10 - Repro - Female repro system 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 10 - Repro - Female repro system 2 Deck (18):
1

What is endometriosis?

Presence of ectopic endometrial tissue

2

What are uterine fibroids?

Benign tumours of the endometrium, which are oestrogen dependant (therefore shrink during menopause)

3

What is the most common malignancy of the female genital tract?

Endometrial carcinoma

4

Where is the most common location of endometrial carcinoma?

Squamo-columnar junction in cervix

5

What is a Nabothian cyst, and how do they form?

Mucous-filled cyst in cervix
- Formed when squamous epithelium of exocervix grows over columnar epithelium of endocervix

6

What is the vulval vestibule? What does it contain?

Space between the labia minora. Contains:
- External urethral orifice
- Vaginal orifice
- Bartholin's glands
- Clitoris

7

How many fornices are there in a vagina?

4: Anterior, posterior and 2 x lateral

8

What is the arterial supply to the external female genitalia?

Pudendal arteries (from internal iliac)

9

What is the arterial supply to the vagina?

Uterine arteries
Vaginal arteries

10

What is the venous drainage of the external female genitalia?

Pudendal veins

11

What is the venous drainage of the vagina?

Uterine veins into:
- Vaginal venous plexuses into:
- Internal iliac veins

12

To which nodes does the lymphatics of the external female genitalia drain to?

Superficial inguinal nodes

13

To which nodes does the lymphatics of the vagina drain to?

- Superficial inguinal nodes
- Iliac nodes

14

What is the innervation of the inferior 1/5th of the vagina?

Pudendal nerve S2-4

15

What is the innervation of the uterus and superior 4/5ths of the vagina?

Uterovaginal plexus, from inferior hypogastric plexus

16

What is the innervation of the anterior portion of the vulva?

- Ilioinguinal nerve L1
- Genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve L1/2

17

What is the innervation of the posterior portion of the vulva?

- Pudendal nerve S2-4
- Posterior cutaneous nerve of thigh S1-3

18

What is Bartholinitis?

Infection + Inflammation of Bartholin's glands