Lesson 2 Flashcards Preview

French Level 1 > Lesson 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lesson 2 Deck (181)
Loading flashcards...
Translate to French:

You guys grow up fast

Vous grandissez vite

to grow (up), to expand - grandir. In the second-person plural of the present tense, regular -IR verbs take the ending -issez.

Translate to French:

They always succeed

Ils réussissent toujours

to succeed - réussir. In the third-person plural of the present tense, regular -IR verbs take the ending -issent.

Translate to French:

I finish my work

Je finis mon travail

to finish - finir. Note that travail is a masculine noun.

Translate to French:

Is the book on the table?

Le livre est-il sur la table?

on - sur. This preposition usually means "on," but it can also take other meanings, depending on context. For instance, deux fois sur quatre means "two times out of four." No matter what, note that sur should be followed by a noun.

Translate to French:

The teacher punishes the students

Le professeur punit les étudiants

to punish - punir

Translate to French:

I am counting on Marie!

Je compte sur Marie!

to count on - compter sur

Translate to French:

Our homework is easy

Nos devoirs sont faciles

easy - facile

Translate to French:

French is difficult

Le français est difficile

difficult, hard - difficile

Translate to French:

She finishes her homework easily

Elle finit ses devoirs facilement

easily - facilement. Note that many adverbs are formed by adding the suffix -ment to adjectives (in this case, facile, or "easy").

Translate to French:

You (plural) slim down easily

Vous maigrissez facilement

to slim down, to lose weight - maigrir

Translate to French:

He often puts on weight

Il grossit souvent

to gain/put on weight - grossir


What are the most common present tense conjugation endings for 3rd group (-RE and -OIR) verbs?

-s -s -t/-d -ons -ez -ent

For comprendre, which means "to understand": je comprends, tu comprends, il/elle/on comprend, nous comprenons, vous comprenez, ils/elles comprennent.


Conjugate the verb entendre, "to hear," in the present tense.

  • j'entends
  • tu entends
  • il/elle/on entend
  • nous entendons
  • vous entendez
  • ils/elles entendent

Verbs with the same infinitive ending, like prendre (to take), apprendre (to learn), and comprendre (to understand), share the same conjugation endings in the present.

Translate to French:

She doesn't speak

Elle ne parle pas

not - ne... pas. To make a sentence or question negative as you would with the word "not" in English, first place ne after the subject and before the verb. Then put the negative adverb pas after the conjugated verb. If the verb starts with a vowel, ne becomes n'.

Translate to French:

He never eats

Il ne mange jamais

never - ne... jamais. Note how negation is formed here by simply replacing pas with jamais. Note also that you can use jamais on its own, usually as the answer to a question, meaning "never."

Translate to French:

You guys don't work anymore

Vous ne travaillez plus

no more, not anymore, no longer - ne... plus

Translate to French:

I do not hear anything/ I hear nothing

Je n'entends rien

not anything, nothing - ne... rien. In a positive sentence such as "Anything will work," there is a different French word for "anything": n'importe quoi.

Translate to French:

They eat soup. They do not eat soup. They no longer eat soup. They never eat soup

Ils mangent de la soupe. Ils ne mangent pas de soupe. Ils ne mangent plus de soupe. Ils ne mangent jamais de soupe

Notice how in a negative construction, the partitive article changes to de. This change happens for the articles un, une, du, de la, de l', des.

Translate to French:

He is a bad friend

C'est un mauvais ami

bad - mauvais. Note the use of c'est to introduce the modified noun. When deciding between c'est and il est before a noun, remember to use c'est for modified nouns and il est for unmodified nouns.

Translate to French:

We are taking a train

Nous prenons un train

to take - prendre. This is a very common verb. Its conjugations in the present are: je prends, tu prends, il/elle/on prend, nous prenons, vous prenez, ils/elles prennent.

Translate to French:

He is taking the plane

Il prend l'avion

an airplane - un avion

Translate to French:

They are taking the boat

Ils prennent le bateau

a boat - un bateau

Translate to French:

It's a strange boat

C'est un bateau bizarre

weird, strange - bizarre, étrange

Translate to French:

They learn to play piano

Ils apprennent à jouer du piano

to learn - apprendre. This verb is conjugated in the present tense as follows: j'apprends, tu apprends, il/elle/on apprend, nous apprenons, vous apprenez, ils/elles apprennent.

Translate to French:

You guys hear well

Vous entendez bien

to hear - entendre. This verb is conjugated in similar fashion to the verbs prendre and apprendre.

Translate to French:

You hear everything

Tu entends tout

everything - tout. Note that tout is a common word that can take several different meanings, including "every," "each," and "all." It is invariable here because it functions as a noun and not an adjective.

Translate to French:

Do they understand everything?

Comprennent-ils tout?

to understand - comprendre

Translate to French:

We lose money

Nous perdons de l'argent

to lose - perdre. This verb is conjugated in the present tense as follows: je perds, tu perds, il/elle/on perd, nous perdons, vous perdez, ils/elles perdent.

Translate to French:

We sleep a lot

Nous dormons beaucoup

to sleep - dormir. Note that dormir is not a regular -IR verb. In the present tense, it is conjugated like so: je dors, tu dors, il/elle/on dort, nous dormons, vous dormez, ils/elles dorment.

Translate to French:

You guys always lie

Vous mentez toujours

to lie - mentir. Note that mentir is not a regular -IR verb: je mens, tu mens, il/elle/on ment, nous mentons, vous mentez, ils/elles mentent.