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Flashcards in Lesson 5 Deck (134)
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How do you contract the preposition à with the definite articles le and les?

à + le = au, à + les = aux


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What is your hobby?

Quel est ton hobby?

a hobby - un hobby

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They desire many things

Ils désirent beaucoup de choses

to desire, to want, to wish for - désirer. Note that this verb is commonly followed by the infinitive: ils désirent partir en vacances -- "they want to go on vacation."

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Do you want to listen to the radio?

Voulez-vous écouter la radio?

a radio - une radio

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We make radios

Nous fabriquons des radios

to make, to construct, to manufacture - fabriquer

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I'm going to see Paul tomorrow

Je vais voir Paul demain

immediate future tense - aller + infinitive. The immediate future tense is used to express something that will happen soon. (The future tense, on the other hand, is used for future events in general.) The immediate future tense is composed of the present tense of aller + the infinitive of the action verb. For example, "he's going to eat" would be il va manger.

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He is going to use a pencil

Il va utiliser un crayon

to use - utiliser

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I am going to get a good grade

Je vais recevoir une bonne note

a grade (in a class/on an exam) - une note. A "rank" or a "school year (level)" is best translated by classe.

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They like all sports

Ils aiment tous les sports

a sport - un sport. Note how tous is employed to match the number and gender of sports. The feminine forms of tout are toute and toutes.

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We're going to play a game of basketball

On va jouer un match de basket

a (sports) match, a game - un match, une partie. Match and partie apply to sports games, while games in general should be described with jeu.

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Before playing a game, I listen to music

Avant de jouer un match, j'écoute de la musique

before - avant. Note that it is common to use avant right before de + the infinitive of a verb.

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I talk to my mom after lunch

Je parle à ma mère après le déjeuner

after - après. Note that après is used here as a preposition, meaning it is followed by a noun.

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It's going to be enjoyable

Ça va être agréable

pleasant, enjoyable, nice - agréable. Note that the opposite, "unpleasant," is désagréable.

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It's a serious matter

C'est une affaire sérieuse

serious - sérieux, grave. Note that affaire is a feminine noun. To refer to literal matter, use matière, which is also feminine.

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Which basketball team do you like better?

Quelle équipe de basket préfères-tu?

a team - une équipe

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Is he an athlete?

Est-il athlète?

an athlete - un athlète

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My favorite team isn't very popular

Mon équipe préférée n'est pas très populaire

popular - populaire. Note that, in general, adjectives that already end with an "e" do not change from the masculine to the feminine.

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Soccer is the best sport

Le football c'est le meilleur sport

soccer, football - le football. Note that football is frequently shortened to foot.

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Do you want to play tennis?

Est-ce que vous voulez jouer au tennis?

tennis - le tennis. Remember that jouer à ___ normally applies to playing a sport.

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The game is at the soccer field

Le match est au terrain de foot

a (sports) field - un terrain

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I hate (American) football

Je déteste le football américain

(American) football - le football américain

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I'm going to play sports two times today

Je vais faire du sport deux fois aujourd'hui

a time (instance) - une fois. Note that fois is a mark of reiteration. Be careful not to confuse fois with temps, which is both the concept of "time" and "the weather."

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We are going to arrive late tonight

Nous allons arriver en retard ce soir

late - en retard. Note that this is only the adverbial use of "late." The adjective for "late" is tard, like in the expression C'est trop tard -- "It's too late."

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My dad is always early

Mon père est toujours en avance

to be early - être en avance. Note that the construction arriver en avance, "to arrive early," is also very common.

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Excuse me, I'm in a hurry

Excusez-moi, je suis pressé

in a hurry, in a rush - pressé

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I'm going to swim three times this weekend. But you don't know how to swim

Je vais nager trois fois ce week-end. Mais tu ne sais pas nager

to swim - nager. The expression faire de la natation can also mean "to go swimming." In the second sentence, note the construction savoir + infinitive -- "to know how to ___."

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We're swimming in her pool

Nous nageons dans sa piscine

a (swimming) pool - une piscine. Note that the nous form of nager keeps the "e" so that the stem becomes nage-.

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They run quickly/fast

Elles courent vite

to run - courir. Note that courir has an irregular conjugation: je cours, tu cours, il/elle/on court, nous courons, vous courez, ils/elles courent.

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Are you going jogging today?

Est-ce que tu vas faire du jogging aujourd'hui?

to go jogging - faire du jogging

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He is breathing quickly while running

Il respire rapidement en courant

to breathe - respirer