I played basketball

Aujourd'hui, j'ai joué au basket

Note the past tense of jouer, which takes the auxiliary verb avoir. Avoir is first conjugated in the first-person singular of the present (to agree with the subject), then followed by the past participle of the main verb, jouer. The past participles of regular -ER verbs are formed by removing the infinitive ending and adding é.

19
Translate to French:

Then, Maxine spoke

Ensuite, Maxine a parlé

 

20
Translate to French:

This morning, Carl watched TV

Ce matin, Carl a regardé la télé

21
Translate to French:

We finished our work

Nous avons fini notre travail

The past participles of regular -IR verbs are formed by removing the infinitive ending and adding i.

22
Translate to French:

We did not finish our work

Nous n'avons pas fini notre travail

Note the use of negation here: the ne... pas construction is used with the auxiliary verb, before the past participle.

23
Translate to French:

The boys heard their aunt

Les garçons ont entendu leur tante

The past participles of regular -RE verbs are formed by removing the infinitive ending and adding u.

24
Translate to French:

I saw something weird

J'ai vu quelque chose d'étrange

Recall that voir is an irregular French verb, and thus also has an irregular past participle, vu.

25
Translate to French:

I saw nothing

Je n'ai rien vu

Note the use of rien here. It comes after the conjugated auxiliary verb and before the participle.

26
Translate to French:

Have you seen this new television series?

As-tu vu cette nouvelle série télé?

Note that the subject and the auxiliary verb are inverted when asking a question in the passé composé. Also note that there is no distinction between "did you see" and "have you seen" in French.

27
Translate to French:

Julie is addicted to this new song

Julie est accro à cette nouvelle chanson

addicted to - accro à. Accro is an informal, shortened form of the adjective accroché, formed from the past participle of accrocher, "to hang (up)." Chanson is a feminine noun.

28

What is the difference between transitive and intransitive verbs?

Transitive verbs are action verbs that have a direct object, whereas intransitive verbs don't have objects. "I ate cake" (transitive) vs. "I arrived" (intransitive)

 

29

How do you choose between the two French auxiliary verbs?

Most verbs use avoir as their auxiliary verb. Verbs that use être are typically intransitive verbs that denote movement -- aller, venir, partir, sortir, arriver, etc.

 

30

What should you pay close attention to when using être as an auxiliary verb in compound tenses?

When used with être, the participle has to agree in gender and number with the subject. This is not true for verbs conjugated with the auxiliary verb avoir (with the exception of some rare cases that you will learn about elsewhere).

For example, "she went" is elle est allée (with the extra "e").