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Flashcards in Lesson 2 Deck (181)
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Translate to French:

(informal) You're doing what?

Tu fais quoi?

what (direct object in a question) - quoi. This is an informal construction frequently used instead of its more formal equivalent: Que fais-tu?

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I understand what she is doing

Je comprends ce qu'elle fait

what (as the direct object in a sentence) - ce que. Note how ce que becomes ce qu' when followed by a vowel sound.

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You sing, which is funny

Tu chantes, ce qui est drôle

which (as a pronoun) - ce qui

Translate to French:

Which middle school?

Quel collège?

which/what - quel. When "what" precedes a noun, the correct translation is always quel. If the noun is feminine, use quelle.

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Who am I?

Qui suis-je?

who - qui. Note that the common interrogative form is: interrogative word + verb-pronoun.

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When can she go?

Quand peut-elle aller?

when - quand

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Why do you study?

Pourquoi étudies-tu?

why - pourquoi

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I am eating because I am hungry

Je mange parce que j'ai faim

because - parce que

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Where is my book?

est mon livre?

where - . Note that the verb remains conjugated in the third-person singular form to match the direct object, "book."

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How are you?

Comment vas-tu?

how - comment. Comment vas-tu? literally translates as "How are you going?" instead of the English phrasing "How are you?" Alternatively, you can say Comment ça va?

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How much money do you have?

Combien d'argent as-tu?

how much, how many - combien. Note that there is no difference in French between the questions "How much?" and "How many?"

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What is a convertible?

Qu'est-ce qu'un cabriolet?

What is a... - Qu'est-ce qu'un/une...

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What does "snack" mean?

Que veut dire "encas"?

What does ___ mean? - Que veut dire ___?

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What do you think about the dinner?

Que penses-tu du dîner?

to have an opinion about, to think about - penser de. Recall that penser à means "to think about (someone, something)." Penser de, on the other hand, means "to have an opinion about" someone or something.

Translate to French:

Why is the dinner so important?

Pourquoi le dîner est-il tellement important?

so, so much - tellement. This adverb can also mean "to such a degree" or "in such a manner." An alternative is si: Pourquoi le dîner est-il si important?

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Here is a good example

Voici un bon exemple

here is, this is - voici. Exemple is a masculine noun. Note that you would still use Voici even if the sentence began "Here are..."

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There is my car

Voilà ma voiture

here is, there is - voilà. Note how in this case voilà functions as a presentative.

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That is why I can't cook

Voilà pourquoi je ne peux pas cuisiner

that is why - voilà. This word is difficult to translate directly into English, as it has many different uses.

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The whole house is beautiful

Toute la maison est belle

the whole, all of, every - tout + definite article. Note the feminine form of tout, toute. Here you are essentially saying "All of the house is beautiful." The plural toutes les maisons would mean "all of the houses" or "every house."

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All of the trains are long

Tous les trains sont longs

the whole, all of, every (plural) - tous + definite article. Note that the feminine form of tous is toutes.

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He is eating each snack

Il mange chaque encas

each, every - chaque. The indefinite adjective chaque always takes a singular noun and/or the third-person singular verb form: Chaque train est long.

Translate to French:

All right (then)!


all right - d'accord. Note that d'accord is only used as an affirmation (to agree with someone), never as a description (to say something is "all right"). "To agree" or "to be in agreement" is expressed with the construction être d'accord.

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They are perfect together

Ils sont parfaits ensemble

together - ensemble. Note that ensemble is an invariable adverb.

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I study for school

J'étudie pour l'école

for - pour. Note that pour can also be used to mean "to" or "in order to."

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I eat in order to live

Je mange afin de vivre

in order to, so (as to) - afin de. This expression is usually followed by an infinitive. As an alternative, you could use pour.

Translate to French:

We're together; I'm glad

Nous sommes ensemble; je suis content

pleased, glad - content. Note that content usually refers to a momentary state (often due to a specific reason) instead of a general state of happiness.

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Anyway, we're coming home

D'ailleurs, on rentre à la maison

anyway, incidentally - d'ailleurs

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Do you have another boat?

As-tu un autre bateau?

other, another, different - autre. The plural form is d'autres: d'autres enfants means "other kids." Autre can also be used as a noun: les autres means "the others."

Translate to French:

The two boys are very different

Les deux garçons sont très différents

different - différent

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He wants a different house

Il veut une autre maison

other, another, different - autre. Note how in this case autre is used, not différent. Here you are essentially saying "He wants another house." Meanwhile, "The house is different" would be translated as La maison est différente.