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Flashcards in Lesson 2 Deck (181)
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Translate to French:

I think about Marie

Je pense à Marie

to think about (someone, something) - penser à. In this case "about" is translated with the preposition à. Very common in French, à can have various meanings -- including "to" and "toward" -- depending on context.

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I have a good book

J'ai un bon livre

a book - un livre

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She is a teacher

C'est une enseignante

a teacher - un enseignant. Note that it is common to use c'est rather than il/elle est, even for a person. C'est must be followed by an indefinite article (un/une), while il/elle est should NOT: Elle est enseignante.

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She is a (primary school) teacher

C'est une institutrice

a teacher (primary school) - un(e) instituteur/-trice. Note that when addressing primary (and sometimes middle) school teachers, students usually use the noun maître/-esse.

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a (middle/high school) teacher, a professor

un professeur

a (middle/high school) teacher, a professor - un professeur. In written form, professeur is always a masculine noun. When spoken, especially with the colloquial abbreviation prof, you can use the feminine form -- une prof.

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It's an American school

C'est une école américaine

school - l'école

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The middle school is big

Le collège est grand

middle school - le collège. Note that the French word for "college" or "university" is the feminine université.

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a good high school

un bon lycée

high school - le lycée. Note that although most nouns ending in an "e" are feminine, lycée is masculine.

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I study mathematics

J'étudie les mathématiques

to study - étudier. After étudier, you should always use an article before the noun. Note also that mathématiques is a special noun that can only be plural.

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She is studying with a friend

Elle révise avec un ami

to study, to review, to revise - réviser. Note that this verb is different from étudier, which means to study a subject regularly or in general. Réviser pertains instead to studying for something specific like an exam or a quiz.

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She enters the house

Elle entre dans la maison

enter - entrer

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I am studying at home

J'étudie à la maison

at home - à la maison. This literally translates to "at the house."

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They are coming (back) home

Ils rentrent à la maison

to come home, to come back - rentrer. To express "to come (back) to" you use rentrer à, while to express "to come (back) from" you would use rentrer de.

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We're finally home

Nous sommes enfin à la maison

finally - enfin

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The boys are interesting

Les garçons sont intéressants

interesting - intéressant

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Is he a professor?

Est-il professeur?

Note that things are often inversed in questions, such that the pronoun comes after the verb, joined by a dash. Another example: "Do you have my book?" translates as As-tu mon livre?

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Are you guys classmates?

Êtes-vous camarades de classe?

a classmate - un(e) camarade (de classe)

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We have homework

Nous avons des devoirs

homework - les devoirs. Used here as a plural masculine noun, devoir is also a verb, meaning "to owe" or "to have to."

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You speak very quickly

Tu parles très vite

quickly - vite. Note that when an adverb (in this case, très) modifies another adverb (vite), it precedes that adverb.

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I am often sad

Je suis souvent triste

often - souvent. Note that when adverbs modify adjectives, they usually precede the adjectives.

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We're coming home by car

Nous rentrons (à la maison) en voiture

to go home by (means of transportation) - rentrer en. The preposition en can be used to introduce most modes of transportation. Note that en can also mean "in" or "inside."

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You (singular) live a good life

Tu vis une bonne vie

to live - vivre. This is an irregular verb: je vis, tu vis, il/elle/on vit, nous vivons, vous vivez, ils/elles vivent.

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I live in France

J'habite en France

to live, to reside - habiter. Note that habiter is a regular -ER verb. Also note that it is different from vivre in that it is used to speak about one's place of residence.

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We're coming home by train

Nous rentrons (à la maison) en train

a train - un train


What are the present tense conjugation endings of 2nd group (-IR) verbs?

-is -is -it -issons -issez -issent

For example, for finir, which means "to finish": je finis, tu finis, il/elle/on finit, nous finissons, vous finissez, ils/elles finissent.

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I choose to work

Je choisis de travailler

to choose - choisir. Note that you translate "to choose to" with choisir de. In the first-person singular of the present tense, regular -IR verbs take the ending -is.

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You react badly

Tu réagis mal

to react - réagir. In the second-person singular of the present tense, regular -IR verbs take the ending -is.

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Is the train long?

Le train est-il long?

long - long. Note that the feminine form is longue.

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Does she concentrate well?

Réfléchit-elle bien?

to reflect, to ponder, to concentrate - réfléchir. In the third-person singular of the present tense, regular -IR verbs take the ending -it.

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We are growing old

Nous vieillissons

to age, to grow old - vieillir. In the first-person plural of the present tense, regular -IR verbs take the ending -issons.